Andraca

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Wang X, Zeng L, Wang M (2011) The genus Andraca (Lepidoptera, Endromidae) in China with descriptions of a new species. ZooKeys 127 : 29–42, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2011-09-08, version 14017, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Andraca&oldid=14017 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

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BibTeX:

@article{Wang2011ZooKeys127,
author = {Wang, Xing AND Zeng, Ling AND Wang, Min},
journal = {ZooKeys},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {The genus Andraca (Lepidoptera, Endromidae) in China with descriptions of a new species},
year = {2011},
volume = {127},
issue = {},
pages = {29--42},
doi = {10.3897/zookeys.127.928},
url = {http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/928/abstract},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2011-09-08, version 14017, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Andraca&oldid=14017 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}

}

RIS/ Endnote:

TY - JOUR
T1 - The genus Andraca (Lepidoptera, Endromidae) in China with descriptions of a new species
A1 - Wang X
A1 - Zeng L
A1 - Wang M
Y1 - 2011
JF - ZooKeys
JA -
VL - 127
IS -
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.127.928
SP - 29
EP - 42
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2011-09-08, version 14017, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Andraca&oldid=14017 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/zookeys.127.928

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="Wang2011ZooKeys127">{{Citation
| author = Wang X, Zeng L, Wang M
| title = The genus Andraca (Lepidoptera, Endromidae) in China with descriptions of a new species
| journal = ZooKeys
| year = 2011
| volume = 127
| issue =
| pages = 29--42
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/zookeys.127.928
| url = http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/928/abstract
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2020-05-27

}} Versioned wiki page: 2011-09-08, version 14017, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Andraca&oldid=14017 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Taxonavigation

Ordo: Lepidoptera
Familia: Endromidae

Name

Andraca Walker, 1865Wikispecies linkPensoft Profile

  • Andraca Walker, 1865, List Specimens lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus., 32: 581. (Type species: Andraca bipunctata Walker, 1865, List Specimens lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus., 32: 582, by monotype. Type locality: Hindostan, India.)
  • Pseudoeupterote Shiraki, 1911, Catalogue Insectorum Noxiorum Formosarum: 48. (Type species: Oreta theae Matsumura, 1909, Thousand Insects of Japan, 1: 582, by monotype. Type locality: Formosa (=Taiwan)). Type-species designation by monotype.

Description

Forewing weakly falcate. Ground color varying from shades of brown to sandy grey.
Male genitalia. Uncus apically single-pointed to weakly indented; gnathos with two long, basally broad, upcurved arms; valvae basally broad, sclerotized, long or medium length; aedeagus short with apex truncated, cornuti present or absent.
Female genitalia (Andraca bipunctata). Eighth segment curved deeply, ventral margin of ostium bursae extends posteriorly as a broad bilobed plate, ductus bursae sclerotized distal to mid-point, tapering to half width; distal half unsclerotized with slight torsion, corpus bursae lacking a signum.

Distribution

Oriental Region, S & E Palaearctic.

Remarks

Andraca species have sometimes been described in Mustilia (e.g., Chu and Wang 1993[1], 1996[2]), and misidentification has also been frequent (Chu and Wang 1993[1], 1996[2]). Andraca was considered to belong to ‘the Mustilia lineage’ of Prismostictinae Forbes, 1955 (Holloway 1987[3]; Minet 1994[4]; Lemaire and Minet 1999[5]; Holloway et al. 2001[6]). Our own unpublished work also shows that Andraca is close to Mustilia Walker, 1865 and Mustilizans Yang, 1995, based on phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences (COI + 18S +28S) (Wang 2010[7]).
Sevastopulo (1938)[8] described the fully grown larvae of the type species. The larvae are gregarious, have short hairs covering the body, and are often heavily parasitized. Pupation is in a thin cocoon of brown silk spun among leaves.

Key to the Chinese Andraca species

Taxon Treatment

  • Wang, X; Zeng, L; Wang, M; 2011: The genus Andraca (Lepidoptera, Endromidae) in China with descriptions of a new species ZooKeys, 127: 29-42. doi

Other References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Chu H, Wang L (1993) Saturniidae of China. Bulletin of Zoology. Science Press. Beijing, 10: 211-238.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Chu H, Wang L (1996) Fauna Sinica Insecta V, Lepidoptera: Bombycidae. Science Press. Beijing, 1996: 24pp.
  3. Holloway J (1987) The moths of Borneo (III). Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur, 74–90.
  4. Minet J (1994) The Bombycoidea–Phylogeny and higher classification (Lepidoptera, Glossata). Entomologica Scandinavica 25 (1): 63-88.
  5. Lemaire C, Minet J (1999) The Bombycoidea and their relatives. In: Kristensen N (Ed). Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies. 1. Evolution, systematics and biogeography. Handbook of Zoology 4(35), Walter de Gruyter, Berlin & New York: 321-354.
  6. Holloway J, Kibby G, Peggie D (2001) Fauna Malesiana Handbook, 3. The Families of Malesian Moths and Butterflies. Brill, Leiden/Boston/Köln. xi + 455 pp.
  7. Wang X (2010) Studies on the Systematics of Bombycidae from China (Lepidoptera: Bombycoidea). Unpublished PhD Thesis (South China Agricultural University, China.)
  8. Sevastopulo D (1938) Early stages of Indian Lepidoptera (18). Journal of Bombay Natural History Society 35: 40-46.