From ZooTerms (Dictionary of Invertebrate Zoology)
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Brachiopoda also brachiopods (noun, plural; Greek brachys, short; pous, foot): A phylum of relatively small, solitary coelomates enclosed within a bivalved shell and usually attached to the substrate by a pedicle; common called lamp shells; brachiopods have one of the longest and best recorded fossil histories in the animal kingdom.