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Crews S, Harvey M (2011) The spider family Selenopidae (Arachnida, Araneae) in Australasia and the Oriental Region. ZooKeys 99 : 1–104, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.99.723. Versioned wiki page: 2011-05-19, version 6447, , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

Citation formats to copy and paste


author = {Crews, Sarah C. AND Harvey, Mark S.},
journal = {ZooKeys},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {The spider family Selenopidae (Arachnida, Araneae) in Australasia and the Oriental Region},
year = {2011},
volume = {99},
issue = {},
pages = {1--104},
doi = {10.3897/zookeys.99.723},
url = {},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2011-05-19, version 6447, , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}


RIS/ Endnote:

T1 - The spider family Selenopidae (Arachnida, Araneae) in Australasia and the Oriental Region
A1 - Crews S
A1 - Harvey M
Y1 - 2011
JF - ZooKeys
JA -
VL - 99
IS -
UR -
SP - 1
EP - 104
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2011-05-19, version 6447, , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/zookeys.99.723

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="Crews2011ZooKeys99">{{Citation
| author = Crews S, Harvey M
| title = The spider family Selenopidae (Arachnida, Araneae) in Australasia and the Oriental Region
| journal = ZooKeys
| year = 2011
| volume = 99
| issue =
| pages = 1--104
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/zookeys.99.723
| url =
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2018-11-18

}} Versioned wiki page: 2011-05-19, version 6447, , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Ordo: Araneae
Familia: Selenopidae


Simon, 1897Wikispecies linkPensoft Profile


Benoit (1968)[3] clearly defined the family Selenopidae. Here, we revise this definition to accommodate new species and new genera within the family. All members of the Selenopidae are extremely dorsoventrally flattened, have two tarsal claws and laterigrade legs. They are ecribellate, entelegynes, with eight eyes in two rows; with six in the first row and two in the second row (see also Jocqué and Dippenaar-Schoeman 2006[20]).


Selenopidae are a variety of colors including various shades of grey, brown, yellow, and orange, with darker markings on the cephalothorax and spots or mottling on the abdomen, and annulations on the legs of most species. Chelicerae robust with 2 to 4 cheliceral teeth on each margin. Clypeus is low and chilum absent. Most genera have a longitudinal fovea with lateral radiations, 3 on each side. Labium wider than long, or as long as wide. Endites with dense terminal scopulae. Sternum oval to round with a posterior indentation; sternum extending between coxae IV. Six spinnerets; colulus absent. The legs are long and robust, with the tibiae and metatarsi of legs I and II with paired spines; these spines are the primary character that we use to separate genera. Tarsal scopulae present or absent in both males and females. Tarsal claws variable, prolateral claw is toothed and retrolateral claw is smooth in several species, but in several instances they are both toothed, with prolateral claw having more teeth than the retrolateral claw, or both claws can be smooth. Like in most spider groups, species of selenopids are differentiated by the copulatory organs, thus, the copulatory organs are variable. In many species the epigynum has a median septum and lateral lobes, however there are exceptions. Spermathecae highly sclerotized and occur in various shapes and sizes, from simple to complex (Figs 2–3). Male palps with RTA that is 2–3 branched in many species, with dorsal and ventral branches, or dorsal, median, and ventral branches (Figs 5–6, 83–84); conductor present, often sclerotized (Figs 5–6, 83–84).


The Selenopidae occur worldwide and are primarily tropical and subtropical, though several species are found in deserts, and can be found from sea level to over 2500 meters.

Key to genera of Selenopidae Females (those of Godumops gen. n. are unknown)

Males (those of Amamanganops gen. n. and Pakawops gen. n. are unknown)

Taxon Treatment

Other References

  1. Simon E (1897) Histoire naturelle des araignées. Encyclopédie Roret, Paris, 2:1-192.
  2. Latreille P (1819) Articles sur les araignées. Nouveau Dictionnaire d’histoire Naturelle Paris Ed. II, Paris, 22.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 Benoit P (1968) Les Selenopidae africains au Nord du 17e parallèle Sud et reclassement des espèces africaines de la famille (Araneae). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 77:113-141.
  4. Corronca J (1996) Three new species of Selenops Latreille (Araneae, Selenopidae) from northern Brazil. Journal of Arachnology 24:68-71.
  5. Karsch F (1879) Baustoffe zu einer Spinnenfauna von Japan. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande, Westfalens und des Reg.-Bez. Osnabrück 36:57-105.
  6. Zhu C, Mao J (1983) A new species of spider of the genus Selenops from China (Araneae: Selenopidae). Journal of the Norman Bethune Medical University 9: 135–137. [in Chinese]
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Zhu C, Sha Y, Chen X (1990) Description of the genus Selenops from Sichuan Province, China (Araneae, Selenopidae). Journal of the Norman Bethune Medical University 16: 30–33. [in Chinese]
  8. Simon E (1887) Espèces et genres nouveaux de la famille des Sparassidae. Bulletin des Société Zoologie France 12:466-474.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 Corronca J (2003) New genus and species of Selenopidae (Arachnida, Araneae) from Madagascar and neighbouring islands. African Zoology 38:387-392.
  10. Koch L (1875) Die Arachniden Australiens. Bauer and Raspe, Nürnberg 1:577-740.
  11. Koch L (1876) Die Arachniden Australiens. Bauer and Raspe, Nürnberg, 1:741-888.
  12. Simon E (1889b) Arachnides de l’Himalaya, recuellis par MM. Oldham et Wood-Mason, et faisant partie des collections de l’Indian Museum. Première partie. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 58:334-344.
  13. Gravely F (1931) Some Indian spiders of the families Ctenidae, Sparassidae, Selenopidae and Clubionidae. Records of the Indian Museum, Calcutta 33:211-282.
  14. Tikader B (1969) Studies of some rare spiders of the families Selenopidae and Platoridae from India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Science 70:255-264.
  15. Reimoser E (1934) Araneae aus Süd-Indien. Revue Suisse Zoologie 41:465-511.
  16. Kayashima I (1943a) Spiders of Formosa. Tokyo, pp. 1–70. [in Japanese]
  17. Kayashima I (1943b) Description of a new species of spider from Formosa. Transactions of the Natural History Society of Formosa 33: 65–66. (in Japanese)
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 Dankittipakul P, Corronca J (2009) Siamspinops, a new selenopid genus from southeast Asia (Arachnida, Araneae). Organisms, Diversity and Evolution 9: 69e1–69e12.
  19. Simon E (1901) On the Arachnida collected during the Skeat expedition to the Malay Peninsula. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1901:45-84.
  20. Jocqué R, Dippenaar-Schoeman A (2006) Spider families of the world. ARC-PPRI, Tervuren, 336 pp.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 21.5 Corronca J (2005) Re-description of the lycosiformis species group of Anyphops Benoit and description of two new species (Araneae, Selenopidae). Journal of Natural History 39:1381-1393. doi: 10.1080/00222930400008868