Paramblynotus

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Noort S, Buffington M (2013) Revision of the Afrotropical Mayrellinae (Cynipoidea, Liopteridae), with the first record of Paramblynotus from Madagascar. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 31 : 1–64, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2013-03-13, version 31916, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Paramblynotus&oldid=31916 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

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BibTeX:

@article{Noort2013JournalofHymenopteraResearch31,
author = {Noort, Simon van AND Buffington, Matthew L.},
journal = {Journal of Hymenoptera Research},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {Revision of the Afrotropical Mayrellinae (Cynipoidea, Liopteridae), with the first record of Paramblynotus from Madagascar},
year = {2013},
volume = {31},
issue = {},
pages = {1--64},
doi = {10.3897/JHR.31.4072},
url = {http://www.pensoft.net/journals/jhr/article/4072/abstract},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2013-03-13, version 31916, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Paramblynotus&oldid=31916 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}

}

RIS/ Endnote:

TY - JOUR
T1 - Revision of the Afrotropical Mayrellinae (Cynipoidea, Liopteridae), with the first record of Paramblynotus from Madagascar
A1 - Noort S
A1 - Buffington M
Y1 - 2013
JF - Journal of Hymenoptera Research
JA -
VL - 31
IS -
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/JHR.31.4072
SP - 1
EP - 64
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2013-03-13, version 31916, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Paramblynotus&oldid=31916 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/JHR.31.4072

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

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| author = Noort S, Buffington M
| title = Revision of the Afrotropical Mayrellinae (Cynipoidea, Liopteridae), with the first record of Paramblynotus from Madagascar
| journal = Journal of Hymenoptera Research
| year = 2013
| volume = 31
| issue =
| pages = 1--64
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/JHR.31.4072
| url = http://www.pensoft.net/journals/jhr/article/4072/abstract
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2020-10-22

}} Versioned wiki page: 2013-03-13, version 31916, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Paramblynotus&oldid=31916 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Taxonavigation

Name

Paramblynotus CameronWikispecies linkPensoft Profile

Diagnosis

Medium-sized to very small cynipoids. Very small species look superficially like cynipids, but careful attention to the relative size of the metasomal terga will help separate Paramblynotus from cynipids. Some superficially resemble figitids, especially Thrasorinae (not found in Africa), but can be separated from the latter by having a deeply foveate pronotum and mesoscutum, as well as by the diagnostic liopterid metasomal tergal arrangement with an enlarged sixth abdominal tergum (Figs 8A, 13A). Within Afrotropical Liopteridae, Paramblynotus can be distinguished by lacking any scutellar armament, by the lack of any sort of lobe at the base of the tarsal claws, and by the presence of an axillula (= auricula) on the side of the scutellum (Fig. 28C). Two apomorphic characters were proposed by Ronquist (1995)[4] to circumscribe the genus: a well-defined and evenly curved ventral margin to the mesopleural triangle, and the female abdominal tergum six expanded to form the largest tergite in dorsal view. The Paramblynotus yangambicolus species-group has a less well-defined mesopleural triangle ventral margin, which is regarded by Liu et al. (2007)[9] as a reversal, since this species-group is deeply nested within the Paramblynotus clade, and because an irregularly defined margin is a basal character state within the Cynipoidea (Liu et al. 2007[9]).

Identification

Online interactive keys to genera of Afrotropical Liopteridae are available at: http://www.waspweb.org/Cynipoidea/Keys/index.htm . A standard dichotomous key is also available online at this URL as well as in Buffington and van Noort (2012)[10]. Here we provide keys to the Afrotropical species-groups and Paramblynotus species, which are also available on WaspWeb.

Distribution

The genus is represented in all biogeographical regions except for the Western Palaearctic and Australia (Liu et al. 2007[9]; Ronquist 1995[4]). Three species-groups are present in the Afrotropical region: the Paramblynotus trisetosus and Paramblynotus yangambicolus species-groups (two of the seven species-groups recognized by Liu et al. 2007[9]), as well as the new species-group Paramblynotus seyrigi erected here, which are all endemic to the Afrotropical region.

Biology

The type female of Paramblynotus yangambicolus was captured on a Drypetes gossweileri (Euphorbiaceae) log in Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire) (Benoit 1956[11]). Two females of Paramblynotus yangambicolus from Uganda are labelled “ex Coleoptera”; two other females from Uganda are labeled “ex Lepidoptera” (Ronquist 1995[4]). In fact, no verified host records exist for Liopteridae (Buffington et al. 2012[10]; Buffington and van Noort 2012[10]).

Comments

Paramblynotus species are rare in collections. With the exception of Paramblynotus yangambicolus (6F), Paramblynotus fuscapiculus (14F), Paramblynotus zairiensis (2F), Paramblynotus kekenboschi (2F), Paramblynotus jacksoni (5F, 2M), and Paramblynotus scalptus (2F, 1M) the remaining 19 African species of Paramblynotus treated by Liu et al. (2007)[9] were known from single specimens. The current revision is based on the examination of a further 65 specimens that have been recently collected or unearthed in existing collections.
Key to species-groups of Afrotropical Paramblynotus
http://www.waspweb.org/Cynipoidea/Liopteridae/Keys/index.htm

Taxon Treatment

  • Noort, S; Buffington, M; 2013: Revision of the Afrotropical Mayrellinae (Cynipoidea, Liopteridae), with the first record of Paramblynotus from Madagascar Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 31: 1-64. doi

Other References

  1. Rohwer S, Fagan M (1917) The type-species of the genera of the Cynipoidea, or the gall wasps and the parasitic cynipoids. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 53: 357-380. doi: 10.5479/si.00963801.2208.357
  2. Hedicke H, Kerrich G (1940) A revision of the family Liopteridae (Hymenopt., Cynipoidea). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society, London 90: 177–225, 3 Pls.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Weld L (1952) Cynipoidea (Hym.) 1905-1950. Privately Printed, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 350 pp.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Ronquist F (1995) Phylogeny and classification of the Liopteridae, an archaic group of cynipoid wasps (Hymenoptera). Entomologica Scandinavica Supplement 46: 1-74.
  5. Weld L (1930) Notes on types (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 32 (8): 137-144.
  6. Kieffer J (1910a) Description de nouveaux Hyménoptères. Bolletino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della R. Sciola superiore d’Agricola di Portici 4: 105-3117.
  7. Kovalev O (1994) [Paleontological history, phylogeny and the system of Brachycleistogastromorphs and Cynipomorphs…]. Entomologicheskoe obozienie 73: 385-426. [In Russian]
  8. 8.0 8.1 Weld L (1962) [1961] New synonymy in Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 63: 279-280.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 Liu Z, Ronquist F, Nordlander G (2007) The cynipoid genus Paramblynotus: revision, phylogeny, and historical biogeography (Hymenoptera, Liopteridae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 304: 1-151. doi: [1:TCGPRP2.0.CO;2 10.1206/0003-0090(2007)304[1:TCGPRP]2.0.CO;2]
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Buffington M, van Noort S (2012) Revision of the Afrotropical Oberthuerellinae (Cynipoidea, Liopteridae). ZooKeys 202: 1-154. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.202.2136
  11. Benoit P (1956) Liopteridae - Mesocynipinae nouveaux du Congo Belge (Hym.-Cynipoidea). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 53: 51-56.

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