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- (Nevermannia) maeaiense Hiroyuki, Takaoka, 2011, ZooKeys 89: 57-65.
Description.Female. Body length 2.4-2.6 mm. Head. Slightly narrower than thorax. Frons dark brown, thinly whitish-gray pruinose, densely covered with whitish-yellow recumbent hairs interspersed with several dark brown longer and stouter hairs along each lateral margin. Frontal ratio 1.55-1.79:1.00:2.53-2.76. Frons-head ratio 1.00:5.00-5.54. Fronto-ocular area (Fig. 1A) well developed, triangular, directed laterally and slightly upward. Clypeus dark brown, whitish-gray pruinose, densely covered with whitish-yellow recumbent hairs (except portion near upper margin bare) intermixed with several dark longer and stouter hairs on each side. Labrum 0.88-1.05 times as long as clypeus. Antenna composed of scape, pedicel and 9 flagellomeres, dark brown except scape, pedicel, and base of 1st flagellomere yellow. Maxillary palp consisting of 5 segments, proportional lengths of 3rd, 4th, and 5th segments 1.00:0.81 - 0.89:1.46-1.56; 3rd segment (Fig. 1B) much enlarged; sensory vesicle (Fig. 1B) elongate, 0.51-0.53 times as long as 3rd segment, with medium-sized opening. Maxillary lacinia with 7 or 8 inner and 10-13 outer teeth. Mandible with 21-23 inner teeth and lacking outer teeth. Cibarium (Fig. 1C) with 40-44 dark minute conical processes with pointed apices as well as numerous minute spinous processes near lower margin. Thorax. Scutum light to medium brown except anterolateral calli ocherous and narrow portion along each lateral margin and part of prescutellar area dark brown, with 3 dark brown narrow longitudinal vittae (1 medial, 2 submedial), thinly whitish-gray pruinose with 3 dark narrow non-pruinose longitudinal vittae (1 medial, 2 submedial) when illuminated at certain angle of light, and densely covered with whitish-yellow recumbent hairs intermixed with several dark brown upright hairs on prescutellar area. Scutellum ocherous, with several dark brown upright hairs as well as whitish-yellow shorter hairs. Postnotum medium to dark brown, whitish-gray pruinose and shiny when illuminated at certain angle of light, and bare. Pleural membrane bare. Katepisternum longer than deep, dark brown, and bare. Legs. Foreleg: coxa yellow; trochanter dark yellow; femur dark yellow to light brown with apical cap dark brown; tibia dark brown except median large portion of outer surface light brown; tarsus dark brown; basitarsus slender, slightly dilated, 8.4 times as long as its greatest width. Midleg: coxa medium brown; trochanter yellow; femur yellow with apical cap dark brown; tibia light brown except subbasal portion and apical cap medium to dark brown; tarsus dark brown. Hind leg: coxa light brown; trochanter yellow; femur yellow with apical cap dark brown; tibia (Fig. 1D) light brown except extreme base yellow, subbasal portion medium brown and apical cap dark brown; basitarsus (Fig. 1E) grayish-yellow except base and apical portion medium to dark brown; rest of tarsus dark brown except basal 1/2 of 2nd tarsomere grayish-yellow; basitarsus (Fig. 1E) nearly parallel-sided from base to middle, then slightly narrowed toward apex, 6.16-6.75 times as long as its greatest width, and 0.77-0.83 and 0.63-0.66 times as wide as hind tibia and femur, respectively; calcipala well developed, nearly as long as wide; pedisulcus well developed. Claw (Fig. 1F) with large basal tooth 0.49 times as long as claw. Wing. Length 2.6-2.8 mm. Costa with 2 parallel rows of dark brown spinules and dark hairs except on subbasal portion near humeral cross vein with patch of whitish hairs. Subcosta with dark hairs except apical 1/4 bare. Basal portion of radius fully haired; R1 with dark spinules and hairs; R2 with dark hairs. Hair tuft on stem vein dark brown. Basal cell absent. Abdomen. Basal scale ocherous, with fringe of whitish-yellow long hairs. Dorsal surface of abdomen dark brown to brownish-black except basal 1/2 of segment 2 ocherous, moderately covered with dark brown hairs as well as whitish-yellow hairs; tergites 2 and 6-8 shiny when illuminated at certain angle of light; ventral surface of segment 7 with large sternal plate medially. Genitalia. Sternite 8 (Fig. 1G) wide, bare medially but furnished with 18-22 long hairs as well as few short hairs on each side. Ovipositor valves (Fig. 1G) triangular, thin, membranous except inner margin narrowly sclerotized, densely covered with microsetae interspersed with 5-9 short hairs; inner margins slightly concave medially and narrowly or moderately separated from each other. Genital fork (Fig. 1H,I) of inverted Y-form, with well sclerotized stem and relatively wide arms; each arm with lateral plate bearing round or triangular lobe-like projection directed medioposteriorly and short narrow stout projection directed anterodorsally; lateral plate of each arm with strongly sclerotized portion on anterior margin subapically in form of narrow horizontal bar, from which anterodorsally-directed projection arises. Paraproct in ventral view (Fig. 1J) roughly triangular, slightly longer than its greatest width; anteromedial surface nearly transparent, with 4-6 sensilla; paraproct in lateral view (Fig. 1K) somewhat protruding ventrally beyond ventral margin of cercus, and with 22-27 medium to long hairs on ventral and lateral surfaces. Cercus in lateral view (Fig. 1K) rounded posteriorly, 0.49 times as long as basal width. Spermatheca (Fig. 1L) nearly ovoidal, 1.15 times as long as its greatest width, strongly sclerotized except small area around juncture with duct and duct itself unsclerotized, with distinct reticulate surface pattern and without internal setae; main spermathecal duct narrow, somewhat narrower than both accessory ducts. Male. Body length 2.6-2.9 mm. Head. Slightly wider than thorax. Holoptic; upper eye consisting of large facets in 19 vertical columns and 20 horizontal rows. Clypeus brownish-black, not shiny, whitish pruinose, moderately covered with yellow hairs intermixed with dark brown longer hairs except medial portion widely bare. Antenna composed of scape, pedicel and 9 flagellomeres, dark brown except base of 1st flagellomere yellow, scape and pedicel light brown; 1st flagellomere elongate, 2.29-2.33 times as long as 2nd one. Maxillary palp dark brown, composed of 5 segments, proportional lengths of 3rd, 4th, and 5th segments 1.00:1.03-1.12:1.93-1.95; 3rd segment (Fig. 2A) of moderate size; sensory vesicle (Fig. 2A) small, ellipsoidal, 0.17-0.25 times as long as 3rd segment. Thorax. Scutum medium to dark brown, with 3 dark longitudinal vitae (1 medial and 2 submedial), whitish pruinose except 3 longitudinal vittae non-pruinose, and slightly shiny when viewed at certain angle of light, densely covered with golden-yellow recumbent hairs interspersed with several dark brown upright hairs on prescutellar area. Scutellum ocherous, with many dark brown upright long hairs as well as golden-yellow shorter hairs. Postnotum dark brown and bare. Pleural membrane bare. Katepisternum longer than deep, medium to dark brown, and bare. Legs. Foreleg: coxa yellow; trochanter yellow with somewhat dark portion on outer surface; femur dark yellow to light brown except apical cap dark brown; tibia dark brown though median large area on outer surface light to medium brown; tarsus entirely brownish-black; basitarsus slender, cylindrical, 10.0 times as long as its greatest width. Midleg: coxa medium brown though dark brown on posterolateral surface; trochanter yellow with somewhat dark portion on outer surface; femur dark yellow to light brown with apical cap dark brown; tibia dark brown with median large portion light brown; tarsus dark brown. Hind leg: coxa light to medium brown; trochanter yellow; femur dark yellow to light brown with apical cap dark brown; tibia dark brown with extreme base dark yellow and median large portion light to medium brown; tarsus medium brown except base and apical portion of basitarsus dark brown, and basal 1/2 of 2nd tarsomere light brown; basitarsus (Fig. 2B) enlarged, spindle-shaped, 4.63-4.86 times as long as its greatest width, and 0.88-0.92 and 0.85-0.86 times as wide as greatest widths of hind tibia and femur, respectively; calcipala well developed, nearly as long as basal width; pedisulcus moderately developed. Wing. As in female except subbasal patch of pale hairs on costal vein indistinct, and subcosta bare; length 2.4-2.5 mm. Abdomen. Basal scale brownish-black, with fringe of pale long hairs. Dorsal surface of abdominal segments entirely dark brown to brownish-black, not shiny, and moderately covered with light brown to black short to long hairs and yellow short hairs. Genitalia. Coxite in ventral view (Fig. 2C) rectangular, 1.92 times as long as its greatest width. Style in ventral view (Fig. 2C) short, 0.72 times as long as coxite, bent inwardly, with outer margin angled medially and with short stout spine apically; style in medial view (Fig. 2D) gently curved dorsally and nearly parallel-sided; style in ventrolateral view (Fig. 2E) broad, nearly parallel-sided from base to little beyond middle, then abruptly tapered apically; style in end view (Fig. 2F) tapered inward, with round apex. Ventral plate in ventral view (Fig. 2C) lamellate, subquadrate, 0.52 times as long as its greatest width, well sclerotized except anteromedian portion unsclerotized, with posterior margin slightly concave medially and submedially, and moderately covered with fine short setae on ventral surface except lateral portions widely bare; arm (Fig. 2C) short, slender, directed anteriorly; ventral plate in lateral view (Fig. 2G) with ventral margin nearly straight and arm short, tapered anterodorsally; ventral plate in caudal view (Fig. 2H) with dorsal margin markedly concave, with fine short setae centrally on posterior surface. Median sclerite (Fig. 2G,I) simple, club-shaped, narrow and strongly sclerotized except weakly sclerotized apical portion. Paramere (Fig. 2J) with 5 or 6 hooks decreasing in length toward apex. Aedeagal membrane (Fig. 2K) moderately covered with very minute setae; dorsal plate (Fig. 2K) triangular in shape, thin, weakly sclerotized. Ventral surface of 10th segment (Fig. 2L,M) without any distinct hairs near each posterolateral corner. Cercus (Fig. 2L,M) small, rounded and encircled by 8-12 simple hairs. Pupa. Body length 3.0-3.5 mm. Head. Integument (Fig. 3A) dark yellow, moderately or sparsely covered with tubercles; antennal sheaths bare; frons with 2 very short simple trichomes (Fig. 3A) near lateral margin on each side; face with 1 long somewhat stout simple trichome with coiled apex (Fig. 3A) on each side. Thorax. Integument dark yellow, moderately (though sparsely on certain portions) covered with round tubercles, with 3 long somewhat stout simple trichomes with coiled apices (Fig. 3B) mediodorsally, 2 simple trichomes (1 long, somewhat stout, with coiled apex, and 1 medium-long, slender, with uncoiled apex) (Fig. 3C) anterolaterally, 1 medium-long somewhat stout simple trichome with uncoiled apex (Fig. 3D) mediolaterally, and 3 very short slender simple trichomes with uncoiled apices (Fig. 3E) ventrolaterally on each side. Gill (Fig. 3F,G) with 6 long thread-like slender filaments, arranged as 2+1+2+1 filaments in horizontal plane from inside to outside; common basal stalk of moderate length, subequal in length to interspiracular trunk, and stalk of inner pair medium-long to long (varying from 0.4 mm to 0.8 mm in individual pupae); stalk of middle pair very short to short; all filaments tapered toward tip, subequal in length (4.4-5.5 mm) and thickness to one another except 2 filaments of inner pair somewhat shorter (3.5-4.3 mm long) and slightly thinner than others; cuticular surface with distinct annular ridges and furrows though becoming less distinct near apex, and densely covered with minute tubercles. Abdomen. Dorsally, segments 1 and 2 ocherous, weakly tuberculate; segment 1 with 1 short slender simple seta (Fig. 3H) on each side; segment 2 with 1 short slender simple seta and 5 very short spinous setae (Fig. 3I) on each side; segments 3 and 4 each with 4 hooks and 1 very short spinous seta on each side; segments 5-8 each with spine-combs directed backward in transverse row and comb-like groups of minute spines (though comb-like groups of minute spines indistinct on segment 5) on each side; segment 9 with pair of distinct horn-shaped terminal hooks (Fig. 3J), comb-like groups of minute spines and few to several tubercles. Ventrally, segments 3-8 each with comb-like groups of minute spines; segment 4 with 4 very short simple slender setae, of which 1 somewhat spinous, on each side; segment 5 with pair of bifid hooks submedially and few very short slender setae on each side; segments 6 and 7 each with pair of bifid inner and simple outer hooks (though simple very short seta in place of simple outer hook on segment 7) and few slender very short setae on each side. Cocoon (Fig. 3K,L). Wall-pocket shaped, compactly woven without open spaces in web, thin, with anterior margin somewhat thickly woven, and exten ding ventrolaterally; anterodorsal projection long, 1.2-1.5 mm, extending forward but sometimes bent downward as shown in Fig. 3L; individual threads invisible; 3.8-4.2 mm long by 2.6-2.9 mm wide. Mature larva. Body length 7.0-7.8 mm. Body (Fig. 4A,B) yellow though somewhat grayish on ventral surface of thorax, with reddish-brown markings on abdomen; i.e., segment 1 on each side with 2 spots (1 laterally, 1 ventrolaterally), segment 2 on each side with 2 spots (1 dorsally, 1 laterally), segment 3 on each side with 6 spots (2 dorsally which are connected or separated, 3 laterally, 1 ventrolaterally), segment 4 on each side with 3 spots (2 dorsally which are connected or separated, 1 laterally), segment 5 on each side with 3 spots (2 dorsally, 1 laterally), segment 6 on each side with 3 spots (2 dorsally which are narrowly connected, 1 laterally), segment 7 on each side with 3 spots (2 dorsally which are usually connected, 1 laterally), segment 8 on each side with 2 spots dorsally, segments 5 and 6 each with faint spot ventromedially; lateral spots on segments 5-7 not well defined, some of other lateral spots very faint or even indistinct in some larvae. Cephalic apotome yellow, with distinct head spots. Lateral surface of head capsule yellow, except eye-spot region white; eyebrow distinct, with 1 dark round spot medially; 2 large spots and 1 small spot near posterior margin and 2 small spots below eye-spot region moderately positive. Ventral surface of head capsule (Fig. 4C) yellow except most of postgenal bridge light to dark brown and basal area on each side of postgenal cleft dark brown; 1 horizontal and 2 round spots on each side of postgenal cleft moderately positive. Cervical sclerite composed of 2 small elliptical pieces, not fused to occiput, widely separated medially from each other. Antenna consisting of 3 segments and apical sensillum, much longer than stem of labral fan; proportional lengths of 1st, 2nd, and 3rd segments 1.00:0.80-0.95:0.72-0.74. Labral fan with 23-25 main rays. Mandible (Fig. 4D) with mandibular serrations consisting of 2 teeth (1 large and 1 small); large tooth making nearly right angle or slightly less with mandible on apical side; comb-teeth composed of 3 teeth shortened from 1st to 3rd; supernumerary serrations absent. Hypostoma (Fig. 4E) with 9 apical teeth in row; median and corner teeth well developed; middle tooth of 3 intermediate teeth on each side smallest; lateral margin nearly smooth or with 1 or 2 very weakly developed teeth apically; 5-7 hypostomal bristles lying slightly divergent posteriorly from lateral margin on each side. Postgenal cleft (Fig. 4C,F,G) small, variable in shape, usually quadrate or rounded, 0.30-0.33 times as long as postgenal bridge. Thoracic cuticle bare; histoblast of pupal gill in outer view (Fig. 4H) with common basal stalk of medium length, from which 4 filaments arising; 2 middle filaments bearing very short stalk, and inner and outer filaments each arising individually; histoblast of pupal gill in inner view (Fig. 4I) showing remaining 2 filaments with relatively long stalk arising just below inner individual filament. Abdominal cuticle bare except both sides of anal sclerite moderately covered with simple colorless setae. Rectal scales present. Rectal organ compound, each lobe with 13-19 long finger-like secondary lobules. Anal sclerite of usual X-form, with anterior arms nearly as long as posterior ones, broadly sclerotized at basal juncture; sensilla absent on and just posterior to basal juncture area; accessory sclerite absent. Last abdominal segment much expanded ventrally forming large ventral papillae. Posterior circlet with 75-86 rows of up to 14 hooklets per row.
Etymology. The species name maeaiense refers to the name of the district, Mae Ai, where this new species was collected.