Aenictus formosensis

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Jaitrong W, Yamane S (2013) The Aenictus ceylonicus species group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Aenictinae) from Southeast Asia. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 31 : 165–233, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2013-03-20, version 32109, , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

Citation formats to copy and paste


author = {Jaitrong, Weeyawat AND Yamane, Seiki},
journal = {Journal of Hymenoptera Research},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {The Aenictus ceylonicus species group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Aenictinae) from Southeast Asia},
year = {2013},
volume = {31},
issue = {},
pages = {165--233},
doi = {10.3897/JHR.31.4274},
url = {},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2013-03-20, version 32109, , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}


RIS/ Endnote:

T1 - The Aenictus ceylonicus species group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Aenictinae) from Southeast Asia
A1 - Jaitrong W
A1 - Yamane S
Y1 - 2013
JF - Journal of Hymenoptera Research
JA -
VL - 31
IS -
UR -
SP - 165
EP - 233
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2013-03-20, version 32109, , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/JHR.31.4274

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="Jaitrong2013Journal of Hymenoptera Research31">{{Citation
| author = Jaitrong W, Yamane S
| title = The Aenictus ceylonicus species group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Aenictinae) from Southeast Asia
| journal = Journal of Hymenoptera Research
| year = 2013
| volume = 31
| issue =
| pages = 165--233
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/JHR.31.4274
| url =
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2020-10-30

}} Versioned wiki page: 2013-03-20, version 32109, , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Ordo: Hymenoptera
Familia: Formicidae
Genus: Aenictus


Aenictus formosensis Forel stat. n.Wikispecies linkPensoft Profile


Aenictus ceylonicus var. formosensis: two syntype workers from Taiwan, Taihorin (not examined).

Non-type material examined

TAIWAN: Taichung, Tunghai University, 1.V.2009, leg. Ky. Nakamura, TI09-KY01 (SKYC, THNHM); Nantou County, 12.VIII.1985, leg. M. Terayama, 85-T-W13 (SKYC, THNHM).

Worker measurements

(n = 10). TL 2.05–2.95 mm; HL 0.50–0.63 mm; HW 0.45–0.63 mm; SL 0.31–0.53 mm; ML 0.70–0.93 mm; PL 0.15–0.23mm; CI 90–100; SI 69–84.

Worker description

Head in full-face view round, slightly longer than broad (in some specimens almost as long as broad), sides convex and posterior margin almost straight or feebly concave; occipital margin lacking collar. Antennal scape reaching 2/3 of head length; antennal segments II longer than broad; III-VI each almost as long as broad; terminal segment (X) almost as long as VII+VIII+IX. Frontal carina short, reaching the level of posterior margin of torulus. Parafrontal ridge absent. Anterior clypeal margin almost straight, lacking denticles. Masticatory margin of mandible with 4 teeth, including a large apical tooth; basal margin weakly concave, lacking denticles. Maximum width of gap between anterior clypeal margin and mandibles about 2.5 times as broad as maximum width of mandible. Promesonotum convex dorsally and sloping gradually to metanotal groove; metanotal groove distinct; metapleural gland bulla relatively small, its maximum diameter about 2.7 times as long as distance between propodeal spiracle and metapleural gland bulla. Propodeum in profile with feebly convex dorsal outline; propodeal junction angulated, nearly right-angled; declivity of propodeum wide, shallowly concave, and encircled with a distinct rim. Petiole sessile and short, almost as long as high, with its dorsal outline elevated posteriorly; subpetiolar process developed, subrectangular, with anterior and posterior corners acutely angulated (posterior corner bluntly angulated in some specimens). Postpetiole somewhat smaller than petiole, with its dorsal outline convex.
Head entirely smooth and shiny. Mandible with fine longitudinal striation, except along masticatory margin smooth and shiny. Basal half of antennal scape microreticulate; apical half smooth and shiny (dorsal face); ventral face of antennal scape entirely superficially reticulate. Promesonotum smooth and shiny except anteriormost portion punctate, lateral face of pronotum partly superficially reticulate and shiny; upper portions of mesopleuron and metapleuron with approximately 10 longitudinal rugae; lower portion of mesopleuron reticulate, somewhat shiny; lower portion of metapleuron somewhat smooth and shiny (in smaller workers the smooth area extending to upper portion); lateral face of propodeum with 3-5 longitudinal rugae (not clear in smaller workers). Petiole entirely punctate but in smaller workers the dorsal face superficially shagreened to smooth and shiny; postpetiole densely punctuate with smooth and shiny dorsal face. Femora entirely smooth and shiny except basal 1/4 micropunctate; tibiae superficially sculptured but shiny.
Head and mesosoma dorsally with relatively dense standing hairs; longest pronotal hair 0.18–0.20 mm long. Head, mesosoma, petiole and postpetiole reddish brown; gaster, antenna and legs yellowish brown, paler than head, mesosoma and waist; mandible dark brown.


Taiwan (Fig. 24A).


Nothing is known about the bionomics of Aenictus formosensis. However, a colony (TI09-KY01) was collected from a lowland secondary forest on the Tunghai University campus.


Aenictus formosensis has been confused and synonymized with the closely related Aenictus ceylonicus, but can be distinguished from the latter as follows: mandible with 4 teeth including apical tooth (3 teeth in the latter); subpetiolar process well developed, subrectangular (weakly developed in the latter); postpetiole almost as long as high (very short, distinctly shorter than high in the latter). This species is also similar to Aenictus khaoyaiensis in having a 4-toothed mandible and smooth and shiny pronotum. However, it is separated from the latter by the well-developed subpetiolar process that is subrectangular (low, with ventral outline convex and anteroventral corner angulate in the latter).

Taxon Treatment

  • Jaitrong, W; Yamane, S; 2013: The Aenictus ceylonicus species group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Aenictinae) from Southeast Asia Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 31: 165-233. doi