|Notice:||This page is derived from the original publication listed below, whose author(s) should always be credited. Further contributors may edit and improve the content of this page and, consequently, need to be credited as well (see
). Any assessment of factual correctness requires a careful review of the original article as well as of subsequent contributions.
If you are uncertain whether your planned contribution is correct or not, we suggest that you use the associated discussion page instead of editing the page directly.
This page should be cited as follows (rationale):
Citation formats to copy and paste
TY - JOUR
See also the citation download page at the journal.
Male holotype from Constant Sorrow Cave, Camp Bullis, Bexar County, Texas, 6-March-2001, G. Veni, 29.63N, 98.58W, (AMNH).
This species is named in honor of Peter Sprouse, fellow caver, biologist and collector of several Tayshaneta species in Texas caves.
Other material examined
USA: Texas: Bexar County: Breached Dam Cave, 4-October-1995, J. Reddell, M. Reyes, 1 juv., (TMM);Breached Dam Cave, 1-November-2000, J. Reddell, M. Reyes, 1 ♂, (TMM).
Tayshaneta sprousei may be separated from all Tayshaneta species by having the following combination of characters: male palpal tarsus undivided, tapering apically (Fig. 48C); retrolateral tibial spine elongate, 0.5× length of palpal tarsus; embolus oval, smooth along margins (E, Fig. 48D); ventral sclerite short, less than the width of the embolus (Fig. 48B, D–F).
Male (holotype). Body length 1.1, carapace 0.47 long, 0.40 wide, length 1.18× width. Carapace pale yellow, sparsely setose; eyes surrounded by faint dark markings (Figs 27A–C). Legs elongate and thin, femur I 1.19× carapace length, covered in fine setae and with few scattered spines. Palpal tarsus entire, tapering apically (TS, Fig. 48C); retrolateral tibial spine straight, sculptured throughout, length 0.49× tarsus length. Bulb suboval, length 1.52× width; embolus oval, smooth along margins (E, Fig. 48D), length 2.0× width; ventral sclerite short, less than embolus width (VS, Figs 48B, D–F). Abdomen pale yellow, without pattern, 0.63 long, 0.50 wide, covered in fine setae.
Variation (n = 2). Total length 1.10–1.12; carapace length 1.18–1.36 × carapace width; length femur I 1.19–1.2 × carapace width.
Known from two caves in Bexar County, Texas (Fig. 59).
- Ledford, J; Paquin, P; Cokendolpher, J; Campbell, J; Griswold, C; 2012: Systematics, conservation and morphology of the spider genus Tayshaneta (Araneae, Leptonetidae) in Central Texas Caves ZooKeys, 167: 1-102. doi