Syllis prolifera

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This page should be cited as follows (rationale):
Liñero-Arana I, Díaz Díaz O (2011) Syllidae (Annelida, Polychaeta) from the Caribbean coast of Venezuela. ZooKeys 117 : 1–28, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2011-07-08, version 12654, , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

Citation formats to copy and paste


author = {Liñero-Arana, Ildefonso AND Díaz Díaz, Oscarn},
journal = {ZooKeys},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {Syllidae (Annelida, Polychaeta) from the Caribbean coast of Venezuela},
year = {2011},
volume = {117},
issue = {},
pages = {1--28},
doi = {10.3897/zookeys.117.858},
url = {},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2011-07-08, version 12654, , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}


RIS/ Endnote:

T1 - Syllidae (Annelida, Polychaeta) from the Caribbean coast of Venezuela
A1 - Liñero-Arana I
A1 - Díaz Díaz O
Y1 - 2011
JF - ZooKeys
JA -
VL - 117
IS -
UR -
SP - 1
EP - 28
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2011-07-08, version 12654, , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/zookeys.117.858

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="Liñero-Arana2011ZooKeys117">{{Citation
| author = Liñero-Arana I, Díaz Díaz O
| title = Syllidae (Annelida, Polychaeta) from the Caribbean coast of Venezuela
| journal = ZooKeys
| year = 2011
| volume = 117
| issue =
| pages = 1--28
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/zookeys.117.858
| url =
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2023-03-30

}} Versioned wiki page: 2011-07-08, version 12654, , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Ordo: Aciculata
Familia: Syllidae
Genus: Syllis


Syllis prolifera Krohn, 1852Wikispecies linkPensoft Profile

  • Typosyllis prolifera Imajima 1966[1]:292, fig. 65a–n.
  • Syllis (Typosyllis) prolifera Fauvel 1923[2]:261, fig. 97a–g.–Day 1967[3]:248, fig. 12.3.g–i.– 1973[4]:30.–Uebelacker 1984[5]:150–151, fig. 146a–g.
  • Syllis prolifera San Martín 1992[6]:171–173, fig. 1E–H.–San Martín and Bone 2001[7]:617.–San Martín 2003[8]:344–347, figs. 186–187.–Gobin 2010[9] (list only).

Material examined:

BMIL297, (3); BMPL297, (3); BMPL398, (10), BMIL598, (8); all specimens associated with Chondrila nucula, 1–2 m depth.


Length to 25.5 mm,width 0.7 mm. Body with up to 97 chaetigers. Anterior segments with a pair of brown, dorsal, transverse stripes. Prostomium with a pair of anterior eyespots and two pairs of eyes in trapezoidal arrangement. Median antenna with 21–30 articles, lateral ones with 17–23 articles. Dorsal tentacular cirri with 14–28 articles, ventral ones with 8–14 articles. Dorsal cirri alternating longer, with 24–42 articles, and shorter, with 10–19 articles. Dorsal simple chaeta, bifid from mid-body chaetigers (Fig. 3.25). Compound falcigers bidentate and serrated (Fig. 3.26). Ventral simple chaeta bidentate, slender with subdistal serrations (Fig. 3.27), only present on posterior chaetigers. Anterior aciculae slender with blunt tip, posterior ones enlarged distally. Pharynx extending through 5 chaetigers, with 10 marginal papillae encircling middorsal tooth. Proventriculus extending through 5 chaetigers, with 27–35 rows of muscle cells. Pygidium with a pair of anal cirri with 14–29 articles and digitiform midventral cirrus.


Japan, Indian Ocean, South Africa, Mediterranean Sea, Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico.

Taxon Treatment

  • Liñero-Arana, I; Díaz Díaz, O; 2011: Syllidae (Annelida, Polychaeta) from the Caribbean coast of Venezuela ZooKeys, 117: 1-28. doi

Other References

  1. Imajima M (1966) The Syllidae (Polychaetous Annelids) from Japan. I. Exogoninae. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory 13:385-404.
  2. Fauvel P (1923) Polychètes errantes. Faune de France 5:1-488.
  3. Day J (1967) A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Pt. 1 Errantia. Pt. 2. Sedentaria. British Museum of Natural History Publications 656:1-878.
  4. Day J (1973) New Polychaeta from Beaufort with a key to all species recorded from North Carolina. NOAA Technical Reports NMFS CIRC 375:1-140.
  5. Uebelacker J (1984) Family Syllidae Grube, 1850. In: Uebelacker J Johnson P (Eds) Taxonomic Guide to the Polychaetes of the Northern Gulf of Mexico. Barry A Vittor & Assoc., Inc., Mobile, Alabama, IV, 1–151.
  6. San Martín G (1992) Syllis Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 (Polychaeta: Syllidae: Syllinae) from Cuba, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida and North Carolina, with a revision of several species described by Verrill. Bulletin of Marine Science 51 (2):167-196.
  7. San Martín G, Bone D (2001) Syllidae (Polychaeta) de praderas de Thalassia testudinum en el Parque Nacional Morrocoy (Venezuela). Revista de Biología Tropical 49 (2):609-620.
  8. San Martín G (2003) Annelida, Polychaeta II: Syllidae. In: Ramos M (Eds) Fauna Ibérica, vol. 21. Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales. CSIC, Madrid, 554 pp.
  9. Gobin J (2010) Free-living marine polychaetes (Annelida) inhabiting hard-bottom substrates in Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies. Revista de Biología Tropical 58 (1):147-157.