Taygetis ypthima

From Species-ID
Jump to: navigation, search
Notice: This page is derived from the original publication listed below, whose author(s) should always be credited. Further contributors may edit and improve the content of this page and, consequently, need to be credited as well (see page history). Any assessment of factual correctness requires a careful review of the original article as well as of subsequent contributions.

If you are uncertain whether your planned contribution is correct or not, we suggest that you use the associated discussion page instead of editing the page directly.

This page should be cited as follows (rationale):
Siewert R, Zacca T, Dias F, Freitas A, Mielke O, Casagrande M (2013) The “Taygetis ypthima species group” (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae): taxonomy, variation and description of a new species. ZooKeys 356 : 11–29, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2013-11-27, version 40057, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Taygetis_ypthima&oldid=40057 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

Citation formats to copy and paste

BibTeX:

@article{Siewert2013ZooKeys356,
author = {Siewert, Ricardo Russo AND Zacca, Thamara AND Dias, Fernando Maia Silva AND Freitas, André Victor Lucci AND Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik AND Casagrande, Mirna Martins},
journal = {ZooKeys},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {The “Taygetis ypthima species group” (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae): taxonomy, variation and description of a new species},
year = {2013},
volume = {356},
issue = {},
pages = {11--29},
doi = {10.3897/zookeys.356.6481},
url = {http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/6481/abstract},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2013-11-27, version 40057, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Taygetis_ypthima&oldid=40057 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}

}

RIS/ Endnote:

TY - JOUR
T1 - The “Taygetis ypthima species group” (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae): taxonomy, variation and description of a new species
A1 - Siewert R
A1 - Zacca T
A1 - Dias F
A1 - Freitas A
A1 - Mielke O
A1 - Casagrande M
Y1 - 2013
JF - ZooKeys
JA -
VL - 356
IS -
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.356.6481
SP - 11
EP - 29
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2013-11-27, version 40057, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Taygetis_ypthima&oldid=40057 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/zookeys.356.6481

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="Siewert2013ZooKeys356">{{Citation
| author = Siewert R, Zacca T, Dias F, Freitas A, Mielke O, Casagrande M
| title = The “Taygetis ypthima species group” (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae): taxonomy, variation and description of a new species
| journal = ZooKeys
| year = 2013
| volume = 356
| issue =
| pages = 11--29
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/zookeys.356.6481
| url = http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/6481/abstract
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2021-08-05

}} Versioned wiki page: 2013-11-27, version 40057, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Taygetis_ypthima&oldid=40057 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Taxonavigation

Ordo: Lepidoptera
Familia: Nymphalidae
Genus: Taygetis

Name

Taygetis ypthima Hübner, [1821]Wikispecies linkPensoft Profile

Examined material

BRASIL – Bahia: Jitaúna – 25-III-1969, 1 female, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27. 720 (DZUP). Rio de Contas, 150 m, 4-III-1969, 1 female, H. Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.721 (DZUP). Minas Gerais: Alfenas – 27-I-2012, 1 male, Brito leg., VPI2.2-214 (ZUEC). Camanducaia – Monteverde, 1650m, 8-II-1979, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.646 (DZUP); Cambuquira – 10-XII-1968, 1 male and 1 female, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.432, DZ 26.433 (DZUP); 12-X-1968, 1 female, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 26.434 (DZUP); 15-IX-1969, 1 female, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.647 (DZUP); Conceição dos Ouros – Rio Sapucaí, 24-II-1968, 1 female, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.648 (DZUP); Marliéria – Parque Estadual do Rio Doce, 200 m, 08-IX-1972, 1 female, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.718 (DZUP); 16-III-1972, 1 male, H. & H. D. Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.719 (DZUP). Itamonte – Vargem Grande, 1600m, 17-II-2010, 1 male, Mielke & Casagrande leg., DZ 27.554 (DZUP); NE side of Itatiaia, 1300m, II-1959, 1 male, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.671 (DZUP); Passa Quatro – Paiolinho, Fazenda Serra Fina, 1600m, 16-II-2010, 1 male, Mielke & Casagrande leg., DZ 27.645 (DZUP); Virgínia – Fazenda dos Campos, 1500m, 13-15-II-2010, Mielke & Casagrande leg., DZ 27.540 (DZUP). Rio de Janeiro: Nova Friburgo – 1000m, 23-I-1983, 1 female, O.-C. Mielke leg., DZ 27.644 (DZUP); Itatiaia – 900m, 23-I-1936, 1 male, Gagarin leg., ex-coll. Gargarin, DZ 27.472; II-1958, 2 male, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.634, DZ 27.635 (DZUP); 1600m, 14-II-1956, 1 male and 2 females, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.637, DZ 27.638, DZ 27.639 (DZUP); Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, Maromba, 1100m, 06-09-II-2011, 1 female, Freitas leg., ZUEC LEP 5.372 (ZUEC); Petrópolis – Independência, 900m, 13-III-1933, 1 male, Gargarin leg., ex-coll. Gagarin, DZ 27.655 (DZUP); Rio de Janeiro – 14-XI-1920, 1 male, D’Almeida leg., ex-coll. D’Almeida, DZ 27.654 (DZUP); Teresópolis – 1600m, 20-II-1967, 1 female, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.637 (DZUP). São Paulo: Apiaí – IV-1972, 1 male, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.636 (DZUP); Campos do Jordão – I.1966, 5 males and 3 females, without collector, DZ 27.369, DZ 27.579, DZ 27.588, DZ 27.589, DZ 27.591, DZ 27.597, DZ 27.602, DZ 27.603 (DZUP); 1600-2000m, 8-12-II-1982, 2 males, Mielke & Casagrande, DZ 27.587, DZ 27.595 (DZUP); Parque Estadual Campos do Jordão, 1950m, 10-II-1968, 2 males, Mielke, Brown & Laroca leg., DZ 27.593, DZ 27.600 (DZUP); 1800m, 11-12-I-2001, 1 female, Brown & Freitas leg. (ZUEC-AVLF); Capão Bonito – Fazenda Intervales, Sede, 950-1100m, 30-XII-1989, 1 female, Freitas leg. (ZUEC-AVLF); 15-II-2000, 2 females, Brown, Freitas, Francini & Uehara-Prado leg., ZUEC LEP 1.776 (ZUEC); 13-XII-2000, 1 male and 1 female, Brown, Freitas, Francini & Uehara-Prado leg., ZUEC LEP 4.731, ZUEC LEP 4.732 (ZUEC); 5-6-XII-2001, 1 male and 1 female, Brown & Freitas leg. (ZUEC-AVLF); 15-I-2002, 1 female, Brown, Freitas, Francini & Uehara-Prado leg., ZUEC LEP 802 (ZUEC); 17-I-2003, 2 males and 2 females, Brown, Freitas, Francini & Uehara-Prado leg., ZUEC LEP 1.028, ZUEC LEP 1.547, ZUEC LEP 1.548, ZUEC LEP 1.549 (ZUEC); 19-I-2003, 3 males, Brown, Freitas & Uehara-Prado leg., ZUEC LEP 1.180, ZUEC LEP 1.286, ZUEC LEP 1.305 (ZUEC); Cotia – Morro Grande, 900-1100m, 15-III-2000, 1 female, Uehara-Prado & Freitas leg. (ZUEC-AVLF); 22-XII-2000, 1 female, Brown & Uehara-Prado leg. ZUEC LEP 1.781 (ZUEC); Imbariê – 7-I-1956, 1 female, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.633 (DZUP); Jundiaí – Serra do Japi, 11-V-2012, 1 female, Santos leg., BLU 246 (ZUEC); Piquete – Barreira de Piquete, 1400-1600m, 15-II-1984, 2 males, Mielke & Casagrande leg., DZ 27.585, DZ 27.596 (DZUP); Presidente Venceslau – without date, 2 males and 4 females, D’Almeida leg., DZ 27.656, DZ 27.657, DZ 27.658, DZ 27.659, DZ 27.660, DZ 27.661 (DZUP); Rio Claro – 60m, 6-I-1964, 5 males and 1 female, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.392, DZ 5.500, DZ 27.663, DZ 27.630, DZ 27.631, DZ 27.632 (DZUP); 16-V-1965, 1 male, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.662 (DZUP); Salesópolis – Estação Biológica da Boraceia, 900m, 21-II-2006, 1 male, Uehara-Prado & Freitas leg. (ZUEC-AVLF); 27-III-2006, 1 male, Uehara-Prado & Freitas leg. (ZUEC-AVLF); Umuarama – 1800m, 8-15-III-1937, 8 males and 2 females, Gargarin leg., ex-coll. Gagarin, DZ 27.584, DZ 27.586, DZ 27.590, DZ 27.592, DZ 27.593, DZ 27.594, DZ 27.598, DZ 27.599, DZ 27.601, DZ 27.632 (DZUP). Paraná: Foz do Iguaçu – 250m, 17-II-1969, 3 males, Moure & Mielke leg., DZ 26.741, DZ 1.626, DZ 27.368 (DZUP); 10-X-1969, 1 male, Krause leg., DZ 26.740 (DZUP); Parque Nacional do Iguaçu, 21-24-IV-1996, 2 females, Mielke & Casagrande leg., DZ 26.743, DZ 26.769 (DZUP); Curitiba – 900m, 20-III-1980, 1 male, O. Mielke leg., DZ 27.405 (DZUP); Uberaba, Tirol das Torres, 900m, 5-II-2010, 1 female, O. Mielke leg., DZ 26.742 (DZUP); Rolândia – Rio Tibagi, 750m, XII-1941, 1 male, Waltz leg., DZ 27.397 (DZUP). Santa Catarina: Canoinhas – I, 1 male, Pohl leg., DZ 27.667 (DZUP); 16-IX-1941, 1 male, Schimith leg., DZ 27.668 (DZUP); Ibirama – I, 1 male, Pohl leg., DZ 27.666 (DZUP); VIII, 1 female, Pohl leg., DZ 27.670 (DZUP); XII, Pohl leg., DZ 27.669 (DZUP); Itaiópolis – 26-III-1937, 1 male, D’Almeida leg., ex-coll. D’Almeida, DZ 27.549 (DZUP); Itajaí– Agrolândia, 400m, II-1973, 1 female, Wulff leg., DZ 27.665 (DZUP); Joinville – 5-III-1974, 1 male, O. Mielke leg., DZ 26.778 (DZUP); São Bento do Sul – Rio Vermelho, 850m, 10-IV-1980, 1 female, Rank leg., DZ 27.640 (DZUP); 950m, 23-I-1982, 1 male, Rank leg., DZ 26.815 (DZUP); 650m, 30-I-1982, 1 male, Rank leg., DZ 26.816 (DZUP); 850m, 7-XII-1969, 1 male, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.649 (DZUP); 8-I-1971, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.643 (DZUP); 10-I-1971, 1 female, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.641 (DZUP); 7-VIII-1971, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.650 (DZUP); 3-X-1971, 1 female, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 5.499 (DZUP); 5-XII-1969, 1 male and 1 female, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.642, DZ 27.651 (DZUP); 6-XII-1969, 1 male and 1 female, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 26.429, DZ 27.653 (DZUP); 4-III-1980, 1 male, Ebert leg., ex-coll. Ebert, DZ 27.652 (DZUP); 8-V-1980, 1 male, Rank leg., DZ 27.664 (DZUP); Taió – February, 1 male, Pohl leg., DZ 27.666 (DZUP). Rio Grande do Sul: São José do Inhacorá – Alto Uruguai, 2-V-1980, 1 male, Steiniger leg., DZ 26.770 (DZUP). PARAGUAY – General Dias: Itaquiri – 400m, 15-20-I-1980, 5 males and 5 females, O.-C. Mielke & Myers leg., DZ 27.708, DZ 27.709, DZ 27.710, DZ 27.711, DZ 27.712, DZ 27.713, DZ 27.714, DZ 27.715, DZ 27.716, DZ 27.717 (DZUP). ARGENTINA – Corrientes: Santo Tomé – I-1924, 1 male, D’Almeida leg., ex-coll. D’Almeida, DZ 27.522 (DZUP). Misiones: General Manuel Belgrano – Almirante Brown, Reserva Yacutinga, 2-5-III-2007, 1 male, Mielke & Casagrande leg., DZ 27.531 (DZUP). Tucumán: Ibatim – Pueblo Viejo, 850m, 25-I-1970, 1 female, O. Mielke leg., DZ 27.707 (DZUP).

Diagnosis

Taygetis ypthima can be distinguished from Taygetis drogoni by the forewing underside submarginal band, not conspicuously constricted at M3; the proximal line is oblique in M3-CuA1 to the direction of the base of the wing, disjointed of the remainder of the line from CuA1 to the inner margin; submarginal band irregular, but about the same width from M1 to the inner margin, sometimes slightly wider at M3-CuA1; hind wing underside with the discal line curved and irregular, extending from the costal margin to the inner margin; and proximal line of the submarginal band distinctly curved and irregular. Tegumen smaller; valva thinner and longer, with a smaller dorsal rough area. Signa ventral; laterally, sternum VIII fused with tergum VIII; lamella antevaginalis with two lateral process.

Distribution

(Fig. 8). Occurs in northeastern, southeastern and southern Brazil, and also in Paraguay and Argentina, from sea level to 2000 m a.s.l. Based on label data, adults are present all year round.

Taxonomic comments

This is the commonest and more widespread species of the group. The high intraspecific variation observed in Taygetis yphtima yield a number of descriptions of local forms or synonyms: Taygetis xantippe Butler, [1870], Taygetis ophelia Butler, 1870; Taygetis ophelia f. semibrunnea Weymer, 1910 and Taygetis ypthima [sic] ab. lineata Kivirikko, 1936, all synonyms of Taygetis ypthima (Lamas 2004[1]; Warren et al. 2013[2]). Based on collected specimens, different phenotypes associated with these taxonomic names frequently occur in a same locality. Furthermore, the genitalia of these specimens are exactly alike the genitalia of typical Taygetis ypthima. Nonetheless, Taygetis fulginia D’Almeida, 1922, until recently considered a synonym of Taygetis ypthima (Lamas op. cit.), is in fact a valid species, with clear differences on morphology of male and female genitalia and wing pattern (see below).

Taxon Treatment

  • Siewert, R; Zacca, T; Dias, F; Freitas, A; Mielke, O; Casagrande, M; 2013: The “Taygetis ypthima species group” (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae): taxonomy, variation and description of a new species ZooKeys, 356: 11-29. doi

Other References

  1. Lamas G (2004) Nymphalidae. Satyrinae. Euptychiina. In: Lamas G (Ed) Atlas of the Neotropical Lepidoptera. Volume 5A. Checklist: Part 4A. Hesperioidea – Papilionoidea. Association for Tropical Lepidoptera/Scientific Publishers, Gainesville, 217-223.
  2. Warren A, Davis K, Stangeland E, Pelham J, Grishin N (2013) Illustrated Lists of American Butterflies. http://www.butterfliesofamerica.com

Images