Selenops lindborgi

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Crews S (2011) A revision of the spider genus Selenops Latreille, 1819 (Arachnida, Araneae, Selenopidae) in North America, Central America and the Caribbean. ZooKeys 105 : 1–182, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2011-06-14, version 11047, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Selenops_lindborgi&oldid=11047 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

Citation formats to copy and paste

BibTeX:

@article{Crews2011ZooKeys105,
author = {Crews, Sarah C.},
journal = {ZooKeys},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {A revision of the spider genus Selenops Latreille, 1819 (Arachnida, Araneae, Selenopidae) in North America, Central America and the Caribbean},
year = {2011},
volume = {105},
issue = {},
pages = {1--182},
doi = {10.3897/zookeys.105.724},
url = {http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/724/abstract},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2011-06-14, version 11047, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Selenops_lindborgi&oldid=11047 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}

}

RIS/ Endnote:

TY - JOUR
T1 - A revision of the spider genus Selenops Latreille, 1819 (Arachnida, Araneae, Selenopidae) in North America, Central America and the Caribbean
A1 - Crews S
Y1 - 2011
JF - ZooKeys
JA -
VL - 105
IS -
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.105.724
SP - 1
EP - 182
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2011-06-14, version 11047, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Selenops_lindborgi&oldid=11047 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/zookeys.105.724

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="Crews2011ZooKeys105">{{Citation
| author = Crews S
| title = A revision of the spider genus Selenops Latreille, 1819 (Arachnida, Araneae, Selenopidae) in North America, Central America and the Caribbean
| journal = ZooKeys
| year = 2011
| volume = 105
| issue =
| pages = 1--182
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/zookeys.105.724
| url = http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/724/abstract
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2020-10-28

}} Versioned wiki page: 2011-06-14, version 11047, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Selenops_lindborgi&oldid=11047 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Taxonavigation

Ordo: Araneae
Familia: Selenopidae
Genus: Selenops

Name

Selenops lindborgi Petrunkevitch, 1926Wikispecies linkPensoft Profile

  • Selenops lindborgi Petrunkevitch 1926[1]: 55, fig. 16 (♀, examined).
  • Selenops lindborgi:Petrunkevitch 1930[2]: 38, figs 28–29 (♀).
  • Selenops longipes Petrunkevitch 1930[2]: 36, figs 26–27 (♂).
  • Selenops lindborgi:Bryant 1942[3]: 349, figs 29, 37 (♂, ♀).
  • Selenops lindborgi:Muma 1953[4]: 34, figs 57–59 (♂, ♀).

Type material

Holotype female: Santa Maria Bay, St. Thomas, Virgin Islands, under bark, 28.VII.1925 (MCZ).

Note

Muma (1953: 35) designated a male specimen from Christiansted, St. Croix, United States Virgin Islands (MCZ) as an ‘allotype'.

Other material examined

BAHAMAS: Great Inagua: Man O' War Bay, 21°04'30.2"N, 73°38'36.7"W, ~4 m, 16.V.2006, dry forest with limestone rocks, S. Crews, under bark, SCC06_007, 1♂ (CAS sel_316); Old Aerostat Base, 21°06'06.7"N, 73°39'01.9"W, ~2 m, 16.V.2006, S. Crews, under bark of Casuarina, SCC06_008, 2 imm. (CAS sel_317-318). BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS: Anegada: west end, 4.VI.1966, Island Project Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1♂ (AMNH). Dead Man's Chest: 26.V.1966, Island Project Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1♂, 2 imm. (AMNH). Guana Island: north side of island near beach house, 18°28.793'N, 64°34.473'W, 18.X.2004, S. Crews, D. Hamilton, on outside of house, during day, SCC04_047, 2♀, 2 imm. (EME sel_071, 081, 085, 122); south side of island near club house, trees near salt pond, 18°28.619'N, 64°34.475'W, 18.X.2004, S. Crews, D. Hamilton, SCC04_046; 4 imm. (CAS sel_079, 084, 086, 087). Island #9: Spaghetti Key, Island Project Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1♂. Island #16: Julie Key, 12-16.I.1966, Island Project Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1♂ (AMNH). Cooper Island, 23.V.1966, Island Project Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1♀, 2 imm. (AMNH). Ginger Island: 25.V.1966, Island Project Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1♀ (AMNH). Great Tobago Island: 2.IV.1966, Island Project Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1♀, 3 imm. (AMNH). Little Jost Van Dyke: 27.VII.1965, Island Project Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1♀, 1 imm. (AMNH). Little Tobago: 4.IV.1966, Island Project Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1♀ (AMNH). Norman Island: 26.V.1966, Island Project Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1♀, 1 imm. (AMNH). Peter Island: 9.VII.1965, Island Project Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1♀ (AMNH); 12.V.1966, P. Chubb, 1♂ (AMNH). Sandy Key: near Tortola, 31.VIII.1965, H., A. Heatwole, 1♀, 1♂ (AMNH). Tortola: vic. Sage Mountain, down road from park entrance, out of park, 20.X.2004, S. Crews, D. Hamilton, under concrete block on porch, SCC04_049, 1p♂ (MUS sel_078). Virgin Gorda: Virgin Gorda Mountain, 26.VI.1966, Island Project Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1♂, 1♀; lower trail up to Gorda Peak, along trail, 18°28.774'N, 64°24.210'W, ~300 m, 19.X.2004, S. Crews, SCC04_048, 1 p♂, 6 imm. (EME sel_073-075, 083, 089, 096, 109). DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: La Altagracia: Parque del Este, Boca de Yuma, 18°21.875' N, 68°37.080' W, 29-30.XI.2004, S. Crews, under bark along trail, on ranger's station at night, SCC04_089, 3 imm. (EME sel_195-196, 216); Parque del Este, Guaraguao, 18°19.968'N, 68°48.709'W, 30.XI.2004, sea level, S. Crews, under bark, dry limestone forest, SCC04_090., 2♀, 2♂, 4 imm. (EME sel_200-207); Punta Cana Resort, 5-9.VII.2006, S. Crews, L. Mahler, on trees at night, SCC06_066, 1♂ (MNHNSD sel_529). Samaná: Las Terrenas, 28.VII.2006, sea level, 19.32364°N, 69.53108°W, L. Mahler, under bark, 2♀ (MNHNSD sel_590, 592). San Cristóbal: Borbon Cuevas Pomier, 200 m, 28.VII-5.VIII 1995, S.,J. Peck, tropical deciduous forest, 1♂ (AMNH). PUERTO RICO: Arecibo: Arenalejos, Carretera 657, km 1.9, 18°25'15.9"N, 66°40'35.2"W, 141 m, saw several egg sacs, 7.VI.2006, S. Crews, A. Puente-Rolón, M. Nevaraez, under bark of Krugiodendrum ferreum, and Buersera simaruba, SCC06_035, 3♂, 1♀ (CAS sel_392-393, 397-398); between Barceloneta and Arecibo, Bosque Cambalacheo, 18°27'07.0"N, 66°35'49.9"W, 9.VI.2006, S. Crews, O. Monzon, under bark of Bursera and surrounding trees, dry forest, SCC06_041; 2 imms. (EME sel_421-422). Blanquilla: 29.X.1964, H. Heatwole, R. Levins, F. McKenzie, 1♀, 3 imm. (AMNH). Cayo Caracoles: 6.I.1966, Island Project Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1♀ (AMNH). Ceiva: Los Corchos, 18°12'13.8"N, 65°40'06.5"W, sea level-3 m, 8.VI.2006, S. Crews, O. Monzon, SCC06_040, 2 imm. (CAS sel_416, 418). Culebra: 19.VII.1965, F. McKenzie, 1♀ (AMNH); Brava Beach Trail, 18°19'38.9"N, 65°16'54.1"W, ~9 m, 12.VI.2006, S. Crews, G. Olivieri, dry forest, under bark, SCC06_053, 2♀, 2 imm. (EME sel_486-489); Monte Resaca, 18°19'20.7"N, 65°18'10.5"W, ~146 m, 12.VI.2006, under bark, S. Crews, G. Olivieri, SCC06_052, 1♂, 5 imm. (CAS sel_480-484). Fajardo: Seven Seas Public Beach, 18°22'03.7"N, 65°38'04.9"W, sea level–2 m, 8.VI.2006, S. Crews, O. Monzon, dry coastal forest, under bark, SCC06_039, 2♀, 1♂, 1 imm. (EME sel_406, 408, 410, 412-414). Fundillo Espinoso: 1-10.I.1966, Island Project Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1♀, 1 imm. (AMNH). Guanica: Punta Ballenas, 17°57'13.6"N, 66°50'57.8"W, ~14 m, 10.VI.2006, dry coastal forest, thorn scrub, S. Crews, A. Puente-Rolón, SCC06_047, 2♂, 5 imm. (CAS sel_454-460). Humacao: Barrio Collores, 11.VI.2006, S. Vega, under bark of mahogany, SCC06_051, 3 imm. (EME sel_469, 472, 476). Isábela: Bosque de Guajataca, 18°25'16.7"N, 66°57'58.0"W, ~47 m, 9.VI.2006, S. Crews, O. Monzon, under bark of dead tree, SCC06_044, 1 imm. (CAS sel_433). Isla Cabeza de Perro: 16.I.1965, H. Heatwole, F. McKenzie, 1♂, 3 imm. (AMNH). Isla Icacos: north part of island, 31.V.1964, H. Heatwole, Torres, 2♀ (MCZ). Isla Romero: 12-15.I.1966, Island Project Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1♀ (AMNH); Isleta Marina: 17.III.1965, H. Heatwole, R. Levins, F. McKenzie, 1♂ (AMNH). Isla Mayaguez: 6-9.I.1966, Island Project Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1♂, 1♀, 2 imm. (AMNH). Isla Palominitos: 17.II.1966, H. Heatwole, F. McKenzie, 1♀, 1 imm. (AMNH); Loiza: Punta Vacia, Talega, 18°27'03.8"N, 65°54'16.7"W, ~3 m, 8.VI.2006, S.Crews, O. Monzon, under bark of Bursera and sea grape, SCC06_038, 2♂, 4♀ (EME sel_399-404). Manuabo: Mariani Creek, 18°00'29.7"N, 65°52'17.0"W, ~34 m, 11.VI.2006, under bark, S. Crews, A. Puente-Rolón, SCC06_050, 1♀, 2 imm. (CAS sel_465-466, 468). Maricao: Bosque Estatl de Maricao, 18°08'51.2"N, 66°59'35.0"W, ~700-800 m, 10.VI.2006, S. Crews, A. Puente-Rolón, under rocks, SCC06_045, 2♀, 3 imm. (EME sel_427, 434, 436-437, 439). Quebradillas: Merendero de Guajataca, 18°29'23.7" N, 66°56'59.4" W, ~ 46 m, 9.VI.2006, S. Crews, O. Monzon, under bark of Bursera, Casuarina, sea grape, SCC06_043, 1♂ (EME sel_427). Sabana Grande: Susúa State Forest, 18°04'15.0"N, 66°54'31.6"W, ~207 m, 10.VI.2006, S. Crews, A. Puente- Rolón, dry serpentine forest, under rocks, SCC06_046, 1p♂, 4 imm. (CAS sel_444, 446-447, 450). Salinas: Reserva Jobos, Parque Jagüeys, 17°57'13.9"N, 66°15'03.5"W, ~28 m, 11.VI.2006, S. Crews, A. Puente-Rolón, under bark of burned Acacia, SCC06_049, 1♀ (EME sel_464). Vieques: Entrada Caño Hondo NR, Puerta Mosquito, 18°06'11.0"N, 65°27'05.5"W, sea level, 19.VI.2006, S. Crews, E. Bermudez, Acacia wetland, SCC06_061, 4 imm. (CAS sel 504-506, 508); entrance to Caño Hondo NR, off road 997, km 5, 18°06'47.6"N, 65°27'13.0"W, ~6 m, 19.VI.2006, S. Crews, E. Bermudez, under bark, SCC06_062, 1 imm. (EME sel_512); Playa Caracas-Laguna Puerto Ferro, Refugio Nacional de Vida Silvestre de Vieques, 18°06'24.5"N, 65°25'25.8"W, ~6 m, 19.VI.2006, S. Crews, E. Bermudez, under bark, SCC06_063, 1♂, 2 imm. (CAS sel_513-515); Ruinas Central Playa Grande, 18°05'43.2"N, 65°31'13.2"W, ~26 m, 19.VI.2006, S. Crews, E. Bermudez, under bark, SCC06_064, 1♀, 3 imm. (EME sel_516-518, 521). ST. KITTS AND NEVIS: St. Kitts: Major's Bay, 17°13'37.9"N, 62°38'49.3"W, sea level, 24.II.2007, S. Crews, under bark, SCC07_032, 1♀, 2 imm. (CAS, sel_750-752); SE Peninsula off Dr. Kennedy Simmons Hwy @ Sand Bank Bay, 17°14'59.1"N, 62°38'40.8"W, 24.II.2007, S. Crews, under bark in forest, debris on beach, SCC07_031, 2♀, 4 imm. (EME sel_743, 745-749). Nevis: Round Hill entrance to Mt. Nevis, main road toward Cottle Church, dry forest, some palms, 23.II.2006, S. Crews, under bark, lots of egg sacs everywhere, SCC07_029, 1♀, 4 imm. (CAS sel_735-739); Tamarind Bay, Galliput Restaurant, 23.II.2006, S. Crews, SCC07_030, under rock and under bark of tamarind tree, 1♀, 2 imm. (EME sel_740-742). UNITED STATES VIRGIN ISLANDS: Buck Island: 14-16.XII.1966, Island Project Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1♂ (AMNH). St. Croix: Butler Bay, west shore road, 17°45'49.7"N, 64°52'58.8"W, sea level, 14.VI.2006, S. Crews, C. Niebuhr, under bark of sea grape, SCC06_054, 1♀, 2 imm. (CAS sel_490-493); Christianstead, H.A. Beatty (MCZ); Radio Telescope Station, east island, 17°45.398'N, 64°35.045'W, 18.XI.2004, S. Crews, under bark of tamarind tree, several egg sacs, geckos, centipedes, tenebrionids, SCC04_072, 1 imm. (EME sel_527); road from Creque Dam to Mahogany Road, intersecting Mt. Victory Camp, 17°44'27.1"N, 64°51'25.4"W, ~21 m, 14.VI.2006, S. Crews, C. Niebuhr, under bark of Bursera,SCC06_057, 1♀ (CAS sel_501); Sprat Hall Beach, Rte 63, Fredericksted, 17°44'09.8"N, 64°53'24.0"W, sea level, 14.VI.2006, S. Crews, C. Niebuhr, under bark of sea grape on beach, SCC06_056, 4 imm. (EME sel_497-500); Sprat Hall Hill, west shore road, 1st right after old sub tracking station, 17°44'38.4"N, 64°53'22.3"W, ~54 m, 14.VI.2006, S. Crews, C. Niebuhr, on landscape plants around house, SCC06_055, 3 imm. (CAS sel_494-496); summer 1941, H.A. Beatty, 1♂ (MCZ); summer 1941, H.A. Beatty, 1♀ (AMNH). St. John: Lind Point Trail, sunny to very dry area, 22.III.1970, H.L., F., Levi, 1♀ (AMNH); John's Folly, 20.III.1970, H.L, F. Levi, 1♂, 1♀ (AMNH); 18-29.III.1970, H.L, F. Levi, among coral and debris under sea grape, 1♀, 1 imm. (AMNH); USVINP, Bordeaux Ridge Road, 18°20.125'N, 64°43.672'W, ~377 m, 17.XI.2004, S. Crews, under bark, SCC04_071, 1 ♂, 3 imm. (CAS sel_140-142, 157); Bordeaux Ridge Road, 27.III.1970, L., H.L. Levi, vegetation in forest, 1♀ (MCZ); USVINP, Cinnamon Bay Loop Trail, 18°21.226'N, 64°45.259'W, ~50 m, 16-17.XI.2004, S. Crews, under bark of bay trees, SCC04_070, 1♂, 1 imm. (EME sel_126-127); USVINP, Leinster Bay Trail, 18°21.825'N, 64°43.743'W, ~9 m, 16.XI.2004, S. Crews, under bark and rocks, SCC04_069, 3♂, 1 imm. (CAS sel_136-139); Leinster Bay, 13.VI.1986, W.B. Muchmore, under rock, 1♀ (FSU SJ80-1); Reef Bay, 12.VI.1979, W.B. Muchmore, under bark, 1♀ (FSU WM5450); Lameshur Bay, 26.V.1979, W.B. Muchmore, under bark, 1♂ (FSU WM5443). St. Thomas: Benner Hill, above armory, 18°19.533'N, 64°51.703'W, ~82 m, 19.XI.2004, S. Crews, R. Platenberg, under bark and rocks, SCC04_074, 4 imm. (EME sel_123, 132-134); Estate Nazareth, East End, Dolphin House, 18°19.128'N, 64°51.567'W, ~82 m, 19.XI.2004, S. Crews, R. Platenberg, SCC04_076, 5 imm. (CAS sel_143-147); Perseverance, Perseverance Bay Trail, 18°21.463'N, 64°59.753'W, 22.X.2004, S. Crews. R. Platenberg, under bark of Meliococcus bijugatus, SCC04_050, 1 imm. (EME sel_076); Magen's Bay Trail, 18°21.332'N, 64°55.220'W, ~150 m, 19.XI.2004, S. Crews, R. Platenberg, on palms and under bark, one eating termite, SCC04_073, 1♂, 5 imms. (CAS sel_124-125, 128-130, 164) Magen's Bay, top of trail, 18°21.350'N, 64°55.231'W, 22.X.2004, S. Crews, R. Platenberg, under rock, SCC04_052, 1 imm. (EME sel_077); St. Peter House, 24.X.2004, under plastic tub, R. Platenberg, SCC04_075, 1♀ (CAS sel_131).

Diagnosis

Females can be separated from other species by the oval spermathecae arising from coiled ducts (Figs 89–90). Males can be separated from other species by the very short embolus located posteromedially, and the MA which is almost as long as the embolus (Figs 91–92).

Remarks

Despite the large distribution this species occupies, little to no variation was noticed in size or in genitalic morphology.

Description

Male from Christiansted, St. Croix, Muma's ‘allotype': Color: carapace (‘allotype') orange-brown, no markings (recent) yellow-brown, with dark markings medially, laterally and mediolaterally; sternum (“allotype") light orange-yellow, darker around border, (recent) dusky yellow, darker around border; chelicerae (“allotype") brown, darker laterally (recent) light medial part same color as carapace, surrounded by brown area; maxillae (“allotype") light orange-brown, lightening distally (recent) dusky yellow; labium (“allotype") orange-brown (recent) brown lightening distally; abdomen dorsally (“allotype") grey to cream with some dark flecks, dark laterocaudal festoon present (recent) grey-yellow with darker grey median lanceolate stripe which becomes 2 slightly curved lines ¾ length to the caudal margin, one thicker lateral line below these, entire abdomen with lots of dark flecks, five light tufts of setae caudally that stand erect in life over dark background, forming a more pointed festoon area; abdomen ventrally (“allotype") light yellow (recent) dusky yellow-grey; legs (“allotype") orange-brown with annulations distinct (recent) legs dusky yellow with dark brown-black annulations, that are sometimes not distinct and the ‘stripe' on anteroventral face, looks as though it is made up of multiple spots rather than a solid stripe. Carapace:0.93 times longer than broad. Eyes:AER slightly recurved; PER recurved; PME larger than AME, PLE largest, ALE smallest; eye diameters, AME 0.15, ALE 0.05, PME 0.23, PLE 0.33; interdistances AME-PME 0.03, PME-ALE 0.23, ALE-PLE 0.23. PME-PME 1.00. ALE-ALE 1.73; ocular quadrangle AME-AME 0.30, PLE-PLE 1.63; clypeus 0.05 high. Mouthparts:chelicerae with a few stout setae medially and anteriorly; promargin with 3 teeth, retromargin with 2 teeth. Sternum:as long as broad, posteriorly indented. Legs:leg I only slightly shorter than II and III; leg formula 23,1=4; scopulae present on distal end of all 4 tarsi; tarsi I-IV with strong claw tufts; pr claw per foot slightly toothed; spination: leg I, Fm pr 1–1–1, d 1–1–1, rl 1–1–1; Ti pr 1–0–1, rl 1–0–1, d 1–1–0, v 2–2–2; Mt pr 1–1–0, rl 1–1–0, v 2–2; leg II, Fm pr 1–1–1, d 1–1–1, rl 1–1–1; Ti pr 1–0–1, d 1–1–0, rl 1–0–1, v 2–2–2; Mt pr 1–1–0, rl 1–0–0, v 2–2; leg III, Fm pr 1–1–1, d 1–1–1, rl 1–1–1; Ti pr 1–0–1, rl 1–0–1, d 1–0–0, v 2–2; Mt pr 1–1–0, rl 1–0–0, v 2–2; leg IV, Fm pr 1–1–1, d 1–1–1, rl 1–1–1; Ti pr 1–0–1, rl 1–0–1, d 1–0–0, v 2–2; Mt pr 1–1–0, rl 1–1–0, v 2–1–1. Abdomen: with terminal setal tufts. Pedipalp:Fm, d 0–1–4; cymbium oval in ventral view, slightly angled posterolaterally; conductor large angulate structure arising mediolaterally, curving around into large hook, pointed distally; embolus short, slightly sinuate, tapering from base, directed anteriorly, starting at 7 o'clock, terminating at 9 o'clock; MA arising at 5 o'clock, directed distally, narrow, long base curving to small single hook; RTA with one apophysis, small, wide, quadrate with thornlike point along the anterior margin; tibial apophyses barely reaching cymbium in ventral view (Figs 91–92). Dimensions: Total length 6.50. Carapace length 3.28, width 3.53. Abdomen length 3.23, width 2.25. Pedipalp: Fm 0.85, Pt 0.25, Ti 0.30, Ta 0.75, total 2.15. Leg I: Fm 5.00, Pt 1.60, Ti 4.75, Mt 4.75, Ta 1.90, total 18.00. Leg II: Fm 5.50, Pt 1.75, Ti 5.00, Mt 5.00, Ta 2.00, total 19.25. Leg III: Fm 5.50, Pt 1.50, Ti 4.60, Mt 4.95, Ta 2.00, total 18.55. Leg IV: Fm 5.50, Pt 1.50, Ti 4.50, Mt 4.75, Ta 1.75, total 18.00.
Holotype female: color:carapace (holotype) orange-brown, no markings (recent) yellow-brown, with dark markings medially, laterally and mediolaterally; sternum (holotype) orange-brown, darker around border (recent) yellow, darker around border; chelicerae (holotype) brown, darker laterally (recent) light medial part same color as carapace, surrounded by darker brown area; maxillae (holotype) light orange-brown, lightening distally (recent) dusky yellow; labium (holotype) orange-brown (recent) brown, lightening distally; abdomen dorsally (holotype) grey to cream with some dark flecks, dark laterocaudal festoon present (recent) grey-yellow with darker grey median lanceolate stripe that becomes 2 slightly curved lines ¾ length toward the posterior end of the abdomen, one thicker lateral line below these, entire abdomen with lots of dark flecks, five light tufts of setae caudally that stand erect in life over dark background, forming a more pointed festoon area; ventrally (type) light yellow (recent) dusky yellow-grey; legs (type) orange-brown with annulations distinct (recent) dusky yellow with dark brown to black annulations. Carapace: 0.91 times longer than broad. Eyes:AER nearly straight; PER recurved; PME larger than AME, PLE largest, ALE smallest; eye diameters, AME 0.15, ALE 0.10, PME 0.26, PLE 0.33; interdistances AME-PME 0.03, PME-ALE 0.30, ALE-PLE 0.30. PME-PME 1.00. ALE-ALE 1.95; ocular quadrangle AME-AME 0.30, PLE-PLE 1.88; clypeus 0.05 high. Mouthparts:chelicerae with a few stout setae medially and anteriorly; maxillae longer than broad, with tuft of conspicuous setae distally; labium distally rounded. Sternum:1.17 times longer than broad, posteriorly indented. Legs:leg I only slightly shorter than legs II, III and IV; leg formula 2134; scopulae present on tarsi of all legs and metatarsi of legs I and II; tarsi I-IV with strong claw tufts; pr claw per foot slightly toothed; spination: leg I, Fm pr 1–1–0, d 1–1–1, rl 0–0–1; Ti d 0, v 2–2–2; Mt v 2–2; leg II, Fm pr 1–1–0, d 1–1–1, rl 0–0–1; Ti v 2–2–2; Mt v 2–2; leg III, Fm pr 1–1–0, d 1–1–1, rl 0–0–1; Ti v 2–2–0; Mt v 2–1; leg IV, Fm pr 1–0–0 (L), 1–1–0 (R), d 1–1–1, rl 0–0–1; Ti v 2–1; Mt v 1–1. Abdomen:with terminal setal tufts. Pedipalp:claw with ca. 6 teeth. Epigyne:median field depressed, lateral lobes meet at posterior margin, genital openings located just anterior to lobes, epigynal pockets absent; internally, openings lead to coiled ducts and oval spermathecae located laterally, fertilization ducts located medially, directed anteriorly, posterodorsal fold very small, barely covering any part of internal ducts (Figs 89–90). Dimensions: Total length 7.75. Carapace length 3.15, width 3.45. Sternum length 1.75, width 1.50. Abdomen length 4.60, width 3.35. Pedipalp: Fm 0.80, Pt 0.25, Ti 0.50, Ta 0.75, total 2.30. Leg I: Fm 3.70, Pt 1.45, Ti 3.50, Mt 2.75, Ta 1.00, total 12.40. Leg II: Fm 4.00, Pt 1.40, Ti 3.75, Mt 2.75, Ta 1.00, total 12.90. Leg III: Fm 4.00, Pt 1.00, Ti 3.45, Mt 2.85, ta 1.00, total 12.30. Leg IV: Fm 4.20, Pt 0.90, Ti 3.00, Mt 2.60, Ta 1.00, total 11.70.

Natural history

Found under bark (Figs 185–186), rocks and debris, and in between the leaves of tropical plants, from sea level to higher elevations, in dry to very wet areas. In the Greater Antilles it is often found in the same locations as Selenops insularis. The female is unusual in that she does not guard the egg sac, but rather makes several at once, and often leaves them anywhere, in a haphazard fashion, rather than hiding them beneath something (Fig. 186). This species has been seen feeding on termites and has been observed being fed upon by Anolis. More details of this species' natural history can be found in Crews et al. (2008)[5].

Distribution

Known from Eastern Hispaniola, Isla Mona, Puerto Rico, Culebra, Vieques, all of the Virgin Islands including many small cays, St. Kitts and Nevis, as well Great Inagua in the Bahamas (Map 9).

Taxon Treatment

  • Crews, S; 2011: A revision of the spider genus Selenops Latreille, 1819 (Arachnida, Araneae, Selenopidae) in North America, Central America and the Caribbean ZooKeys, 105: 1-182. doi

Other References

  1. Petrunkevitch A (1926) Spiders from the Virgin Islands. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 28:21-78.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Petrunkevitch A (1930) The spiders of Porto Rico. Part three. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 31:1-191.
  3. Bryant E (1942) Notes on the spiders of the Virgin Islands. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology Harvard 89:317-366.
  4. Muma M (1953) A study of the spider family Selenopidae in North and Central America and the West Indies. American Museum Novitates 1619:1-55.
  5. Crews S, Wienskoski E, Gillespie R (2008) Life history of the spider Selenops occultus Mello-Leitão (Araneae, Selenopidae) from Brazil with notes on the natural history of the genus. Journal of Natural History 42:43: 2747–2761. doi: 10.1080/00222930802354183

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