Typhochlaena paschoali

From Species-ID
Jump to: navigation, search
Notice: This page is derived from the original publication listed below, whose author(s) should always be credited. Further contributors may edit and improve the content of this page and, consequently, need to be credited as well (see page history). Any assessment of factual correctness requires a careful review of the original article as well as of subsequent contributions.

If you are uncertain whether your planned contribution is correct or not, we suggest that you use the associated discussion page instead of editing the page directly.

This page should be cited as follows (rationale):
Bertani R (2012) Revision, cladistic analysis and biogeography of Typhochlaena C. L. Koch, 1850, Pachistopelma Pocock, 1901 and Iridopelma Pocock, 1901 (Araneae, Theraphosidae, Aviculariinae). ZooKeys 230 : 1–94, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.230.3500. Versioned wiki page: 2012-10-23, version 27953, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Typhochlaena_paschoali&oldid=27953 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

Citation formats to copy and paste

BibTeX:

@article{Bertani2012ZooKeys230,
author = {Bertani, Rogério},
journal = {ZooKeys},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {Revision, cladistic analysis and biogeography of Typhochlaena C. L. Koch, 1850, Pachistopelma Pocock, 1901 and Iridopelma Pocock, 1901 (Araneae, Theraphosidae, Aviculariinae)},
year = {2012},
volume = {230},
issue = {},
pages = {1--94},
doi = {10.3897/zookeys.230.3500},
url = {http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/3500/abstract},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2012-10-23, version 27953, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Typhochlaena_paschoali&oldid=27953 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}

}

RIS/ Endnote:

TY - JOUR
T1 - Revision, cladistic analysis and biogeography of Typhochlaena C. L. Koch, 1850, Pachistopelma Pocock, 1901 and Iridopelma Pocock, 1901 (Araneae, Theraphosidae, Aviculariinae)
A1 - Bertani R
Y1 - 2012
JF - ZooKeys
JA -
VL - 230
IS -
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.230.3500
SP - 1
EP - 94
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2012-10-23, version 27953, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Typhochlaena_paschoali&oldid=27953 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/zookeys.230.3500

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="Bertani2012ZooKeys230">{{Citation
| author = Bertani R
| title = Revision, cladistic analysis and biogeography of Typhochlaena C. L. Koch, 1850, Pachistopelma Pocock, 1901 and Iridopelma Pocock, 1901 (Araneae, Theraphosidae, Aviculariinae)
| journal = ZooKeys
| year = 2012
| volume = 230
| issue =
| pages = 1--94
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/zookeys.230.3500
| url = http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/3500/abstract
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2019-01-21

}} Versioned wiki page: 2012-10-23, version 27953, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Typhochlaena_paschoali&oldid=27953 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Taxonavigation

Ordo: Araneae
Familia: Theraphosidae
Genus: Typhochlaena

Name

Typhochlaena paschoali Bertani, 2012 sp. n.Wikispecies linkZooBank linkPensoft Profile

Diagnosis

The females differ from those of all other Typochlaena spp. by an almost straight, broad and short spermathecae, with a multilobular distal portion (Fig. 7). Male unknown. Additionally, females have cephalothorax and legs brown, abdomen black with dorsum with a central longitudinal white pattern having zigzag border (Fig. 27).

Etymology

The specific name is a patronym in honour of Elbano Paschoal de Figueiredo Moraes, a Brazilian environmentalist who was died early on April 2011. He was one of the founders of the NGO “GAMBA – Grupo Ambientalista da Bahia”, and was well known for his efforts in preserving Brazilian Atlantic rainforest remnants in the state of Bahia, Brazil.

Types

Holotype female and immature paratype, Brazil, state of Bahia, Camacan [15°24'S, 39°30'W], no further data (MNRJ 13723); Paratypes 1 female, 1 subadult male, 9 immatures, Brazil, state of Bahia, Jussari [15°10'S, 39°29'W], no further data (MNRJ 12928 – R2981).

Additional material examined

Brazil, Pernambuco: Tapera [8°23'S, 38°05'W], 1 female, no further data (MNRJ 13615) (probably mislabeled); Bahia: Uruçuca, Faz. S. Teresa [14°35'S, 39°17'W], 2 females, 1 immature, no further data (MNRJ 12919 – R 2955); (CEPLAC), 1 subadult male, N. Tingarine (MNRJ 13761).

Description

Holotype female (MNRJ 13723). Carapace 6.4 long, 6.0 wide, chelicerae 3.0. Legs (femur, patella, tibia, metatarsus, tarsus, total): I: 4.6, 3.3, 3.2, 2.4, 2.0, 15.5. II: 4.2, 2.8, 3.3, 2.4, 2.1, 14.8. III: 3.6, 2.6, 2.6, 2.5, 1.6, 12.9. IV: 4.6, 2.9, 3.7, 3.5, 1.8, 16.5. Palp: 3.5, 2.4, 2.1, –, 2.2, 10.2. Mid-widths (lateral): femora I –IV = 1.5, 1.5, 1.4, 1.3, palp = 0.9; patellae I–IV = 1.3, 1.4, 1.3, 1.3, palp = 1.2; tibiae I–IV = 1.3, 1.3, 1.2, 1.1, palp = 1.1; metatarsi I–IV = 1.3, 1.2, 0.9, 0.8; tarsi I–IV = 1.2, 1.1, 0.9, 0.7, palp = 1.2. Abdomen 6.4 long, 4.7 wide. Spinnerets: PMS, 0.5 long, 0.4 wide, 0.1 apart; PLS, 0.9 basal, 0.5 middle, 0.5 domed distal; mid-widths (lateral), 0.7, 0.6, 0.4, respectively. Carapace: length to width 1.0. Fovea 1.5 wide. Eyes: tubercle 0.1 high, 1.1 long, 1.8 wide. Clypeus 0.2. Anterior eye row procurved, posterior slightly recurved. Eye sizes and inter-distances: AME 0.3, ALE 0.4, PME 0.2, PLE 0.3, AME–AME 0.4, AME–ALE 0.2, AME–PME 0.2, ALE–ALE 1.3, ALE–PME 0.3, PME–PME 1.1, PME–PLE 0.1, PLE–PLE 1.5, ALE–PLE 0.3, AME–PLE 0.4. Ratio of eye group width to length 2.4. Maxillae: length to width: 1.7. Cuspules: 64 spread over ventral inner heel. Labium: 0.9 long, 1.3 wide, with 76 cuspules spaced by one diameter from each other on the anterior half. Labio-sternal groove shallow, flat, sigilla not evident. Chelicerae: basal segments with 8 teeth having similar size and well spaced from each other. Sternum: 3.1 long, 3.0 wide. Legs: leg formula: IV I II III. Scopula: tarsi I–III fully scopulate, IV divided by row of 6 setae. Metatarsi I–II 4/5 scopulate; III 2/3, IV 1/4 distal scopulate. IV divided by six wide row of setae. Spines: two apical spines on ventral metatarsus IV. Urticating hairs type II (0.32 to 0.4 long, 0.01 wide) on the abdomen dorsum. Genitalia: paired broad spermathecae very slightly curved outwards, ending in multilobular apex (Fig. 7). Color pattern (preserved in alcohol): carapace and chelicerae brown. Legs and palps light brown, except for tarsi and metatarsi I–III and tarsi of palp and leg IV, darker. Coxae, maxillae and labium light brown. Sternum dark brown. Longitudinal stripes on dorsum of femora, patellae, tibiae and metatarsi inconspicuous. Distal femora, patellae, tibiae and metatarsi with white rings. Abdomen black, dorsum with a central longitudinal white pattern having zigzag border. Cephalic area and chelicerae with long stiff setae. Abdomen dorsum with several scattered, very long, white guard-hairs (Fig. 27).

Distribution

Known from southern state of Bahia, Brazil. A single record for Tapera, in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil is probably a label mistake (Fig. 28).

Natural history

No data available.

Original Description

  • Bertani, R; 2012: Revision, cladistic analysis and biogeography of Typhochlaena C. L. Koch, 1850, Pachistopelma Pocock, 1901 and Iridopelma Pocock, 1901 (Araneae, Theraphosidae, Aviculariinae) ZooKeys, 230: 1-94. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.230.3500

Images