From ZooTerms (Dictionary of Invertebrate Zoology)
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queen (noun; Anglo-Saxon cwen, wife): (Arthropoda: Insecta) 1. A female member of the reproductive caste in semisocial and eusocial insects; may or may not differ morphologically from the workers. 2. In Formicidae, a fully developed reproductive female characterized by a generalized hymenopterous thorax and functional but deciduous wings; sometimes referred to as 'the female' of the colony.