Vespula infernalis

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Kimsey L, Carpenter J (2012) The Vespinae of North America (Vespidae, Hymenoptera). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 28 : 37–65, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2012-08-24, version 26798, , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

Citation formats to copy and paste


author = {Kimsey, Lynn S. AND Carpenter, James M.},
journal = {Journal of Hymenoptera Research},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {The Vespinae of North America (Vespidae, Hymenoptera)},
year = {2012},
volume = {28},
issue = {},
pages = {37--65},
doi = {10.3897/JHR.28.3514},
url = {},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2012-08-24, version 26798, , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}


RIS/ Endnote:

T1 - The Vespinae of North America (Vespidae, Hymenoptera)
A1 - Kimsey L
A1 - Carpenter J
Y1 - 2012
JF - Journal of Hymenoptera Research
JA -
VL - 28
IS -
UR -
SP - 37
EP - 65
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2012-08-24, version 26798, , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/JHR.28.3514

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="Kimsey2012Journal of Hymenoptera Research28">{{Citation
| author = Kimsey L, Carpenter J
| title = The Vespinae of North America (Vespidae, Hymenoptera)
| journal = Journal of Hymenoptera Research
| year = 2012
| volume = 28
| issue =
| pages = 37--65
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/JHR.28.3514
| url =
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2022-08-18

}} Versioned wiki page: 2012-08-24, version 26798, , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Ordo: Hymenoptera
Familia: Vespidae
Genus: Vespula


Vespula infernalis (de Saussure) stat. n.Wikispecies linkPensoft Profile


The distribution of Vespula austriaca closely resembles that of acadica, occurring in subarctic Alaska and Canada, and southward in the western mountain ranges.


This is an obligatory social parasite of Vespula acadica (Reed et al. 1979[4]). This species has been known as Vespula austriaca, a Palearctic species, since Bequaert (1916), but there are sculptural differences in queens between Palearctic and Nearctic specimens.

Taxon Treatment

Other References

  1. Saussure H (1853–58) Monographie des Guêpes Sociales ou de la Tribu des Vespiens. Masson, Paris, and J. Cherbuliez, Genève.
  2. Packard A (1870) Notice of Hymenoptera and nocturnal Lepidoptera collected in Alaska by W. H. Dall, Director of the Scientific Corps of the Western Union Telegraph Company. Transactions of the Chicago Academy of Sciences 2: 25-32.
  3. Fabricius J (1787) Mantissa Insectorum. Hafniae.
  4. Reed H, Akre R, Garnett W (1979) A North American host of the yellowjacket social parasite Vespula austriaca (Panzer) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Entomological News 90: 110-113.