Selenops kalinago

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Crews S (2011) A revision of the spider genus Selenops Latreille, 1819 (Arachnida, Araneae, Selenopidae) in North America, Central America and the Caribbean. ZooKeys 105 : 1–182, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.105.724. Versioned wiki page: 2011-06-14, version 11081, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Selenops_kalinago&oldid=11081 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

Citation formats to copy and paste

BibTeX:

@article{Crews2011ZooKeys105,
author = {Crews, Sarah C.},
journal = {ZooKeys},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {A revision of the spider genus Selenops Latreille, 1819 (Arachnida, Araneae, Selenopidae) in North America, Central America and the Caribbean},
year = {2011},
volume = {105},
issue = {},
pages = {1--182},
doi = {10.3897/zookeys.105.724},
url = {http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/724/abstract},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2011-06-14, version 11081, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Selenops_kalinago&oldid=11081 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}

}

RIS/ Endnote:

TY - JOUR
T1 - A revision of the spider genus Selenops Latreille, 1819 (Arachnida, Araneae, Selenopidae) in North America, Central America and the Caribbean
A1 - Crews S
Y1 - 2011
JF - ZooKeys
JA -
VL - 105
IS -
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.105.724
SP - 1
EP - 182
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2011-06-14, version 11081, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Selenops_kalinago&oldid=11081 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/zookeys.105.724

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="Crews2011ZooKeys105">{{Citation
| author = Crews S
| title = A revision of the spider genus Selenops Latreille, 1819 (Arachnida, Araneae, Selenopidae) in North America, Central America and the Caribbean
| journal = ZooKeys
| year = 2011
| volume = 105
| issue =
| pages = 1--182
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/zookeys.105.724
| url = http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/724/abstract
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2018-11-18

}} Versioned wiki page: 2011-06-14, version 11081, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Selenops_kalinago&oldid=11081 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Taxonavigation

Ordo: Araneae
Familia: Selenopidae
Genus: Selenops

Name

Selenops kalinago Crews, 2011 sp. n.Wikispecies linkZooBank linkPensoft Profile

Type material

Holotype female: East of Veranda Resort, Indian Town, Antigua, 17°05'50.2"N, 61°40'53.0"W, 27.II.2007, ~15 m, S. Crews, A. Thibou, under Bursera bark (EME sel_753). Paratypes: Male from north side of Silver Hills, Montserrat, 16°48'41.3"N, 62°11'28.7"W, ~375 m, 3.III.2007, S. Crews, C. Fenton, under bark of cinnamon bay trees (EME sel_772).

Other material examined

ANTIGUA: Shirley's Heights Lookout: Nelson's Dockyard Ntl. Park, 17°00'06.7"N, 61°44'57.6"W, 27.II.2007, S. Crews, A. Thibou, under bark of Bursera, SCC07_034, 1♀, 1♂, 2 imm. (CAS sel_754–757). GUADELOUPE: Basse-Terre: Parc Archélogique des Roches Gravées near Trois Rivieres, 15°58.394'N, 61°38.347'W, 10.XI.2004, S. Crews, under bark of Psidium guava, SCC04_064, 1 imm. (EME sel_114); near Vieux Fort on the D6, stop along road at Forêt Domaniale du Littoral, 15°57.943'N, 61°42.517'W, 11.XI.2004, ~27 m, S. Crews, under bark of Bursera, SCC04_065, 1 imm. (EME sel_115); Trois-Rivieres, end of Sentier de l'Acomat trail off Rue Nelson Mandela, 15°58'03.0"N, 61°37'50.1"W, ~24 m, 5.III.2007, S. Crews, under bark of sea grape, SCC07_038, 1 ♀, 1 p♀, 2 imm. (EME sel_778-781). Grande-Terre: Pointe du Chateaux past St. Francois, 16°14'57.6"N, 61°11'02.6"W, sea level, 7.III.2007, S. Crews, under bark in dry coastal forest, SCC07_040, 1♀, 2♂, 2 imm. (CAS sel_786-790). Les Saintes: Terre-de-Haut, top of Le Chameaux, 15°51'28.1" N, 61°35'39.8" W, ~296 m, 6.III.2007, S. Crews, under bark of Bursera, Campeche, SCC07_039, 3 imm. (EME sel_783-785). MONTSERRAT: same data as paratype, 1♂, 1 p♂, 1♀, 3 imm. (CAS sel_771, 773-777). Jack Boy Hill: 16°46'02.1"N, 62°10'17.0"W, 200 m, 2.II.2007, S. Crews, J. Daley, under bark of guava and bay in dry forest, SCC07_035, 2♂, 1p♂, 4♀, 4 imm. (EME sel_758-768). Sweet Water Ghaut: 16°47'07.2"N, 62°10'59.8"W, 2.III.2007, S. Crews & J. Daley, under bark, SCC07_036, (CAS sel_769).

Etymology

The specific epithet refers to the indigenous name of the indigenous people that once inhabited several Caribbean islands, including the ones where this species is found. It is to be treated as a noun in apposition.

Diagnosis

The females of Selenops kalinago sp. n. can be separated from all other species by the shape of the epigynal plate, the small, slit-like genital opening, and internally, the very long sperm ducts and small spermathecae (Figs 143–144). The males can be separated from all other species by the long, thin, finger-like median apophysis (Figs 145–146).

Remarks

There is variation in the coloration of these species as some specimens are light and others are dark. There are also slight differences in the dorsal pattern of the abdomen.

Description

Paratype male: Color:carapace brown-yellow with darker marks medially and laterally, more grey in life; sternum light yellow; chelicerae brown, darker laterally; maxillae light yellow-brown, lightening to white distally; labium pale brown; abdomen dorsally grey-tan with darker flecks and spots, festoon pattern caudally; ventrally dusky grey with no markings; legs yellowish with annulations on femora and tibiae, darkening toward tarsus, though annulations still visible. Carapace:0.86 times longer than broad; fovea longitudinal, broad, very shallow. Eyes:AER nearly straight; PER slightly recurved; PME same size as AME, PLE largest, ALE smallest; eye diameters, AME 0.30, ALE 0.10, PME 0.30, PLE 0.40; interdistances AME-PME 0.05, PME-ALE 0.03, ALE-PLE 0.28. PME-PME 1.20. ALE-ALE 1.88; ocular quadrangle AME-AME 0.43, PLE-PLE 1.90; clypeus 0.06 high. Mouthparts:chelicerae with stout setae medially and anteriorly; maxillae longer than broad, with tuft of conspicuous setae distally; labium distally rounded. Sternum:0.88 times longer than broad, posteriorly indented. Legs:leg I only slightly shorter than II and III; leg formula 2134; scopulae present on distal end of all 4 tarsi; tarsi I-IV with strong claw tufts ; claws without teeth; spination: leg I, Fm pr 1–1–1, d 1–1–1, rl 1–1–1; Ti d 1–1–0, pr 1–0–1, rl 1–0–1, v 2–2–2; Mt v 2–2; leg II, Fm pr 1–1–1, d 1–1–1, rl 1–1–1; Ti pr 1–1–1, d 1–1–1, rl 1–1–1, v 2–2–2; Mt v 2–2; leg III, Fm pr 1–1–1, d 1–1–1, rl 1–1–1; Ti pr 1–0–0, d 1–0–0, rl 1–1–0, v 2–2–1; Mt v 2–1; leg IV, Fm pr 1–1–0, d 1–1–1, rl 1–1–1; Ti pr 1–0–0, v 2–2–0, rl 1–1–0; Mt rl 1–0–0, v 2–2–0. Abdomen:without terminal setal tufts. Pedipalp:Fm spination pr 0–0–1, d 0–1–2, rl 0–0–1; cymbium teardrop-shaped ventral view, apex closer to 1 o'clock than 12 o'clock; conductor large, arising medially on long stalk with rounded lateral projection, pointed laterally, extending to 2 o'clock position, curving around retrolateral side; embolus very long, slender, curving around periphery of cymbium, beginning at 4 o'clock, terminating at 1 o'clock; MA located at 3 o'clock, long, thin and finger-like, directed distally, only slightly hooked at end; tibial apophyses barely reaching cymbium; ventral tibial apophysis small, widening distally, flattened in ventral view, curved ventrally in lateral view; dorsal tibial apophysis is slightly larger than ventral tibial apophysis, narrow, tapering to point (Figs 145–146). Dimensions: Total length 7.55. Carapace length 3.68, width 4.30. Sternum length 2.00, width 1.75. Abdomen length 3.88, width 3.10. Pedipalp: Fm 1.00, Pt 0.25, Ti 0.25, Ta 1.00, total 2.50. Leg I: Fm 4.50, Pt 1.75, Ti 4.75, Mt 4.25, Ta 1.75, total 17.00. Leg II: Fm 5.75, Pt 1.75, Ti 4.75, Mt 4.60, Ta 1.75, total 18.60. Leg III: Fm 5.00, Pt 1.50, Ti 4.50, Mt 4.00, Ta 1.50, total 16.50. Leg IV: Fm 4.75, Pt 1.00, Ti 4.00, Mt 3.90, Ta 1.50, total 15.15.
Holotype female: Color:Carapace light brown with slightly darker marks medially and laterally when preserved, more grey in life; sternum light brown, darker around border; chelicerae brown, darker laterally; maxillae light orange-brown, dark on outer distal edge, white on inner distal edge; labium orange-brown, lightening toward the distal edge; abdomen dorsally grey-tan with darker flecks and spots medially and laterally, festoon pattern caudally; ventrally cream-colored; legs yellowish with annulations on femora and tibiae, darkening toward tarsi, though annulations still visible. Carapace:0.97 times longer than broad. Eyes:AER nearly straight; PER recurved; PME larger than AME, PME same size as PLE, ALE smallest; eye diameters, AME 0.20, ALE 0.18, PME 0.30, PLE 0.30; interdistances AME-PME 0.15, PME-ALE 0.45, ALE-PLE 0.45. PME-PME 1.40. ALE-ALE 2.20; ocular quadrangle AME-AME 0.48, PLE-PLE 2.25; clypeus 0.07 high. Mouthparts:chelicerae with stout setae medially and anteriorly; maxillae longer than broad, with tuft of conspicuous setae distally; labium distally rounded. Sternum: as long as broad, posteriorly indented. Legs:Leg I only slightly shorter than II and III; leg formula 2314; legs I and II with tarsal and metatarsal scopulae; tarsi I-IV with strong claw tufts; claws without teeth; spination: leg I, Fm pr 1–1–0, d 1–1–1, rl 0–1–1 (R); Ti v 2–2–2; Mt v 2–2; leg II, Fm pr 1–0–0, d 1–1–1, rl 0–1–1; Ti v 2–2–2; Mt v 2–2; leg III, Fm pr 1–0–0, d 1–1–1, rl 0–0–1; Ti v 2–2–0; Mt v 2–1; leg IV, Fm pr 1–0–0, d 1–1–1, rl 0–0–1; Ti v 2–2–0; Mt v 2–1. Abdomen:Without terminal setal tufts. Pedipalp:claw with ca.10 teeth. Epigyne:lateral lobes visible from posterior margin to center of epigynal plate, fused, genital openings located behind crescent shaped slit anteriorly; internally, sperm ducts long, narrow, curving laterally to medially, with apex of curve pointing anteriorly, ducts twisted before reaching small lateral spermathecae posteriorly, fertilization ducts located posteriorly, directed anteriorly, posterodorsal fold absent (Figs 143–144). Dimensions: Total length 11.05. Carapace length 4.15, width 4.30. Sternum length 2.00, width 2.00. Abdomen length 6.90, width 4.60. Pedipalp: Fm 1.00, Pt 0.50, Ti 0.40, Ta 1.10, total 3. Leg I: Fm 4.40, Pt 2.00, Ti 3.75, Mt 3.00, Ta 1.00, total 14.15. Leg II: Fm 5.00, Pt 1.80, Ti 4.75, Mt 3.00, Ta 1.00, total 15.55. Leg III: Fm 5.00, Pt 1.75, Ti 4.00, Mt 3.50, Ta 0.75, total 14.50. Leg IV: Fm 4.50, Pt 1.50, Ti 3.75, Mt 3.00, Ta 1.00, total 13.75.

Natural history

This species has been collected from under the bark of Campeche, Bursera, Psidium, bay, sea grape, and other trees with loose bark in dry coastal forests from sea level to 300 m elevation (Figs 191, 204). Egg sacs are single, flat, white discs, attached under bark and guarded by the female, often with a light cocoon of silk around the female and the egg sac.

Distribution

Known from the islands of Antigua, Guadeloupe, including Les Saintes, and Montserrat (Map 14).

Original Description

  • Crews, S; 2011: A revision of the spider genus Selenops Latreille, 1819 (Arachnida, Araneae, Selenopidae) in North America, Central America and the Caribbean ZooKeys, 105: 1-182. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.105.724

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