|Notice:||This page is derived from the original publication listed below, whose author(s) should always be credited. Further contributors may edit and improve the content of this page and, consequently, need to be credited as well (see
). Any assessment of factual correctness requires a careful review of the original article as well as of subsequent contributions.
If you are uncertain whether your planned contribution is correct or not, we suggest that you use the associated discussion page instead of editing the page directly.
This page should be cited as follows (rationale):
Citation formats to copy and paste
TY - JOUR
- Phallocryptus spinosa Rogers, D. Christopher, 2003, Zootaxa 257: 7-10.
Brendonck & Riddoch, 1997; Brtek & Thiéry, 1995; Daday, 1910; Gauthier, 1933; Hamer, 1994, 1999; Linder, 1941; Margalef, 1947; Moscatello et al., 2002; Mura, 1985; 1987; 1999; 2001; Mura et al., 1999; Mura & Del Cado, 1992;Mura & Hadjistephanou, 1987; Mura & Takami, 2000; Saadi, 1983; Thiéry, 1987; Thiéry & Puente, 2002; Thiéry & Puff, 1998; Vekhov, 1993; Thiéry, 1996; Vekhov & Vekhova, 1990. Branchinella media Pesta, 1921 “ Branchinema aculeata ” Wolf (undescribed types deposited at Zoological Museum of Berlin (fide Forró & Brtek 1984)
Diagnosis: Male: Cephalic appendage short, less than one third the length of the second antennal basal segment, situated anteromedially between bases of second antennae. Cephalic projection projecting ventrally, apex bifurcated into two short, truncate branches. First antennae three times as long as eye plus stalk. Second antennal proximal segment subequal in length to first antennae, subcylindrical, medial surface smooth. Second antennal distal segment twice the length of the proximal segment, arcuate, curving posteriorly, and tapering to an acute apex. Praeepipodite entire. Ventral surface of first genital segment smooth. Second genital segment with a distolateral, subconical, tubercle directed posteriorly. First abdominal segment (first postgenital segment) with a pair of large, medialventral, ventrally directed, acute, spines and a single ventrolateral, posterioventrally directed spines on the distal margin of the segment. Each abdominal segment with a large ventrolateral spine, directed ventrolaterally, distally. Abdominal segments I, II and sometimes III with distal margin bearing a small pair of ventrally directed spines.
Female. First antennae as long as eye plus stalk. Second antennae joined basalmedially, produced medially. Brood pouch subcylindrical, tapering posteriorly to apex. Apex projecting half way along second abdominal segment. Gonopore produced ventrodistally, with dorsal “lip” longer than ventral lip. Abdomen smooth. Resting cyst: Subspherical with shallow angular depressions separated by thin ridges. Each depression “pinched” in middle by ridges. Micrograph of cyst in Brendonck & Riddoch (1997).
Distribution. Ukraine, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan (Daday, 1910 a; Linder, 1941; Vekhov, 1993; Brtek & Thiéry, 1995), Iran (Mura & Takami, 2000), south to Oman (Thiéry, 1996) west to the Iberian Peninsula (Alonso, 1985, 1996), through the Mediterranean Basin (Brtek & Thiéry, 1995; Thiéry, 1987; Mura & Hadjistephanou, 1987; Mura, 1985; 1987; 1999; 2001; Mura et al., 1999; Thiéry & Puff, 1998; Abatzopoulos et al., 1999), north Africa (Thiéry, 1987; Hamer, 1994), south to Botswana (Hamer, 1994, 1999; Brendonck & Riddoch, 1997). Habitat. Permanent saline lakes and temporary saline pools (Mura & Hadjistephanou, 1987; Hamer, 1994; Brendonck & Riddoch, 1997). Vekhov & Vekhova (1990) reported P. spinosa in waters with 535 % salinity. Vekhov (1993) reports that Russian populations occur in habitats on ‘marigenous sandclay saline soils’ that were formed by the retreat of ancient warm seas.
Activity Period. February through April north of the equator, September through November south of the equator.
Comments. Cooccurs with Artemia sp. (Gauthier, 1933; Margalef, 1947; Cottarelli & Mura, 1974; Saadi, 1983; Mura & Hadjistephanou, 1987; Mura, 1985; 1987; 1999; Mura et al., 1999; Thièry & Puff, 1998), Streptocephalus sp. (Brendonck & Riddoch, 1997), and material at the USNM is mixed with Branchinectella media Schmankewitsch, 1873 (USNM 102320). The molar surface described by Mura & Del Cado (1992). Conservation status. This species is sufficiently widespread, with no known immediate threats and is designated here as a species of “Least concern” (IUCN, 2000).
- Rogers, D. Christopher; 2003: Revision of the thamnocephalid Genus Phallocryptus (Crustacea; Branchiopoda; Anostraca), Zootaxa 257: 7-10. doi