Ablabesmyia amamisimplex (Niitsuma, Hiromi 2013)

From Species-ID
Jump to: navigation, search
Notice: This page is derived from the original publication listed below, whose author(s) should always be credited. Further contributors may edit and improve the content of this page and, consequently, need to be credited as well (see page history). Any assessment of factual correctness requires a careful review of the original article as well as of subsequent contributions.

If you are uncertain whether your planned contribution is correct or not, we suggest that you use the associated discussion page instead of editing the page directly.

This page should be cited as follows (rationale):
Niitsuma, Hiromi (2013) Revision of the Japanese Ablabesmyia (Diptera: Chironomidae: Tanypodinae), with descriptions of three new species. Zootaxa 3664 : 487 – 492, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2017-06-17, version 146425, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Ablabesmyia_amamisimplex_(Niitsuma,_Hiromi_2013)&oldid=146425 , contributors (alphabetical order): PlaziBot.

Citation formats to copy and paste

BibTeX:

@article{Niitsuma2013Zootaxa3664,
author = {Niitsuma, Hiromi},
journal = {Zootaxa},
title = {Revision of the Japanese Ablabesmyia (Diptera: Chironomidae: Tanypodinae), with descriptions of three new species},
year = {2013},
volume = {3664},
issue = {},
pages = {487 -- 492},
doi = {TODO},
url = {},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2017-06-17, version 146425, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Ablabesmyia_amamisimplex_(Niitsuma,_Hiromi_2013)&oldid=146425 , contributors (alphabetical order): PlaziBot.}

}

RIS/ Endnote:

TY - JOUR
T1 - Revision of the Japanese Ablabesmyia (Diptera: Chironomidae: Tanypodinae), with descriptions of three new species
A1 - Niitsuma, Hiromi
Y1 - 2013
JF - Zootaxa
JA -
VL - 3664
IS -
UR - http://dx.doi.org/TODO
SP - 487
EP - 492
PB -
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2017-06-17, version 146425, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Ablabesmyia_amamisimplex_(Niitsuma,_Hiromi_2013)&oldid=146425 , contributors (alphabetical order): PlaziBot.

M3 - doi:TODO

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="Niitsuma2013Zootaxa3664">{{Citation
| author = Niitsuma, Hiromi
| title = Revision of the Japanese Ablabesmyia (Diptera: Chironomidae: Tanypodinae), with descriptions of three new species
| journal = Zootaxa
| year = 2013
| volume = 3664
| issue =
| pages = 487 -- 492
| pmid =
| publisher =
| doi = TODO
| url =
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2020-02-16

}} Versioned wiki page: 2017-06-17, version 146425, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Ablabesmyia_amamisimplex_(Niitsuma,_Hiromi_2013)&oldid=146425 , contributors (alphabetical order): PlaziBot.</ref>


Taxonavigation

Ordo: Diptera
Familia: Chironomidae
Genus: Ablabesmyia

Name

Ablabesmyia amamisimplex SasaWikispecies linkPensoft Profile

Description

Ablabesmyia monilis: Sasa 1990: 135; Sasa & Okazawa 1991: 65; Sasa & Okazawa 1992: 208partim; Sasa et al.1998: 126partim. [nec Linnaeus, 1758] Ablabesmyia longistyla: Sasa et al.1998: 125partim; Kobayashi & Kubota 2002: 324partim; Niitsuma 2005: 1053 fig. 16.10 – 15. [nec Fittkau, 1962]

Materials Examined

Material examined.Holotype of Ablabesmyia amamisimplex: male (NSMT-I-Dip 4693), labelled, “No. 179: 59 ”, JAPAN: Kagoshima, Amami Island, Yakkachi River, 18.iii. 1989 (adult emerged 10.iv. 1989). Non-types. JAPAN: Kagoshima, Amami Island, Yakkachi River, 1 male (NSMT), labelled, “ Ablabesmyia monilis No. 179: 58 ”, 18.iii. 1989 (adult emerged 14.iv. 1989); Okinawa, Okinawa Island, Genga River, 3 males (NSMT), labelled respectively, “ Ablabesmyia monilis No. 174: 88–90 ”, 27.xi. 1989; Toyama, Joganji River, 3 males (NSMT), labelled respectively, “ Ablabesmyia monilis No. 217: 48–50 ”, 9.viii. 1990; Kochi, Nakamura, Shimano River, 1 male (NSMT), labelled, “ Ablabesmyia monilis No. 358: 2 ”, 25.iv. 1998; Toyama, Toga, Momose River, 1 male (NSMT), labelled, “ Ablabesmyia monilis No. 188: 1 ”, 11.ix. 1990; Kochi, Nakamura, 1 male (NSMT), labelled, “ Ablabesmyia longistyla No. 360: 44 ”, 26.iv. 1998; Fukushima, Hirono, Asami River, 1 male with pupal exuviae (SUM-IC-T0411), 15.viii. 2001 (adult emerged 26.viii. 2001); as previous except 3 males with 2 pupal exuviae (SUM-IC-T0412–T0414), 4.v. 2005 (adults emerged 15–30.v. 2005); as previous except 1 male with pupal exuviae (SUM-IC-T0415), 15.viii. 2009 (adult emerged 18.viii. 2009); Fukushima, Iwaki, Shiraiwa, 1 male with pupal exuviae (SUM-IC-T0416), 3.i. 1990 (adult emerged 26.ii. 1990); Iwaki, Yaguki, 5 males with 5 pupal and 2 larval exuviae (SUM-IC-T0417–T0421), and 2 females with 2 pupal and 1 larval exuviae (SUM-IC-T0422, T0423), 15.viii. 2009 (adults emerged 21–30.viii. 2009); as previous except 3 males with 2 pupa and 1 larval exuviae (SUM- IC-T0424–T0426), 2.i. 2010 (adults emerged 15–28.i. 2010); as previous except 4 males with 4 pupal and 4 larval exuviae (SUM-IC-T0427–T0430), 15.viii. 2010 (adults emerged 2–5.ix. 2010); as previous except 2 males with 2 pupal and 2 larval exuviae (SUM-IC-T0431, T0432), 15.viii. 2011 (adults emerged 20 and 27.viii. 2011); Kanagawa, Kiyokawa, Miyagase, 6 males with 6 pupal exuviae (SUM-IC-T0433–T0438), and 4 females with 4 pupal exuviae (SUM-IC-T0439–T0442), 14.vi. 1998 (adults emerged 19.vi.– 1.vii. 1998); Yamanashi, Nagasaka, 3 males with 3 pupal exuviae (SUM-IC-T0443–T0445), 13.ix. 1999 (adults emerged 20–22.ix. 1999); Shizuoka, Suruga-ku, Nagasawa River, 1 female with pupal and larval exuviae (SUM-IC-T0446), 8.x. 1997 (adult emerged 15.x. 1997); Shizuoka, Fujieda, Forest Park Fujieda, 1 male with pupal exuviae (SUM-IC-T0447), and 1 female with pupal exuviae (SUM-IC-T0448), 9.vi. 1999 (adults emerged 15.vi. 1999); Gifu, Mino, Suhara, Nagara River, 1 male with pupal exuviae (SUM-IC-T0449), and 1 female with pupal exuviae (SUM-IC-T0450), 12.ix. 2009 (adults emerged 26–27.ix. 2009).

Description

Description. Male (n = 42). Body length 2.7 –4.0, 3.1 (31) mm. Colouration. Thorax yellow with brown scutal vittae, anepisternum II, preepisternum and postnotum. All abdominal tergites pale yellow, occasionally tergites VI–VIII darkened anteriorly. Wing (Fig. 26) darkened on humeral cross-vein, RM, FCu, and on costal vein and surrounding areas at apices of R 1, R 2 and R 4 + 5. Subbasal and median bands on foretibia located 0.78–0.81 and 0.38–0.43, respectively, from apex of tibia. Head. Temporals 19 –32, 26 (28), multiserial except uniserial postorbitals. AR 1.6–1.9. Clypeus trapezoid with 26 –44, 34 (31) setae. Lengths of palpomeres 1–5 (μm): 40 –55, 49 (27); 85 –125, 98 (27); 120–175, 143 (27); 90– 130, 108 (27); 225–325, 265 (27). Pm 4 0.70–0.84 times as long as Pm 3; Pm 5 2.3–2.7 times as long as Pm 4. Thorax. Aps 5 –15, 9 (30); Ac 45 –74, 57 (27), biserial between median scutal vittae, diverging posteriorly; Dc 14 –27, 19 (31), uniserial, occasionally biserial anteriorly; H 6 –15, 10 (31); Pa 12 –26, 18 (31); Su 1 –2, 1 (30); Scts 25 –43, 32 (31). Wing. Length 1.8–2.7, 2.1 (31) mm, Squama with 25 –43, 33 (29) setae. VR 0.82–0.91. Legs. Spur on foretibia 35 –58, 46 (31) μm long with 6 –8, 7 (27) lateral teeth. Spurs on mid tibia 50 –70, 57 (30) and 23 –43, 29 (30) μm long, with 6 –8, 7 (16) and 4 –6, 5 (23) lateral teeth, respectively; inner spur 1.6–2.3 times as long as outer spur. Spurs on hind tibia 58 –85, 66 (30) and 23 –38, 28 (29) μm long, with 4 –6, 5 (10) and 2 –5, 3 (21) lateral teeth, respectively; inner spur 2.0–3.0 times as long as outer spur; hind tibial comb consisting of 5 –7, 6 (31) bristles. All legs with subapical pseudospurs on ta 1–3; claws pointed or weakly bifid apically, each with 2 (31) long and 2 –3, 3 (31) short basoventral spines. Lengths and proportions of leg segments as in Table 3. Hypopygium (Fig. 27). Tergite IX with 2 –12, 4 (31) lateral setae. Gonocoxite 135–188, 151 (31) μm long; dorsal lobe 20 –28, 24 (31) μm long, apically curved outwards with setal fringe; blade 30 –45, 36 (31) μm long, distally curved and pointed; lateral lobe 25 –35, 30 (26) μm long, well defined, lanceolate with weak serrations; lateral filaments not evident (Fig. 28). Gonostylus 138–195, 156 (31) μm long, 0.95–1.1 times as long as gonocoxite; megaseta apically expanded. Female (n = 9). Body length 2.0– 2.2, 2.1 (7) mm. Colouration. Similar to male. Subbasal and median bands on foretibia located 0.75–0.80 and 0.41–0.43, respectively, from apex of tibia. Seminal capsule brown on oral 2 / 3.

Male fe ti ta1ta2ta3ta4ta5LR BR P1 646–899 715 768–1040 835 586–828 658 394–586 447 282–404 324 182–263 204 111–162 124 0.75–0.84 3.0–4.2P2 677–1020 794 657–960 746 576–788 642 313–455 363 232–333 265 152–222 175 101–141 114 0.81–0.98 4.5–6.9P3 646–939 727 869–1252 978 747–1061 839 394–596 455 293–455 337 192–283 217 111–152 121 0.82–0.91 5.0–6.7Female P1 586–768 659 646–838 726 545–697 596 323–444 361 232–323 265 162–202 177 101–121 110 0.79–0.84P2 687–889 766 657–818 722 576–667 609 303–394 336 212–273 242 141–182 160 101–121 108 0.81–0.88P3 616–808 687 788–1030 878 697–859 763 374–495 420 273–374 316 172–232 199 101–131 114 0.83–0.91

Head. Temporals 26 –38, 32. Antenna with terminal flagellomere almost as long as preceding 3 flagellomeres together; AR 0.26–0.31. Clypeus with 43 –62, 50 setae. Lengths of palpomeres 1–5 (μm): 45 –55, 50 (7); 80 –110, 91 (7); 133–158, 141 (7); 100–118, 109 (7); 225–290, 258 (7). Pm 4 0.74–0.80 times as long as Pm 3; Pm 5 2.2–2.5 times as long as Pm 4. Thorax. Aps 8 –16, 10; Ac 51 –77, 65 (8); Dc 21 –28, 24; H 15 –23, 19; Pa 23 –32, 28; Su 1; Scts 37 –52, 42 (7). Wing. Length 1.5–2.2, 1.8 mm. Squama with 24 –45, 36 (7) setae. VR 0.83–0.90. Legs. Spur on foretibia 43 –53, 46 (8) μm long with 6 –7, 7 (4) lateral teeth. Spurs on mid tibia 50 –60, 54 and 23 –35, 27 (8) μm long, with 7 (4) and 5 –6, 5 (7) lateral teeth, respectively; inner spur 1.6–2.3 times as long as outer spur. Spurs on hind tibia 58 –70, 62 μm long and 23 –33, 25 (8) μm long, with 6 (1) and 3 –5, 4 (6) lateral teeth, respectively; inner spur 1.9–2.9 times as long as outer spur; hind tibial comb consisting of 5 –6, 6 bristles. All legs with subapical pseudospurs on ta 1–3; hind leg with 3 –7, 5 sensilla chaetica on basal 0.41–0.51 of ta 1. Lengths and proportions of leg segments as in Table 3. Genitalia (Fig. 29). Notum 95–130, 117 (7) μm long and almost twice as long as ramus. Seminal capsule oval, 58 –63, 60 (3) μm long and 53 –55, 54 (3) μm wide. Segment X with 1 –5, 3 (8) fine setae on each side. Pupa (n = 38). Body length 3.5–4.9, 3.9 mm. Colouration. Exuviae pale brown and pigmentation pattern distinct. Wing sheath brown along margin and veins. Abdominal tergites II–VI pale brown each with dark transverse band along posterior margin somewhat interrupted submedially, and pair of dark vertical medial bands or pair of dark patches anteromedially, occasionally tergites V and VI without dark markings (Fig. 30 a, b). Cephalothorax. Thoracic horn (Fig. 31) 320–450, 349 (33) μm long and 1.6–2.1 times as long as broadest width; apex of aeropyle tube club-shaped (Fig. 32 a, b). Thoracic comb composed of 9 –15, 11 teeth with rounded apices. Abdomen (Fig. 33). Tergal shagreen (Fig. 34) consisting of slightly arched, transverse rows of 2–4 spinules. LS 1 -seta on A.VII located 0.38–0.49 from anterior margin, and on A.VIII located 0.22–0.33. Anal lobe 345–460, 374 μm long, 2.2–2.9 times as long as wide; anterior and posterior anal macrosetae located 0.54–0.59 and 0.60– 0.65, respectively, from anterior margin; male genital sac 0.74–0.81 as long as anal lobe. Fourth instar larva (n = 11). Colouration. Head yellow with dark postoccipital margin; body entirely yellow when live. Head. Length 737–828, 768 (3) μm; cephalic index 0.56–0.59. Ventral cephalic seta S 10 anterolateral or directly lateral to sensory pore; lines S 9 -VP and S 10 -VP making obtuse angle (Fig. 35). Antenna 0.54 (1) times as long as head capsule; lengths of segments 1–4 (μm): 315–395, 332 (10); 75 –83, 78 (8); 5 (8); 5 (8). AR 3.6–3.8. First antennal segment 14.0– 16.5 times as long as basal width, with ring organ located 0.63–0.65 from base; blade 80 –85, 83 (6) μm long, reaching middle of 3 rd segment; accessory blade 79 –85, 82 (6) μm long. Second antennal segment 15.0– 16.5 times as long as basal width; style 8 –10, 9 (6) μm long, reaching middle of 4 th segment; peg sensillum 3 (8) μm long. Mandible 120–155, 132 (9) μm long and 0.30–0.34 times as long as antenna; basal tooth with tip directed apically; accessory tooth large, partly overlying base of seta subdentalis. Basal segment of maxillary palp (Fig. 36) subdivided into 1 long (p 1) and 3 short parts (p 2–4), 80 –93, 87 (9) μm in total length, and 6.0– 7.1 times as long as basal width; p 2 0.4–0.5 times as long as P 1, and 1.0– 1.5 times as long as p 3. Ligula (Fig. 37) 93 –105, 98 (8) μm long, 1.8–2.1 times as long as toothed width, with basal granulose area occupying 0.23–0.28 of total length; middle tooth 1.5 –2.0 times as long as wide. Paraligula bifid and 45 –50, 48 (8) μm long; fork located 0.50–0.55 from base; outer spine 2.3–3.2 times as long as inner spine. Pecten hypopharyngis with 17 –20, 18 (6) teeth. Body. Procercus 2.9–3.2 times as long as basal width; both lateral setae located 0.35–0.39 and 0.65–0.73, respectively, from base. Posterior parapod with 16 claws including 1 brown and 2 dark brown claws; smallest claw gently curved, and large claws finely pectinate along inner and outer margins (Fig. 38).

Discussion

Remarks. Sasa (1990) described Ablabesmyia amamisimplex, based only on the holotype male reared in the laboratory, and noted (p. 135), “the present species is unusual in that legs and abdomen are entirely pale.” After reexamination of the holotype, it has become evident that the specimen has tibiae banded subbasally, centrally and apically, wings with two distinct markings along the costal margin, and an aedeagal complex with a dorsal lobe fringed apically, a blade curved distinctly, and a lateral lobe damaged by the slide-mounting preparation. The aforementioned features fit those of my specimens belonging to Ablabesmyia s. str. The Japanese species A. amamisimplex is valid as a member of this subgenus.

Judging from the adult morphology, A. (A.) amamisimplex belongs to the A. (A.) simpsoni species group. Based on the larva, however, the species does not belong to any group defined by Roback (1985), since the basal segment of maxillary palp is subdivided into four parts. The male of A. (A.) amamisimplex is most similar to that of A. (A.) longistyla Fittkau, in the dorsal lobe with an apical setal fringe and the aedeagal blade pointed apically, but the former differs in the wing with two dark spots along the costal margin, and the aedeagal blade curved distinctly. In A. (A.) longistyla, the wing has three dark spots, one located at the end of R 1, and two faint ones located at ends of R 3 and R 4 + 5, according to Bilyj (pers. comm.), who has examined the type specimen deposited in the Zoologische Staatssammlung München (ZSM), Germany. The aedeagal complex is armed with an almost straight blade, according to Fittkau (1962, fig. 396), Pinder (1978, fig. 17 C), Cranston & Judd (1989, fig. 7) and Panis et al. (1992, fig. 1). Kobayashi & Kubota (2002) ignored the morphological difference between the aedeagal blades of the two species. The pupal abdominal tergite IV has longitudinal dark bands sublaterally in A. (A.) longistyla (Langton 1984: 48), but not in A. (A.) amamisimplex. In the larva, the basal segment of the maxillary palp is subdivided into four parts in A. (A.) amamisimplex, while five or six parts in A. (A.) longistyla (Laville 1971, Rieradevall & Brooks 2001, Vallenduuk & Pillot 2007).

Taxon Treatment

  • Niitsuma, Hiromi; 2013: Revision of the Japanese Ablabesmyia (Diptera: Chironomidae: Tanypodinae), with descriptions of three new species, Zootaxa 3664: 487-492. doi
Link to Plazi.org

This treatment was originally uploaded by Plazi, compare this treatment on Plazi. Unless this treatment has been substantially changed on Species-ID, Plazi requests to maintain a link back to the original repository.

No known copyright restrictions apply on this formal expression of scientific knowledge. See Agosti, D., Egloff, W., 2009. Taxonomic information exchange and copyright: the Plazi approach. BMC Research Notes 2009, 2:53 for details.