Leucothoe lecroyae

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This page should be cited as follows (rationale):
White K, Reimer J (2012) Commensal Leucothoidae (Crustacea, Amphipoda) of the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. Part II: sponge-dwellers. ZooKeys 166 : 1–58, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2012-01-20, version 20697, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Leucothoe_lecroyae&oldid=20697 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

Citation formats to copy and paste

BibTeX:

@article{White2012ZooKeys166,
author = {White, Kristine N. AND Reimer, James Davis},
journal = {ZooKeys},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {Commensal Leucothoidae (Crustacea, Amphipoda) of the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. Part II: sponge-dwellers},
year = {2012},
volume = {166},
issue = {},
pages = {1--58},
doi = {10.3897/zookeys.166.2313},
url = {http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/2313/abstract},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2012-01-20, version 20697, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Leucothoe_lecroyae&oldid=20697 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}

}

RIS/ Endnote:

TY - JOUR
T1 - Commensal Leucothoidae (Crustacea, Amphipoda) of the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. Part II: sponge-dwellers
A1 - White K
A1 - Reimer J
Y1 - 2012
JF - ZooKeys
JA -
VL - 166
IS -
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.166.2313
SP - 1
EP - 58
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2012-01-20, version 20697, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Leucothoe_lecroyae&oldid=20697 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/zookeys.166.2313

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="White2012ZooKeys166">{{Citation
| author = White K, Reimer J
| title = Commensal Leucothoidae (Crustacea, Amphipoda) of the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. Part II: sponge-dwellers
| journal = ZooKeys
| year = 2012
| volume = 166
| issue =
| pages = 1--58
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/zookeys.166.2313
| url = http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/2313/abstract
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2019-06-18

}} Versioned wiki page: 2012-01-20, version 20697, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Leucothoe_lecroyae&oldid=20697 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Taxonavigation

Ordo: Amphipoda
Familia: Leucothoidae
Genus: Leucothoe

Name

Leucothoe lecroyae White & Reimer, 2012 sp. n.Wikispecies linkZooBank linkPensoft Profile

Type material

Holotype male, 3.5 mm RUMF-ZC-1763, Kuse, Kakeroma–jima Island reef wall (28°06'05"N, 129°21'12"E), in canals of brown sponge, Rhabdastrella of Thiele 1903[1], 10 m, K.N. White, col., 19 March 2011 (KNWAmami2C). Paratype female, 3.3 mm RUMF-ZC-1764, same station data as holotype.

Type locality

Kuse, Kakeroma–jima Island, Amami–oshima Island region, Kagoshima, Japan (28°06'05"N, 129°21'12"E).

Additional material examined

7 specimens, NSMT-Cr 21894, KNWYaku3D; 7 specimens, RUMF-ZC-1765, KNWYaku3D; 1 specimen, RUMF-ZC-1766, KNWYaku5P; 3 specimens, NSMT-Cr 21895 KNWOkinawa44A; 1 specimen, RUMF-ZC-1767, KNWOkinawa44F; 5 specimens, NSMT-Cr 21893, KNWAmami2D; 1 male specimen, RUMF-ZC-1799, KNWAmami2C.

Diagnosis (male)

Ventral cephalic keel anterior margin transverse, anteroventral margin quadrate. Eyes oval. Antennae 1 accessory flagellum 1–articulate. Right mandible with small 2–layered lacinia mobilis. Maxilliped inner plates small with serrate robust setae; outer plate tuberculate. Gnathopod 1 coxa anterior margin serrate; carpus robust, proximal margin serrate; propodus palm serrate with triangular teeth. Gnathopod 2 carpus distally truncate; propodus with 2 mediofacial setal rows. Pereopods 5–7 coxae with facial setae; bases posteriorly serrate. Female ventral cephalic keel anteroventral margin serrate; gnathopod 1 basis posterior margin with 6 short setae; gnathopod 2 carpus distally tapered.

Description (male)

Head. Anterior margin rounded, anterodistal margin evenly rounded; ventral cephalic keel anterior margin transverse, anteroventral margin quadrate, ventral margin oblique; eyes with more than 10 ommatidia, oval. Antenna 1 0.4 × body length, flagellum 10+–articulate (broken), peduncle article 1 width less than 2 × article 2, accessory flagellum 1–articulate. Antenna 2 0.3 × body length, slightly shorter than antenna 1, flagellum 6–articulate. Mandibular palp ratio of articles 1–3 1.0: 2.8: 1.0, article 2 with 2 medium distal setae, article 3 with 2 distal setae, incisors strongly dentate; left mandible with 8 raker spines, lacinia mobilis large, strongly toothed; right mandible with 7 raker spines, with small 2–layered lacinia mobilis, strongly dentate. Upper lip asymmetrically lobate, anterior margin setose. Lower lip inner lobes fused, setose; outer lobes with moderate gape, anterior margins setose. Maxilla 1 palp 1–articulate, margins constricted and with 4 distal setae; outer plate with 7 distal robust setae and 6 short marginal setae. Maxilla 2 inner plate with 4 robust distal setae, 2 robust facial setae, and 7 slender marginal setae; outer plate with 3 robust distal setae and 3 slender distal marginal setae. Maxilliped inner plates distal margin with a v-shaped indentation, with short simple and serrate robust setae; outer plate inner margin tuberculate, reaching 0.3 × palp article 1, with simple marginal setae, facial setae absent; palp article 4 subequal in length with article 3, distally acute.
Pereon. Coxae 1–4 relative widths 1.0: 1.5: 1.2: 1.8. Gnathopod 1 coxa smooth, with tiny marginal setae, anterior margin serrate, anterior margin produced, rounded, distal margin straight, posterior margin excavate, facial setae absent; basis linear, anterior margin with 1 short seta, posterior margin with 2 short setae; ischium bare; carpus linear, distal length 7.1 × width, proximal margin serrate, distal margin bare; propodus straight, palm serrate with 10 distal setae and 10 distal triangular teeth; dactylus smooth, reaching 0.1 × propodus length. Gnathopod 2 coxa broader than long, subequal in size with coxa 3, smooth, with tiny marginal setae, anterior margin expanded, anterodistally rounded, distal and posterior margins straight, facial setae absent; basis distally expanded, anterior margin with 10 medium setae, posterior margin with 2 short setae; ischium with 1 posterodistal seta; carpus 0.4 × propodus length, curved, distally truncate, anterior margin dentate; propodus with 2 mediofacial setal rows, primary mediofacial setal row above midline, reaching 0.8 × propodus length, secondary mediofacial setal row with 4 setae, with 1 row of submarginal setae, posterior margin with 5 small robust setae, palm convex with 10 tubercles; dactylus curved, proximal margin smooth with 1 seta, anterior margin distally subacute, reaching 0.5 × propodus length. Pereopod 3 coxa length 1.3 × width, anterodistal corner overriding distal face of coxa 2 and extending below it, smooth, with tiny marginal setae, anterior margin straight, distal margin oblique, posterior margin straight, facial setae absent. Pereopod 4 coxa smooth, with tiny marginal setae, anterior margin produced, distal margin evenly rounded, posterior margin tapered, facial setae absent. Pereopods 5–7 coxae facial setae present; bases width length ratios 1: 1.4, 1: 1.3, 1: 1.2, serrate, setose.
Pleon. Epimera 1–2 with ventral setae, epimeron 3 bare; epimeron 3 posteroventral corner sinuous, rounded. Uropods 1–3 relative lengths 1.0: 0.8: 0.9. Uropod 1 peduncle subequal in length with inner ramus, outer ramus 0.9 × inner ramus length; inner ramus with 6 robust setae and outer ramus with 4 robust setae. Uropod 2 peduncle 0.9 × inner ramus length, outer ramus length 0.6 × inner ramus length; inner ramus with 4 robust setae and outer ramus with 3 robust setae. Uropod 3 peduncle 1.2 × inner ramus length, outer ramus length 0.9 × inner ramus length; inner ramus with 3 robust setae and outer ramus with 5 robust setae. Telson 2.3 × longer than wide, apex strongly tridentate.
Female (sexually dimorphic characters).
Ventral cephalic keel anteroventral margin serrate. Gnathopod 1 basis posterior margin with 6 short setae. Gnathopod 2 basis posterior margin with 1 seta; ischium with 2 distal and 2 posterodistal setae; carpus distally tapered, anterior margin smooth; propodus posterior margin bare.

Etymology

Named for Sara E. LeCroy, in recognition of her contribution to amphipod taxonomy. Ms LeCroy has been a colleague and friend for the past 7 years and the first author is very grateful for all her support.

Ecology

In canals of sponges, brown sponge with holes on top only, Rhadastrella sp., RUMF-ZP-1, KNWOkinawa16A (Figure 24H), dark red chimney sponge, Axinellidaeof Carter 1875[2], RUMF-ZP-12, KNWYaku3F (Figure 24D), orange lumpy sponge, Axinellidae (Figure 24J); and among coral rubble.

Relationships

Leucothoe lecroyae sp. n. is similar to Leucothoe cheiriserra Serejo, 1998, Leucothoe gavialis Myers, 1985, Leucothoe hipposideros White & Thomas, 2009, Leucothoe squalidens Ledoyer, 1984, and Leucothoe hashi sp. n. in having triangular teeth on the palm of gnathopod 1 propodus. It also shares a short dactylus on gnathopod 1, rounded head margin, and distally truncate gnathopod 2 carpus with Leucothoe hashi sp. n., but differs in having a more robust gnathopod 1 propodus and carpus, maxilla 1 palp 1–articulate, margins constricted, 2–layered lacinia mobilis on the right mandible, and wide pereopod 5–7 bases.

Remarks

Leucothoe lecroyae sp. n. is faint yellow in color (Figure 23C). This species has been collected on Yakushima Island and Amami–oshima Island region (both Kagoshima) and from the northwestern and eastern coasts of Okinawa–jima Island, Okinawa, Japan.

Distribution

East China Sea: Okinawa–jima Island (Okinawa), Amami–oshima Island, Yakushima Island (both Kagoshima), Japan.

Original Description

  • White, K; Reimer, J; 2012: Commensal Leucothoidae (Crustacea, Amphipoda) of the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. Part II: sponge-dwellers ZooKeys, 166: 1-58. doi

Images

Other References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Thiele J (1903) Kieselschwämme von Ternate. II. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 25: 933-968.
  2. Carter H (1875) Notes Introductory to the Study and Classification of the Spongida. Part II. Proposed Classification of the Spongida. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4) 16(92): 126–145, 177–200.
  3. Lendenfeld R (1897) Spongien von Sansibar. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 21: 93-133.
  4. Duchassaing De Fondbressin P, Michelotti G (1864) Spongiaires de la mer Caraibe. Natuurkundige verhandelingen van de Hollandsche maatschappij der wetenschappen te Haarlem 21 (2): 1-124.
  5. Sollas W (1886) Preliminary account of the Tetractinellid sponges Dredged by H.M.S. ‘Challenger’ 1872–76. Part I. The Choristida. Scientific Proceedings of the Royal Dublin Society (new series) 5: 177-199.