Principles for Open Science

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A Science Commons Policy, see

Science Commons drafted the following principles for Open Science in 2008 (citation):

Open Access to Literature from Funded Research
By “open access” to this literature, we mean that it should be on the internet in digital form, with permission granted in advance to users to “read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself.”
Access to Research Tools from Funded Research
By “access” to research tools, we mean that the materials necessary to replicate funded research - cell lines, model animals, DNA tools, reagents, and more, should be described in digital formats, made available under standard terms of use or contracts, with infrastructure or resources to fulfill requests to qualified scientists, and with full credit provided to the scientist who created the tools.
Data from Funded Research in the Public Domain
Research data, data sets, databases, and protocols should be in the public domain. This status ensures the ability to freely distribute, copy, re-format, and integrate data from research into new research, ensuring that as new technologies are developed that researchers can apply those technologies without legal barriers. Scientific traditions of citation, attribution, and acknowledgment should be cultivated in norms.
Invest in Open Cyberinfrastructure
Data without structure and annotation is a lost opportunity. Research data should flow into an open, public, and extensible infrastructure that supports its recombination and reconfiguration into computer models, its searchability by search engines, and its use by both scientists and the taxpaying public. This infrastructure should be treated as an essential public good.

(The cited text was published on Science Commons (accessed 2009-07-12) and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.)