Cunaxinae

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Skvarla M, Fisher J, Dowling A (2014) A review of Cunaxidae (Acariformes, Trombidiformes): Histories and diagnoses of subfamilies and genera, keys to world species, and some new locality records. ZooKeys 418 : 1–103, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2014-06-20, version 53343, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Cunaxinae&oldid=53343 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

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BibTeX:

@article{Skvarla2014ZooKeys418,
author = {Skvarla, Michael J., Fisher, J. Ray AND Dowling, Ashley P. G.},
journal = {ZooKeys},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {A review of Cunaxidae (Acariformes, Trombidiformes): Histories and diagnoses of subfamilies and genera, keys to world species, and some new locality records},
year = {2014},
volume = {418},
issue = {},
pages = {1--103},
doi = {10.3897/zookeys.418.7629},
url = {http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/7629/abstract},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2014-06-20, version 53343, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Cunaxinae&oldid=53343 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}

}

RIS/ Endnote:

TY - JOUR
T1 - A review of Cunaxidae (Acariformes, Trombidiformes): Histories and diagnoses of subfamilies and genera, keys to world species, and some new locality records
A1 - Skvarla M, Fisher J
A1 - Dowling A
Y1 - 2014
JF - ZooKeys
JA -
VL - 418
IS -
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.418.7629
SP - 1
EP - 103
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2014-06-20, version 53343, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Cunaxinae&oldid=53343 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/zookeys.418.7629

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

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| author = Skvarla M, Fisher J, Dowling A
| title = A review of Cunaxidae (Acariformes, Trombidiformes): Histories and diagnoses of subfamilies and genera, keys to world species, and some new locality records
| journal = ZooKeys
| year = 2014
| volume = 418
| issue =
| pages = 1--103
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/zookeys.418.7629
| url = http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/7629/abstract
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2020-10-29

}} Versioned wiki page: 2014-06-20, version 53343, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Cunaxinae&oldid=53343 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Taxonavigation

Ordo: Trombidiformes
Familia: Cunaxidae

Name

Den Heyer, 1978Wikispecies linkPensoft Profile

Historical review

Von Heyden (1826)[1] erected Cunaxa for Scirus setirostris. Oudemans (1902)[2] used Cunaxinae in the same sense that Trouessart (1892)[3] used Scirinae, that is for those mites in the family Bdellidae (sensu Koch) that have pedipalps with a curved terminal segment and movable chela only (= Cunaxidae sensu Thor). Oudemans (1906)[4] substituted Cunaxinae for Cunaxidae. Berlese (1916)[5] erected Dactyloscirus as a subgenus of Scirus to accommodate Scirus (Dactyloscirus) eupaloides. Oudemans (1922)[6] erected Rosenhofia to accommodate Rosenhofia machairodus. Vitzthum (1931)[7] raised Dactyloscirus to full generic status but later (1940–43) treated it as a subgenus. Thor and Willmann (1941)[8] again elevated Dactyloscirus to generic status and designated Dactyloscirus eupaloides as the type specimen. Baker and Hoffmann (1948)[9] regarded Dactyloscirus as a senior synonym of Cunaxa. Smiley (1975)[10] synonymized Rosenhofia with Dactyloscirus. Den Heyer (1978a)[11] preserved the name Cunaxinae, but limited its concept to those cunaxids possessing 5-segmented pedipalps that extend past the subcapitulum by at least the distal two segments; he also erected Armascirus. Den Heyer (1979d)[12] erected Rubroscirus for Rubroscirus africanus. Gupta and Ghosh (1980)[13] erected Indocunaxa. Smiley (1992)[14] synonymized Rubroscirus with Cunaxa but failed to give his reasoning for doing so. Den Heyer (2006)[15] erected Riscus for a species known only from Thailand. Castro and Den Heyer (2008)[16] erected Cunaxatricha and provided a key to the genera of Cunaxinae. Den Heyer and Castro (2008)[17] erected Allocunaxa for a Neotropical species, synonymized Indocunaxa with Armascirus, and provided the most up-to-date key to world genera of Cunaxinae.

Diagnosis

Gnathosoma. Pedipalps 5-segmented and extend beyond the subcapitulum by at least the distal half of the tibiae. Basifemora and telofemora fused but often dark line remains to indicate the division between the segments; telofemora and genua also fused in this manner in Allocunaxa. Apophyses may be present on the telofemora and between the genua and tibiotarsi. Tibiotarsi end in a strong claw. Chelicera with or without seta. Subcapitulum with up to 6 pairs of setae; setae hg14 always present, 2 pairs of adoral setae present or absent. Setae hg4 longest. In species with pedipalpal apophyses, the apophyses of the males shorter.
Idiosoma, dorsal. Female proterosoma bears a shield complemented with 2 pairs of setae (lps and mps) and 2 pairs of setose sensillae (at and pt). Dorsal hysterosoma may bear any combination of a median plate and lateral platelets (i.e., median plate and platelets absent, only median plate present, only lateral platelets present, or both median plate and lateral platelets present). Median plate, if present, may be complemented with 0–6 pairs of dorsal setae; lateral platelets, if present, may bear setae c2. Setae not born on plates or platelets may be born on tiny platelets barely larger than the setal socket. Integument that does not bear plates or platelets striated. Males differ in that the dorsal shields often more extensive and may be holodorsal.
Idiosoma, ventral. Coxae I–II fused or divided and may coalesce medially to form a sternal shield; coxae III–IV fused or divided and may extend caudally past the genital plates. Coxae each complemented 0–3 setae. Genital plates each bear 4 setae (g14); 2 pairs of genital papillae visible underneath the plates. Anal plates complemented with at least one pair of setae, ps1. Setae ps2 present or absent, either on the anal plates or on the integument adjacent to the anal plates. Setae h2 present ventrally on the integument adjacent to the anal plates. Cupule ih present laterad of h2. Integument that does not bear plates striated. Legs. Tarsi constricted apically so as to end in lobes. A trichobothrium on tibia IV present or absent.

Key to adult female Cunaxinae

(modified from Den Heyer and Castro 2008a[18])


Taxon Treatment

  • Skvarla, M; Fisher, J; Dowling, A; 2014: A review of Cunaxidae (Acariformes, Trombidiformes): Histories and diagnoses of subfamilies and genera, keys to world species, and some new locality records ZooKeys, 418: 1-103. doi

Images

Other References

  1. Von Heyden C (1826) Versuch einer systematischen Eintheilung der Acariden. “Isis” von Oken 18(6): 19.
  2. Oudemans A (1902) Classificatie der Acari. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 45: 58–60.
  3. Trouessart E (1892) Considerations generales sur la classification des Acariens, suivies s’un essai de classification nouvelle. Revue des Sciences Naturelles de l'Ouest 2: 330–331.
  4. Oudemans A (1906) Notes on Acari. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 237–270.
  5. Berlese A (1916) Centuria secunda di Acari nuovi. Redia 12(1): 125–177.
  6. Oudemans A (1922) Acarologische Aanteekeningen LXVIII (Acari van Sumatra). Entomologische Berichten 1 (Amsterdam) 6: 108–111.
  7. Vitzthum H (1931) Familie 13: Cunaxidae. In: Kukenthal W Krumbach T (Eds) Handbuch der Zoologie, band 3. Walter De Gruyter and Co, Leipzig, 140–146.
  8. Thor S, Willmann C (1941) Eupodidae, Penthalodidae, Penthaleidae, Rhagidiidae, Pachygnathidae, Cunaxidae. In: Thor S Willmann C (Eds) Das Tierreich, Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichung der rezenten Tierformen. Lieferung 71a. Walter De Gruyter and Co, Leipzig, 164–175.
  9. Baker E, Hoffmann A (1948) Acaros de la familia Cunaxidae. Anales de la Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biologicas Mexico 5(3–4): 229–273.
  10. Smiley R (1975) A generic revision of the mites of the family Cunaxidae (Acarina). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 68(2): 227–244.
  11. Den Heyer J (1978a) Four new species of Armascirus gen. nov. (Prostigmata: Acari) from the Ethiopian Region. Journal of the Entomological Society of South Africa 41(2): 217–239.
  12. Den Heyer J (1979d) Rubroscirus, a new cunaxid genus (Prostigmata: Acari) with three new species from the Ethiopian Region. Acarologia 20(1): 70–92.
  13. Gupta S, Ghosh S (1980) Some prostigmatid mites (Acarina) from Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 77: 189–213.
  14. Smiley R (1992) The predatory mite family Cunaxidae (Acari) of the world with a new classification. Indira Publishing House, West Bloomington, Michigan, 356 pp.
  15. Den Heyer J (2006) Riscus, a new cunaxid genus from Thailand (Acari: Actinedida: Cunaxidae). Acarologia 46(3–4): 195–201.
  16. Castro T, Den Heyer J (2008) A new genus, with a new species, from Brazil (Acari: Prostigmata: Cunaxidae). Zootaxa 1771: 54–62.
  17. Castro T (2008) Estudos taxonomicos e biologicos de Cunaxidae (Acari: Prostigmata) do Brasil. Thesis, Jaboticabal, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 99 pp.
  18. Den Heyer J, Castro T (2008a) A new Neotropical genus of the family Cunaxidae (Acari: Prostigmata: Bdelloidea). Zootaxa 1843: 35–46.