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- Cercyon floridanus Horn, 1890: 303.
- Cercyon floridanuus Smetana (Thomas et al. 2013: 33 lapsus calami)
Figures in Flickr
Florida (without specific locality).
Greater Antillean specimens studied
CAYMAN ISLANDS: Grand Cayman: blacklight trap, vi.1992, leg. blacklight trap (1 male; FSCA), blacklight trap, vi.1992, lgt. P. Fitzgerald (1: FSCA); Queen Elizabeth Botanic Garden, blacklight trap, 28.v.2009, leg. Thomas, Turnbow & Ball (1: FSCA); Georgetown, blacklight, 30.iii.1973. E.J. Gerberg (1: FSCA).
Published Greater Antillean records
Body size 2.35–2.70 mm; dorsal surface of head (Fig. 2d) completely black, pronotum black sometimes with undefined piceous areas at lateral margins; elytra black (Figs 2d, f), with large rather sharply-defined yellowish to reddish-yellow lateroapical areas reaching apex lateralmost interval, medial ridge of prosternum anteriorly very weakly projected ventrally; mesoventral plate (Fig. 7d) very wide, ca. 1.9× as long as wide; metaventrite (Fig. 7d) without femoral lines, with broad raised pentagonal area (about 0.67× as long as wide) with large, deep and semicircular punctures; first abdominal ventrite without spiniform process in both sexes; apex of fifth ventrite without triangularly bulged projection at apex in both sexes; aedeagus (Fig. 7a) with parameres slightly shorter than phallobase, sinuately widened and bearing long setae at apex; median lobe widest at midlegth, narrowing to very finely truncate apex, without spines. For complete description see Smetana (1978).
Cercyon floridanus is part of the C. tristis group according to Smetana (1978) It resembles members of the C. gimmeli species group, C. sklodowskae sp. n. and C. praetextatus. Besides of the features of the aedeagus (Fig. 7a–c), it can be easily distinguished from them by the distinctly by the smallersize (2.35–2.70 mm), wider mesoventral plate (1.9× as long as wide in C. floridanus, 3.3–5.8× as long as wide in the other species). Besides that, females of C. floridanus lack the triangular projection on the apex of the fifth abdominal ventrite (present in C. sklodowskae), has a very small process of mid-prosternal ridge (large in C. gimmeli species group), and almost straight metatibia (curved in C. gimmeli species group).
Cercyon floridanus is distributed in the southeastern USA, mainly in Florida, but rare records are also known from Georgia, Louisiana and Mississippi (Smetana 1978). In the Greater Antilles it is only known from Cayman Islands, from where it was first reported by Thomas et al. (2013) under the name “C. floridanuus Smetana” (Fig. 16a).
- Arriaga-Varela, E; Seidel, M; Deler-Hernández, A; Viktor Senderov, ; Fikáček, M; 2017: A review of the Cercyon Leach (Coleoptera, Hydrophilidae, Sphaeridiinae) of the Greater Antilles ZooKeys, (681): 39-93. doi
- Thomas M, Turnbow R, Steiner W (2013) An annotated checklist of the Coleoptera (Insecta) of the Cayman Islands. Insecta Mundi 280: 1–56.
- Smetana A (1978) Revision of the subfamily Sphaeridiinae of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 105: 1–292. https://doi.org/10.4039/entm110105fv