Leucothoe daisukei

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This page should be cited as follows (rationale):
White K, Reimer J (2012) Commensal Leucothoidae (Crustacea, Amphipoda) of the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. Part II: sponge-dwellers. ZooKeys 166 : 1–58, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2012-01-20, version 20699, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Leucothoe_daisukei&oldid=20699 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

Citation formats to copy and paste

BibTeX:

@article{White2012ZooKeys166,
author = {White, Kristine N. AND Reimer, James Davis},
journal = {ZooKeys},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {Commensal Leucothoidae (Crustacea, Amphipoda) of the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. Part II: sponge-dwellers},
year = {2012},
volume = {166},
issue = {},
pages = {1--58},
doi = {10.3897/zookeys.166.2313},
url = {http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/2313/abstract},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2012-01-20, version 20699, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Leucothoe_daisukei&oldid=20699 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}

}

RIS/ Endnote:

TY - JOUR
T1 - Commensal Leucothoidae (Crustacea, Amphipoda) of the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. Part II: sponge-dwellers
A1 - White K
A1 - Reimer J
Y1 - 2012
JF - ZooKeys
JA -
VL - 166
IS -
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.166.2313
SP - 1
EP - 58
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2012-01-20, version 20699, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Leucothoe_daisukei&oldid=20699 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/zookeys.166.2313

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="White2012ZooKeys166">{{Citation
| author = White K, Reimer J
| title = Commensal Leucothoidae (Crustacea, Amphipoda) of the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. Part II: sponge-dwellers
| journal = ZooKeys
| year = 2012
| volume = 166
| issue =
| pages = 1--58
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/zookeys.166.2313
| url = http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/2313/abstract
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2019-06-20

}} Versioned wiki page: 2012-01-20, version 20699, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Leucothoe_daisukei&oldid=20699 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Taxonavigation

Ordo: Amphipoda
Familia: Leucothoidae
Genus: Leucothoe

Name

Leucothoe daisukei White & Reimer, 2012 sp. n.Wikispecies linkZooBank linkPensoft Profile

Type material

Holotype male, 4.4 mm RUMF-ZC-1744, Zanpa Cape, Okinawa–jima Island, Okinawa, reef wall (26°26'27"N, 127°43'03"E), in canals of large white ball sponge, Tetillidae, 30 m, Daisuke Ueno, col., 26 February 2011 (KNWOkinawa34F). Paratype female, 2.8 mm RUMF-ZC-1745, Zanpa Cape, Okinawa–jima Island, Okinawa, reef wall (26°26'27"N, 127°43'03"E), among coral rubble, 10–30 m, K.N. White and N.S. White, col., 26 February 2011 (KNWOkinawa34N).

Type locality

Zanpa Cape, Okinawa–jima Island, Okinawa, Japan (26°26'27"N, 127°43'03"E).

Additional material examined

2 specimens, KNWOkinawa34E; 2 specimens, KNWIshigaki2C; 1 specimen, RUMF-ZC-1746, KNWOkinawa40E; 1 specimen, NSMT-Cr 21881, KNWOkinawa34F.

Diagnosis (male)

Body stout. Antennae robust, short. Ventral cephalic keel anterior margin excavate. Mandibular palp article 2 robust. Maxilla 1 palp 1–articulate. Maxilliped inner plates with short serrate robust setae. Pereopods 5 and 7 coxae with facial setae. Gnathopod 2 stout.

Description (male)

Head. Anterior margin rounded, anterodistal margin subquadrate; ventral cephalic keel anterior margin excavate, anteroventral margin subquadrate, ventral margin oblique; eyes with more than 10 ommatidia, round. Antenna 1 0.3 × body length, flagellum 6–articulate, peduncle article 1 width less than 2 × article 2, accessory flagellum absent. Antenna 2 0.3 × body length, subequal in length with antenna 1, flagellum 6–articulate. Mandibular palp ratio of articles 1–3 1.0: 2.3: 1.8, article 2 robust, with 2–3 long distal setae, article 3 with 2 distal setae, incisors strongly dentate; left mandible with 11 raker spines, lacinia mobilis large, strongly toothed; right mandible with 11 raker spines, lacinia mobilis small, strongly dentate. Upper lip asymmetrically lobate, anterior margin setose. Lower lip inner lobes fused, setose; outer lobes with moderate gape, anterior margins setose. Maxilla 1 palp 1–articulate with 4 distal setae; outer plate with 4 distal robust setae and 10 distal setae. Maxilla 2 inner plate with 7 robust distal setae; outer plate with 3 robust distal setae and 16 slender distal marginal setae. Maxilliped inner plates distal margin with a v-shaped indentation, with short and long serrate robust setae; outer plate inner margin smooth, reaching 0.2 × palp article 1, with simple marginal setae, facial setae absent; palp article 2 with setulate-serrate marginal setae; article 4 subequal in length with article 3, distally acute.
Pereon. Coxae 1–4 relative widths 1.0: 1.2: 0.8: 1.3. Gnathopod 1 coxa smooth, with tiny marginal setae, anterodistal margin produced, rounded, distal margin straight, posterior margin excavate, facial setae absent; basis linear, anterior margin with 3 setae, posterior margin with 1 seta; ischium bare; carpus linear, distal length 12.8 × width, proximal margin dentate, distal margin with 2 short setae; propodus straight, palm dentate with 4 long and 8 short distal setae; dactylus smooth, reaching 0.5 × propodus length. Gnathopod 2 coxa broader than long, subequal in size with coxa 3, smooth, with tiny marginal setae, anterior margin rounded, anterodistally rounded, distal margin straight, posterior margin straight, facial setae absent; basis distally expanded, anterior margin with 7 long setae, posterior margin with 3 setae, posteromedial margin with 1 long seta; ischium with distal, posterior, and posterodistal setae; carpus 0.4 × propodus length, curved, distally tapered, anterior margin smooth; propodus with 1 mediofacial setal row displaced to midline, reaching 0.8 × propodus length, with 1 row of submarginal setae, posterior margin smooth, palm convex, dentate; dactylus curved, proximal margin smooth with 2 setae, anterior margin distally acute, reaching 0.8 × propodus length. Pereopod 3 coxa length 1.4 × width, anterodistal corner overriding distal face of coxa 2 and extending below it, smooth, with tiny marginal setae, anterior margin straight, distal margin slightly convex, posterior margin straight, facial setae absent. Pereopod 4 coxa smooth, bare, anterior margin straight, distal margin evenly rounded, posterior margin tapered, facial setae absent. Pereopods 5 and 7 coxae facial setae present, pereopod 6 coxa facial setae absent. Pereopods 5–7 bases width length ratios 1: 1.3, 1: 1.1, 1: 1.1, posterior margins smooth, setose.
Pleon. Epimera 1 and 3 bare, epimeron 2 with ventral setae; epimeron 3 posteroventral corner subquadrate. Uropods 1–3 relative lengths 1.0: 0.8: 1.1. Uropod 1 peduncle and inner ramus 0.8 × inner ramus length; inner ramus with 2 robust setae, outer ramus with 1 robust seta. Uropod 2 peduncle 0.6 × inner ramus length, outer ramus 0.9 × inner ramus length; inner and outer rami each with 1 robust seta. Uropod 3 peduncle 1.1 × inner ramus length, outer ramus length 0.9 × inner ramus length; inner and outer rami lined with short marginal setae, inner ramus with 1 robust seta, outer ramus with 2 robust setae. Telson 2.1 × longer than wide, apex weakly tridentate.
Female (sexually dimorphic characters).
Gnathopod 1 basis anterior margin with 1 seta, posterior margin with 2 setae; carpus distal margin with 1 short seta; propodus palm with 2 long and 7 short distal setae; dactylus with 2 proximal setae. Gnathopod 2 basis anterior margin with 4 long setae, posterior margin with 2 setae, posteromedial margin with 1 medium seta; carpus anterior margin dentate.

Etymology

Named for Dr. Daisuke Ueno, who collected the type specimens of this species. Dr. Ueno has shared valuable specimens and collection locations on Okinawa–jima Island.

Ecology

In canals of large white ball sponge, Tetillidae, RUMF-ZP-11, KNWOkinawa40E (Figure 24I); and among coral rubble.

Relationships

Leucothoe daisukei sp. n. is similar to Leucothoe madrasana Sivaprakasam, 1969 in having a subquadrate anterodistal head margin and gnathopod 1 dactylus reaching greater than 0.2 × propodus length. Leucothoe daisukei sp. n. differs from this species in having a rounded anterior head margin, 1–articulate maxilla 1 palp, a smooth gnathopod 1 carpus proximal margin, and a tapered gnathopod 2 carpus distal margin.

Remarks

Leucothoe daisukei sp. n. is peach in color, darkest along pereonite edges (Figure 23F). This species has been collected only on Ishigaki–jima Island and from 30 meters on the west coast of Okinawa–jima Island, Okinawa.

Distribution

East China Sea: Okinawa–jima Island, Ishigaki–jima Island (both Okinawa), Japan.

Original Description

  • White, K; Reimer, J; 2012: Commensal Leucothoidae (Crustacea, Amphipoda) of the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. Part II: sponge-dwellers ZooKeys, 166: 1-58. doi

Images

Other References

  1. Lendenfeld R (1897) Spongien von Sansibar. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 21: 93-133.
  2. Duchassaing De Fondbressin P, Michelotti G (1864) Spongiaires de la mer Caraibe. Natuurkundige verhandelingen van de Hollandsche maatschappij der wetenschappen te Haarlem 21 (2): 1-124.
  3. Thiele J (1903) Kieselschwämme von Ternate. II. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 25: 933-968.
  4. Sollas W (1886) Preliminary account of the Tetractinellid sponges Dredged by H.M.S. ‘Challenger’ 1872–76. Part I. The Choristida. Scientific Proceedings of the Royal Dublin Society (new series) 5: 177-199.