Aenictus yangi

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Liu C, Garcia F, Peng Y, Economo E (2015) Aenictus yangi sp. n. – a new species of the A. ceylonicus species group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Dorylinae) from Yunnan, China. Journal of Hymenoptera Research (42) : 33–45, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2015-03-18, version 70099, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Aenictus_yangi&oldid=70099 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

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BibTeX:

@article{Liu2015JournalofHymenopteraResearch,
author = {Liu, Cong AND Garcia, Francisco Hita AND Peng, Yan-Qiong AND Economo, Evan P.},
journal = {Journal of Hymenoptera Research},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {Aenictus yangi sp. n. – a new species of the A. ceylonicus species group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Dorylinae) from Yunnan, China},
year = {2015},
volume = {},
issue = {42},
pages = {33--45},
doi = {10.3897/JHR.42.8859},
url = {http://jhr.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=4910},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2015-03-18, version 70099, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Aenictus_yangi&oldid=70099 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}

}

RIS/ Endnote:

TY - JOUR
T1 - Aenictus yangi sp. n. – a new species of the A. ceylonicus species group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Dorylinae) from Yunnan, China
A1 - Liu C
A1 - Garcia F
A1 - Peng Y
A1 - Economo E
Y1 - 2015
JF - Journal of Hymenoptera Research
JA -
VL -
IS - 42
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/JHR.42.8859
SP - 33
EP - 45
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2015-03-18, version 70099, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Aenictus_yangi&oldid=70099 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/JHR.42.8859

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="Liu2015Journal of Hymenoptera Research">{{Citation
| author = Liu C, Garcia F, Peng Y, Economo E
| title = Aenictus yangi sp. n. – a new species of the A. ceylonicus species group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Dorylinae) from Yunnan, China
| journal = Journal of Hymenoptera Research
| year = 2015
| volume =
| issue = 42
| pages = 33--45
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/JHR.42.8859
| url = http://jhr.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=4910
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2019-11-17

}} Versioned wiki page: 2015-03-18, version 70099, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Aenictus_yangi&oldid=70099 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Taxonavigation

Ordo: Hymenoptera
Familia: Formicidae
Genus: Aenictus

Name

Aenictus yangi Liu & Garcia & Peng & Economo, 2015 sp. n.Wikispecies linkZooBank linkPensoft Profile

Type material

Holotype, pinned worker, China, Yunnan, Xishuangbanna, Man Sai village, 21°51'34.4"N, 101°16'39.6"E, 680m, young rain forest, leaf litter, 12.IIV.2013 (B. Blanchard, B. Guénard & C. Liu) (ISAS: CASENT0735503).
Paratypes, 14 pinned workers, China, Yunnan, Xishuangbanna, Man Sai village, 21°51'34.4"N, 101°16'39.6"E, 680m, young rain forest, leaf litter, 12.IIV.2013 (B. Blanchard, B. Guénard & C. Liu) (BMNH: CASENT0717204; CAS: CASENT0735506; CASENT0735508; HLMD: CASENT0735507; ISAS: CASENT0717203; CASENT0735495; CASENT0735496; CASENT0735498; MCZ: CASENT0735505; MHNG: CASENT0735504; NHMB: CASENT0735501; PUPAC: CASENT0735500; SKYC: CASENT0735499; THNHM: CASENT0735497).

Non-type material

China, Yunnan, Xishuangbanna, Man Sai village, 21°51'34.4"N, 101°16'39.6"E, 680m, young rain forest, leaf litter, 12.IIV.2013 (B. Blanchard, B. Guénard & C. Liu).

Diagnosis

Aenictus yangi differs from other South East Asian members of the Aenictus ceylonicus group by the following combination of characters: head in full-face view distinctly longer than broad (CI 82–90); masticatory margin of mandible with seven teeth/denticles; antennal scapes relatively long (SI 76–86); metanotal groove noticeably present but weak; propodeal junction noticeably angulate with distinct tooth; subpetiolar process relatively elongate, subrectangular, and slightly projecting anteroventrally; propodeum laterally mostly smooth and shiny, weakly irregularly rugulose at base, and weakly reticulate-punctate near propodeal junction; petiole and postpetiole mostly smooth and shiny with lower portions reticulate-punctate.

Worker measurements

(N=17). TL 2.21–2.60; HL 0.51–0.57; HW 0.43–0.50; SL 0.33–0.42; ML 0.69–0.87; PL 0.17–0.20; CI 82–90; SI 76–86.

Worker description

Head in full-face view distinctly longer than broad (CI 82–90), sides convex, posterior head margin straight to very weakly convex; occipital margin bearing a distinct carina. Antennal scapes relatively long (SI 76–86), extending beyond 2/3 of head length but not reaching posterior head margin. Frontal carinae relatively short and indistinct, reaching the level of posterior margin of torulus. Parafrontal ridges absent. Anterior clypeal margin weakly to moderately concave, not concealed by curved anterior extension of frontal carina. Masticatory margin of mandible with large acute apical tooth followed by one medium-sized subapical tooth, one small denticle, one medium-sized tooth, two smaller denticles, and medium-sized basal tooth, reaching total of seven teeth/denticles; basal margin straight. Maximum width of gap between anterior clypeal margin and mandibles about 1.0 to 1.4 times broader than maximum width of mandible. Promesonotum convex dorsally and sloping gradually to metanotal groove; metanotal groove noticeably present but weak; mesopleuron relatively long, clearly demarcated from metapleuron by weak groove; metapleural gland bulla relatively large, its maximum diameter about 1.7 to 2.1 times longer than distance between propodeal spiracle and metapleural gland bulla. Propodeum in profile with feebly convex dorsal outline; propodeal junction noticeably angulate with distinct tooth; declivity of propodeum moderately concave and encircled by strongly developed rim. Petiole in profile higher than long, its dorsal outline strongly convex; subpetiolar process relatively elongate, subrectangular, and slightly projecting anteroventrally. Postpetiole slightly smaller than petiole, its dorsal outline strongly convex. Head including antennal scape entirely smooth and shiny. Mandibles predominantly unsculptured, smooth and shiny with weak, superficial striation basally. Promesonotum entirely smooth and shiny; mesopleuron and metanotal groove irregularly rugulose; propodeum laterally mostly smooth and shiny, weakly irregularly rugulose at base, and weakly reticulate-punctate near propodeal junction. Petiolar node and postpetiole mostly smooth and shiny with lower portions reticulate-punctate. Head and mesosoma dorsally with abundant erect to subdecumbent hairs. Head, mesosoma, and gaster usually reddish brown, always distinctly darker than yellow to light yellowish brown mandibles, antennae, petiole, postpetiole, and legs.

Etymology

The new species is dedicated to Da-Rong Yang from the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences. We want to thank him for his great support of the first author’s studies in the area.

Distribution and ecology

At present, the new species is only known from Xishuangbanna in southern Yunnan. The type locality is a tropical lowland rainforest situated at an elevation of around 550 m. The new species was only collected twice, both times through leaf litter extraction. Nevertheless, as for most Aenictus, we strongly suspect that Aenictus yangi has a more hypogaeic lifestyle and might be more abundant in the soil stratum. The use of specific collection techniques that target subterranean army ants, such as subterranean oil baiting (Weissflog et al. 2001[1]), will likely yield additional material of this species. Unfortunately, due to the limited available material there is no additional information about its ecology.

Taxonomic notes

The identification of Aenictus yangi within the Aenictus ceylonicus species group can be easily performed with the updated identification key provided above. The new species is morphologically most similar to Aenictus baliensis Jaitrong & Yamane, 2013 (Bali), Aenictus longicephalus Jaitrong & Yamane, 2013 (Lombok), Aenictus minipetiolus Jaitrong & Yamane, 2013 (Lombok), and Aenictus wiwatwitayai Jaitrong & Yamane, 2013 (Thailand). However, Aenictus yangi can be immediately separated from these by the development of the metanotal groove, the shape of the propodeum and the subpetiolar process, and the sculpture on the mesosoma and waist segments (see Fig. 3 for details). Aenictus yangi can be easily separated from Aenictus brevipodus Jaitrong & Yamane, 2013 (Thailand), and Aenictus formosensis Forel, 1913 (Taiwan) by the number of mandibular teeth, shape of the head, the shape and punctate of petiole and postpetiole, and the shape of subpetiolar process.

Original Description

  • Liu, C; Garcia, F; Peng, Y; Economo, E; 2015: Aenictus yangi sp. n. – a new species of the A. ceylonicus species group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Dorylinae) from Yunnan, China Journal of Hymenoptera Research, (42): 33-45. doi

Images

Other References

  1. Weissflog A, Sternheim E, Dorow W, Berghoff S, Maschwitz U (2001) How to study subterranean army ants: a novel method for locating and monitoring field populations of the South East Asian army ant Dorylus (Dichthadia) laevigatus Smith, 1857 (Formicidae, Dorylinae) with observations on their ecology. Insectes Sociaux 47: 317–324. doi: 10.1007/PL00001723
  2. Jaitrong W, Yamane S (2013) The Aenictus ceylonicus species group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Aenictinae) from Southeast Asia. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 31: 165–233. doi: 10.3897/jhr.31.4274