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Zambion broadi can be distinguished from all other Zambion spp. by combination of all of the following characters: 1) mesopleuron completely black (without yellow) (Fig. 9); 2) supra-antennal horn long and sub-parallel-sided in dorsal view (Fig. 21), 1.2 times as long as pedicel at midheight in lateral view; 3) propodeum orange (not black) (Fig. 9).
Adult. Male. Fore wing length 6.4 mm. Clypeus separated from supraclypeal area by a strong groove. Malar space 0.4 times basal width of mandible. Supraclypeal area 1.9 times as wide as high (Fig. 15), dorsomedially without a short, narrow, longitudinal lamella between the antenna. Supra-antennal horn long and sub-parallel-sided in dorsal view (Fig. 21), 1.2 times as long as width of pedicel at midheight in lateral view. Ocello-ocular distance 2.1 times ocellar diameter. Gena 0.6 times transverse diameter of the eye. Flagellum with 30 segments.
Notaulus present, but weak (Fig. 29). Epicnemial carina medially curving away from anterior edge of mesopleuron near ventral corner of pronotum (similar to Zambion wahli shown in Fig. 33). Scutellum with lateral carinae at base only. Medial longitudinal carinae of propodeum absent anterior to posterior transverse carina. Posterior transverse carina incomplete medially. Carina extending from pleural carina to propodeal spiracle absent. Posterior transverse carina of propodeum with lateral abscissa strongly curving posteriorly where it joins pleural carina, point of union at about 0.2 distance from posterior end of pleural carina to propodeal spiracle (Fig. 37). Ventral transverse carina extending from metasomal foramen to pleural carina present (Fig. 37). Fore tibia apical point not examined (both fore tibiae absent). Hind femur 3.6 times as long as medial width. Hind tarsal claw pectinate to 0.4 times length of claw. Angulation of fore wing vein 2m-cu strong.
Tergite 1 of metasoma 1.2 times as long as apical width. Dorsal longitudinal carinae of T1 extending to about level of spiracle (0.4 length of tergite), dorsolateral longitudinal carinae present only as a short stub bifurcating near base of dorsal longitudinal carina.
Black. Apical half of clypeus, glossa, apex of scutellum, propodeum, metasoma, except as noted below, orange. Tegula, coxae, apical 0.2 of hind tibia, hind tarsus except basal 0.3 of basal tarsomere, T2+ in spots laterally and sublaterally, T5 to T6 medially and hypopygium brown. Palpi, hind trochanter, femur, basal 0.8 of hind tibia and basal 0.3 of basal tarsomere, sternites and gonoforceps brownish yellow. Note that the distinction between orange and brownish yellow is not always clear. The hind leg is slightly more yellowish than the propodeum, the latter being slightly more yellow (and slightly less orange) than the scutellum and tergites. Membrane of fore wing uniformly, moderately infumate (Fig. 9). Body covered with dense golden setae.
Holotype: ♂, Label 1: BRIT. E. AFRICA [KENYA], 30 miles from Magadi Junc., April.1912, F.G. Hamilton. Label 2: 1915-98. [NHM]. Condition: right flagellum with only basal 15 flagellomeres, left flagellum with basal 5 flagellomeres attached, fore and middle legs missing except for coxae, left flagellomeres 6 to 15 and right hind leg glued on card below specimen.
This species is named in honour of Dr. Gavin Broad (NHM) in recognition of his contributions to ichneumonid taxonomy and for finding the type specimen of this species within the unidentified ichneumonids of the Natural History Museum, London.
Zambion broadi is most closely related to Zambion wahli as noted under the comments for that species. The differences are the colour of the propodeum (compare Figs 8 and 9), the shape and location of the lateral abscissa of the posterior transverse carina of the propodeum, and the complete lack of the medial longitudinal carina dorsal to the posterior transverse carina of the propodeum in Zambion broadi (present, but incomplete in Zambion wahli). It is possible that Zambion broadi is conspecific with Zambion wahli, but we think this unlikely given the difference in both colour and propodeal carination. When both of these characters differ in related taxa, it is a good indicator that two species are present (e.g., in Dyspetes Förster) (He and Wan 1987).
- Bennett, A; Barnes, D; 2011: Revision of the world species of Zambion (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Tryphoninae) ZooKeys, 159: 19-48. doi
- He J, Wan X (1987) Descriptions of five new species of the genus Dyspetes (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 12: 89-92. [in Chinese with English summary.]