Clathria armata

From Species-ID
Jump to: navigation, search
Notice: This page is derived from the original publication listed below, whose author(s) should always be credited. Further contributors may edit and improve the content of this page and, consequently, need to be credited as well (see page history). Any assessment of factual correctness requires a careful review of the original article as well as of subsequent contributions.

If you are uncertain whether your planned contribution is correct or not, we suggest that you use the associated discussion page instead of editing the page directly.

This page should be cited as follows (rationale):
Bertolino M, Cerrano C, Bavestrello G, Carella M, Pansini M, Calcinai B (2013) Diversity of Porifera in the Mediterranean coralligenous accretions, with description of a new species. ZooKeys 336 : 1–37, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2013-09-27, version 37963, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Clathria_armata&oldid=37963 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

Citation formats to copy and paste

BibTeX:

@article{Bertolino2013ZooKeys336,
author = {Bertolino, Marco AND Cerrano, Carlo AND Bavestrello, Giorgio AND Carella, Mirco AND Pansini, Maurizio AND Calcinai, Barbara},
journal = {ZooKeys},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {Diversity of Porifera in the Mediterranean coralligenous accretions, with description of a new species},
year = {2013},
volume = {336},
issue = {},
pages = {1--37},
doi = {10.3897/zookeys.336.5139},
url = {http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/5139/abstract},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2013-09-27, version 37963, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Clathria_armata&oldid=37963 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}

}

RIS/ Endnote:

TY - JOUR
T1 - Diversity of Porifera in the Mediterranean coralligenous accretions, with description of a new species
A1 - Bertolino M
A1 - Cerrano C
A1 - Bavestrello G
A1 - Carella M
A1 - Pansini M
A1 - Calcinai B
Y1 - 2013
JF - ZooKeys
JA -
VL - 336
IS -
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.336.5139
SP - 1
EP - 37
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2013-09-27, version 37963, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Clathria_armata&oldid=37963 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/zookeys.336.5139

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="Bertolino2013ZooKeys336">{{Citation
| author = Bertolino M, Cerrano C, Bavestrello G, Carella M, Pansini M, Calcinai B
| title = Diversity of Porifera in the Mediterranean coralligenous accretions, with description of a new species
| journal = ZooKeys
| year = 2013
| volume = 336
| issue =
| pages = 1--37
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/zookeys.336.5139
| url = http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/5139/abstract
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2023-02-09

}} Versioned wiki page: 2013-09-27, version 37963, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Clathria_armata&oldid=37963 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Taxonavigation

Ordo: Poecilosclerida
Familia: Microcionidae
Genus: Clathria

Name

Clathria armata (Bowerbank, 1862)Wikispecies linkPensoft Profile

Material examined

Specimen IG-F-BL4-sp2-fot.; alcohol preserved, Gallinara Island (station 2, Falconara) 44°01'22"N, 8°13'34"E, depth 35 m, collected 31-7-2009.
Description. Thickly encrusting sponge (3-5 mm thick) covering a surface of 1.5 cm2 on a coralligenous block (Fig. 6A). Surface irregular, smooth. Consistency soft. The red-orange colour of the living specimen slightly fades when alcohol preserved. Skeleton. Not observed.
Spicules. Macroscleres: acanthostyles in two size categories: I) large acanthostyles slightly curved, with obtuse spines concentrated on the head (Fig. 6B), 220 (484.5) 830 × 3.75 (8.5) 12 μm; II) small acanthostyles, with scattered spines, but more concentrated on the head (Fig. 6C), 100 (110) 122.5 × 3.75 (5) 6 μm; subtylostyles straight, often with slightly spined head (Fig. 6D), 440 (503.7) 550 × 2.5 (2.9) 3.8 μm. Microscleres: palmate isochelae (Fig. 6E), 10 (12.5) 13.5 μm long. Toxas of variable size, with more or less wide central curvature and slightly reflexed smooth points (Fig. 6F), 80 (114.5) 210 μm long.

Distribution and discussion

This species has been recorded on rocky walls and on mollusc shells from 10 to 180 m depth (Bowerbank 1866[1], Arndt 1934, Pulitzer-Finali 1983[2], van Soest and Stone 1986[3]). It is widely distributed in the Mediterranean Sea (Northern Adriatic Sea, Alboran Sea and Ionian Sea (Pansini and Longo 2003[4], 2008[5]) and along the Atlantic coast of Europe: Arctic, Sweden, Ireland, United Kingdom, France (van Soest et al. 2013[6]).
This specimen, like that described by van Soest and Stone (1986)[3], differs from the type material in the toxa dimensions. Actually Bowerbank measured small toxas 50 µm long and large toxas 130 µm long dividing them in two size categories. Van Soest and Stone (1986)[3] confirm the large variability of spicule size. The species is a new finding for the coralligenous community and the Ligurian Sea.

Taxon Treatment

  • Bertolino, M; Cerrano, C; Bavestrello, G; Carella, M; Pansini, M; Calcinai, B; 2013: Diversity of Porifera in the Mediterranean coralligenous accretions, with description of a new species ZooKeys, 336: 1-37. doi

Other References

  1. Bowerbank J (1866) A Monograph of the British Spongiadae. Ray Society, London, 2(i-xx): 1–388.
  2. Pulitzer-Finali G (1983) A collection of Mediterranean Demospongiae (Porifera) with, in appendix, a list of the Demospongiae hitherto recorded from the Mediterranean Sea. Annali del Museo civico di storia naturale Giacomo Doria 84: 445-621.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Van Soest R, Stone S (1986) Antho brattegardi sp. n. (Porifera: Poecilosclerida), with remarks on and a key to the clathriids of Norwegian waters. Sarsia 71(1): 41-48.
  4. Pansini M, Longo C (2003) A review of the Mediterranean Sea sponge biogeography with, in appendix, a list of the demosponges hitherto recorded from this sea. Biogeographia, Marine biogeography of the Mediterranea Sea: patterns and dynamics of biodiversity 24: 59-90.
  5. Pansini M, Longo C (2008) Porifera. In: Relini G (Ed) Checklist della flora e della fauna dei mari italiani. Ministero dell’Ambiente e tutela del territorio, Roma. Biologia Marina Mediterranea 15(1): 42-66.
  6. Van Soest R, Boury-Esnault N, Hooper J, Rützler K, Voogd N, Glasby B, Hajdu E, Pisera A, Manconi R, Schoenberg C, Janussen D, Tabachnick K, Klautau M, Picton B, Kelly M, Vacelet J (2013) World Porifera Database. http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera

Images