Dinoponera hispida

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Lenhart P, Dash S, Mackay W (2013) A revision of the giant Amazonian ants of the genus Dinoponera (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 31 : 119–164, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2013-03-20, version 32148, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Dinoponera_hispida&oldid=32148 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

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BibTeX:

@article{Lenhart2013JournalofHymenopteraResearch31,
author = {Lenhart, Paul A. AND Dash, Shawn T. AND Mackay, William P.},
journal = {Journal of Hymenoptera Research},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {A revision of the giant Amazonian ants of the genus Dinoponera (Hymenoptera, Formicidae)},
year = {2013},
volume = {31},
issue = {},
pages = {119--164},
doi = {10.3897/JHR.31.4335},
url = {http://www.pensoft.net/journals/jhr/article/4335/abstract},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2013-03-20, version 32148, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Dinoponera_hispida&oldid=32148 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}

}

RIS/ Endnote:

TY - JOUR
T1 - A revision of the giant Amazonian ants of the genus Dinoponera (Hymenoptera, Formicidae)
A1 - Lenhart P
A1 - Dash S
A1 - Mackay W
Y1 - 2013
JF - Journal of Hymenoptera Research
JA -
VL - 31
IS -
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/JHR.31.4335
SP - 119
EP - 164
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2013-03-20, version 32148, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Dinoponera_hispida&oldid=32148 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/JHR.31.4335

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="Lenhart2013Journal of Hymenoptera Research31">{{Citation
| author = Lenhart P, Dash S, Mackay W
| title = A revision of the giant Amazonian ants of the genus Dinoponera (Hymenoptera, Formicidae)
| journal = Journal of Hymenoptera Research
| year = 2013
| volume = 31
| issue =
| pages = 119--164
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/JHR.31.4335
| url = http://www.pensoft.net/journals/jhr/article/4335/abstract
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2022-08-11

}} Versioned wiki page: 2013-03-20, version 32148, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Dinoponera_hispida&oldid=32148 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Taxonavigation

Ordo: Hymenoptera
Familia: Formicidae
Genus: Dinoponera

Name

Dinoponera hispida Lenhart & Dash & Mackay, 2013 sp. n.Wikispecies linkZooBank linkPensoft Profile

Worker diagnosis

Distinguished from other speciesby the following combination of character states: conspicuous bristle-like setae covering the entire body but most pronounced on the dorsum of the head, mesosoma, petiole and gaster (Fig. 1C); fine striations on dorsum of the head; integument smooth and shiny with bluish luster most visible on sides of the head (Fig. 12A); antero–inferior corner of pronotum without tooth-like process (Fig. 1E); petiole bulging at antero-dorsal corner; insertions of setae on dorsum of petiole raised, papillate (Fig. 1G).

Male

Unknown.

Description

Description of the worker. Measurements (mm) (n=5) TBL: 30.39–31.83 (31.08); MDL: 4.20–4.51 (4.38); HL: 5.64–6.05 (5.86); HW: 5.02–5.33 (5.19); SL: 6.05–6.36 (6.22); EL: 1.23–1.33 (1.27); EL: 0.72–0.97 (0.84); WL: 7.89–8.71 (8.36); PL: 2.5–2.56 (2.52); PH: 2.87–3.18 (3.05); PW: 1.33–1.54 (1.47); GL: 9.69–10.15 (9.95); HFL: 7.89–8.41 (8.14). (See Fig. 2) Entire body with short, thick, stiff, subdecumbent to erect setae (Fig. 1C); integument black, smooth, shiny, appearing polished with bluish luster (Fig. 12A). Head: mandibles long, linear, 7-toothed, large diastema between basal tooth and six apical teeth; clypeus with two laterally projecting teeth on anterior edge, bulges medially, extends posteriorly between frontal lobes, sparse appressed setae from distal edges to disc of clypeus, short stiff setae on anterior edge; large bilobed labrum; ventral surface of head with varying amounts of fine striation, erect bristle-like setae; gena with fine striations running from eye into clypeus; median furrow running from termination of clypeus between frontal lobes to shallow pit in middle of frons (with ocelli in two individuals of type series); frontal lobes raised and conspicuous, with striations at posterior constriction; antennae all with erect bristle-like setae, funiculus covered in minute appressed pubescence; scape long, extending past posterior border of the head, covered in erect bristle-like setae; frons with sparse pads of short appressed setae; entire head covered with erect to subdecumbent bristle-like setae. Mesosoma: antero-inferior corner of pronotum rounded, without tooth-like process; pronotal disc with slight bulges; mesonotum fused with propodeum and episternum, separated by slight furrows; basilar sclerite large, ovaloid; propodeum with broadly rounded dorsal outline; propodeal spiracle nearly vertical slit; sulcus running from center of propodeum along lower edge of propodeal spiracle to posterior edge of propodeum at dorsal edge of bulla; mesosoma and coxae with white pubescence, especially dense on basilar sclerite, appressed white pubescence along dorsal surface facing medially, middle posterior dorsum of pronotum lacking appressed pubescence found on mesonotum and propodeum. Legs: long, femur and tibia with sparse erect bristle-like setae. One well-developed, antennae cleaning, comb-like spur on fore leg; spine-like and less developed denticular comb on mesothoracic leg; spine and comb-like spur on hind leg, posterior side of fore leg basitarsus with dense pads of golden setae; tarsus or mesothoracic and hind leg with short, stiff setae, tarsal claws bidentate. Petiole: large and tabular with narrow attachments at base to the propodeum and gaster, narrow in dorsal view; fine erect setae on anterior surface above articulation with mesosoma; bulging at antero-dorsal corner as in Dinoponera longipes; integument nitid, papillate at insertion of setae on dorsal surface; keel-like subpetiolar process, anterior triangular projection (Fig. 1G). Gaster: small protuberance at articulation of gastral sternite III and the petiole, covered in erect setae; stridulatory file of varying size on acrotergite of gastric tergum II; covered in bristle-like setae, sparse short appressed setae on terga I and II; polished integument; posterior edges of the pygidium and hypopygidium with characteristic rows of spines. Distribution. Known only from the type locality (Fig. 13).

Discussion

Dinoponera hispida is considered a valid species based on the above mentioned morphological characters, as well as its sympatry with Dinoponera gigantea without any visible character integration. Based on the morphological character states Dinoponera hispida is most similar to Dinoponera longipes and Dinoponera mutica. Dinoponera longipes differs greatly in the setae which are flagellate and golden, completely lacks gular striations and lacks the raised insertions of setae on the petiole. Dinoponera mutica also differs in pilosity, possessing drab-colored flagellate pubescence and lacks the bulging antero-dorsal corner and papillate dorsum of the petiole.

Etymology

hispida, from the Latin hispidus: bristle, referring to the conspicuous bristle-like setae covering the friend and body.

Type series

Holotype worker (MCZC) BRAZIL, Pará: Tucuruí, I.1979, Coll. M. Alvarenga; Paratypes (CASC, CWEM, LACM, MZSP) BRAZIL, Pará, Tucuruí, I.1979, Coll. M. Alvarenga” (1 worker). “Brasil Pará Tucuruí Margem esq. 21.II.1979, Brasil Pará, WL Overal, Várzea” (1 worker). “Pará Tucuruí, 20.viii.1979, Brazil PA, R B Neto” (1 worker). “Pará Tucuruí, 19.viii.1979, km 28, Brasil Pará WL Overal” (1 worker).

Original Description

  • Lenhart, P; Dash, S; Mackay, W; 2013: A revision of the giant Amazonian ants of the genus Dinoponera (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 31: 119-164. doi

Images

Other References

  1. Kempf W (1971) A preliminary review of the ponerine ant genus Dinoponera Roger (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Studia Entomologica 14: 369-394.
  2. Araujo C, Lachaud J, Fresneau D (1990) Le systéme reproductif chez une ponérine sans reine: Dinoponera quadriceps Santschi. Behavioural Processes 22: 101-111. doi: 10.1016/0376-6357(90)90011-4
  3. Peeters C, Monnin T, Malosse C (1999) Cuticular hydrocarbons correlated with reproductive status in a queenless ant. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B 1426: 1323-1327. doi: 10.1098/rspb.1999.0782
  4. Monnin T, Peeters C (1999) Dominance hierarchy and reproductive conflicts among subordinates in a monogynous queenless ant. Behavioral Ecology 10: 323-332. doi: 10.1093/beheco/10.3.323
  5. Fourcassié V, Oliveira P (2002) Foraging ecology of the giant Amazonian ant Dinoponera gigantea (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Ponerinae): activity schedule, diet and spatial foraging patterns. Journal of Natural History 36: 2211-2227. doi: 10.1080/00222930110097149
  6. Monnin T, Ratnieks F, Brandão C (2003) Reproductive conflict in animal societies: hierarchy length increases with colony size in queenless ponerine ants. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 54: 71-79. doi: 10.1007/s00265-003-0600-9
  7. Mariano C, Delabie J, Ramos L, Lacau S, Pompolo S (2004) Dinoponera lucida Emery (Formicidae: Ponerinae): the highest number of chromosomes known in Hymenoptera. Naturwissenschaften 91: 182-185. doi: 10.1007/s00114-004-0514-z
  8. Araújo A, Rodriques Z (2006) Foraging behavior of the queen less ant Dinoponera quadriceps Santschi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Neotropical Entomology 35: 159-164. doi: 10.1590/S1519-566X2006000200002
  9. Marques-Silva S, Matiello-Guss C, Delabie J, Mariano C, Zanuncio J, Serrão J (2006) Sensilla and secretory glands in the antennae of a primitive ant: Dinoponera lucida (Formicidae: Ponerinae). Microscopy Research and Technique 69: 885-890. doi: 10.1002/jemt.20356