Stegodyphus lineatus

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Miller J, Griswold C, Scharff N, Řezáč M, Szűts T, Marhabaie M (2012) The velvet spiders: an atlas of the Eresidae (Arachnida, Araneae). ZooKeys 195 : 1–144, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2012-05-18, version 24604, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Stegodyphus_lineatus&oldid=24604 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

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BibTeX:

@article{Miller2012ZooKeys195,
author = {Miller, Jeremy A. AND Griswold, Charles E. AND Scharff, Nikolaj AND Řezáč, Milan AND Szűts, Tamás AND Marhabaie, Mohammad},
journal = {ZooKeys},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {The velvet spiders: an atlas of the Eresidae (Arachnida, Araneae)},
year = {2012},
volume = {195},
issue = {},
pages = {1--144},
doi = {10.3897/zookeys.195.2342},
url = {http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/2342/abstract},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2012-05-18, version 24604, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Stegodyphus_lineatus&oldid=24604 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}

}

RIS/ Endnote:

TY - JOUR
T1 - The velvet spiders: an atlas of the Eresidae (Arachnida, Araneae)
A1 - Miller J
A1 - Griswold C
A1 - Scharff N
A1 - Řezáč M
A1 - Szűts T
A1 - Marhabaie M
Y1 - 2012
JF - ZooKeys
JA -
VL - 195
IS -
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.195.2342
SP - 1
EP - 144
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2012-05-18, version 24604, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Stegodyphus_lineatus&oldid=24604 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/zookeys.195.2342

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="Miller2012ZooKeys195">{{Citation
| author = Miller J, Griswold C, Scharff N, Řezáč M, Szűts T, Marhabaie M
| title = The velvet spiders: an atlas of the Eresidae (Arachnida, Araneae)
| journal = ZooKeys
| year = 2012
| volume = 195
| issue =
| pages = 1--144
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/zookeys.195.2342
| url = http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/2342/abstract
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2019-10-17

}} Versioned wiki page: 2012-05-18, version 24604, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Stegodyphus_lineatus&oldid=24604 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Taxonavigation

Ordo: Araneae
Familia: Eresidae
Genus: Stegodyphus

Name

Stegodyphus lineatus (Latreille)Wikispecies linkPensoft Profile

  • Eresus lineatus Latreille, 1817: 393.
  • Eresus acanthophilus Dufour, 1820: 302, pl. 95, figs 3–4 (not seen); Walckenaer 1837[1]: 399, pl. 11, fig. 1. Synonymy in Simon 1873[2]: 337.
  • Eresus unifasciatus C. L. Koch, 1846: 5, fig. 1081. Synonymy in Simon 1873[2]: 337.
  • Eresus fuscifrons C. L. Koch, 1846: 9, fig. 1084 (see Platnick 2011[3]). Synonymy in Simon 1873[2]: 337.
  • Eresus lituratus C. L. Koch, 1846: 11, fig. 1085. Synonymy in Simon 1873[2]: 337.
  • Stegodyphus lineatus (Latreille, 1817). Simon 1873[2]: 337; 1892[4]: 253, fig. 208; 1910[5]: 286, fig. 4A; Pavesi 1876[6]: 443; Bacelar 1929[7]: 252, figs 6–7; Nenilin and Pestova 1986[8]: 1734, figs 5, 6, 8; Kraus and Kraus 1988[9]: 231, figs 1–2, 28, 202–205, 227–228, 234–242; Ergashev 1990[10]: 44, figs 17–23; Melic 1995[11]: 11, figs 11–16; El-Hennawy 2009[12]: 130, figs 3–4, 9, 11; Le Peru 2011[13]: 321, fig. 562.
  • Eresus arenarius Kroneberg 1875[14]: 44, pl. 5, fig. 32 (not seen). Synonymy in Nenilin and Pestova 1986[8]: 1734.
  • Stegodyphus lineatus deserticola Simon 1908[15]: 79; 1910[5]: 287. Synonymy in Kraus and Kraus 1988[9]: 232.
  • Stegodyphus quadriculatus Franganillo 1925[16]: 38; 1926[17]: 75. Synonymy in Kraus and Kraus 1988[9]: 232.

Description

Male (Nengrahar, Afghanistan, MR010, MR): Carapace with numerous white setae, cephalic region subtriangular, longer than wide, strongly raised; AME nearly as large as PME (AME/PME 0.88), median eyes separated on horizontal axis, largely overlapping on vertical axis; ALE on small tubercles; PER much narrower than AER (PER/AER 0.62), PLE position on carapace 0.24; clypeal hood forms acute angle; fovea shallow. Chelicerae with lateral boss, excavated mesally. Legs with numerous white setae; leg I distinctly thickened and elongated (contra Kraus and Kraus 1988[9]: 232), without thick brush of setae; with distal ventral macrosetae on tibia I–IV, row of distal ventral macrosetae on metatarsus I–IV plus scattered ventral macrosetae on metatarsus and tarsus I–IV. Abdomen with numerous white setae (Figs 11A, B, 79A–D).
Male palp with proximal-distal axis; tegulum subtrapezoidal; conductor and embolus together form apical complex making one helical turn; conductor with more or less membranous and papilliated inner layer extending beyond moderately sclerotized outer layer; tegular division slightly longer than embolic division; cymbium with several prolateral macrosetae (Figs 15D–F, 79I, J, 80A–D).
Female (Belkis, Turkey, MR015, MR): Carapace with numerous white setae, cephalic region subtriangular, longer than wide, moderately raised; AME nearly as large as PME (AME/PME 0.87), median eyes separated on horizontal axis, largely overlapping on vertical axis; ALE on small tubercles; PER much narrower than AER (PER/AER 0.68), PLE position on carapace 0.21; clypeal hood forms acute angle; fovea shallow. Chelicerae contiguous mesally, with lateral boss. Legs with numerous white setae, with pair of distal ventral macrosetae on tibia I–IV and row of distal ventral macrosetae on metatarsus I–IV plus scattered ventral macrosetae on metatarsus and tarsus I–IV. Abdomen with numerous white setae (Figs 11C, D, 79E–H, 81A–F).
Epigynum with converging slit-like atria occupying nearly the total length, anteriomedian part with weak notch-shaped invagination, anteriolateral margin a strong curved ridge (Figs 18G, 82A). Vulva with spermathecal heads on thick sinuous stalks leading to multilobed spermathecae posteriorly (Figs 18J, 82B–D).

Spinneret spigot morphology

Our preparations are collapsed, obscuring the spigots of the posterior spinnerets, especially of the female. We are nevertheless able to make some provisional comments about the spigots. Female ALS with 5 MAP within and on inner edge of spinning field of more than 60 PI (Fig. 83E); male with at least 2 MAP within PI field; MAP shafts nearly smooth (Fig. 83B). Male PMS with 2 median mAP spigots flanked by a large anterior mAP tartipore (with shafts scaly as in other eresids), with 11 AC scattered anterior and posterior of mAP (Fig. 83C); female PMS spinning surface nearly hidden, but there appears to be numerous spigots, more than in male, so it is possible that, as in other eresids, both AC and CY are present. Male PLS with at least 13 AC (Fig. 83D); the base of the male PLS and most of the female PLS are not visible, so we cannot confirm the presence of a MS or flanking spigots. Male cribellar plate with no sign of spigots; numerous epiandrous gland spigots present (Fig. 80E, F).

Taxon Treatment

  • Miller, J; Griswold, C; Scharff, N; Řezáč, M; Szűts, T; Marhabaie, M; 2012: The velvet spiders: an atlas of the Eresidae (Arachnida, Araneae) ZooKeys, 195: 1-144. doi

Other References

  1. Walckenaer C (1837) Histoire naturelle des insectes. Aptères. Paris, 1: 1-682.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Simon E (1873) Aranéides nouveaux ou peu connus du midi de l’Europe. (2e mémoire). Mémoires de la Société royale des sciences de Liège Deuxième Série 5: 1-174.
  3. Platnick N (2011) The world spider catalog, Version 11.5. American Museum of Natural History, online at http://research.amnh.org/iz/spiders/catalog doi: 10.5531/db.iz.0001.
  4. Simon E (1892) Histoire Naturelle des Araignées. Deuxième edition. Volume 1. Paris, 256pp.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Simon E (1910) Catalogue raisonné des arachnides du nord de l’Afrique (1re partie). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France Paris 79: 265-332.
  6. Pavesi P (1876) Le prime crociere del Violante, comandato dal Capitano-Armatore Enrico d’Albertis. Risultati aracnologici. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 8: 407-451.
  7. Bacelar A (1929) Notas aracnológicas. II. Caracteres dos palpos e epiginos de algunas aranhas portuguesas. Bulletin da Sociedade Portuguesa de Sciencias Naturais 10: 245-262.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Nenilin A, Pestova M (1986) Spiders of the family Eresidae in the fauna of the USSR. Zoologicheskiy Zhurnal 65: 1734-1736. [in Russian]
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Kraus O, Kraus M (1988) The genus Stegodyphus (Arachnida, Araneae). Sibling species, species groups, and parallel origins of social living. Verhandlungen naturwissenschaften vereins Hamburg (NF) 30: 151-254.
  10. Ergashev N (1990) [Ecology of poisonous spiders from Uzbekistan]. Fan, Tashkent, 188 pp.[in Russian]
  11. Melic A (1995) La familia Eresidae (Arachnida; Araneae) en Aragon. Notes arachnológicas aragonesas, 4. Boletín Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa 11: 7-12.
  12. El-Hennawy H (2009) Eresidae of Sudan (Araneida: Eresidae). Serket 11: 129-137.
  13. Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522.
  14. Kroneberg A (1875) Araneae. In Fedtschenko, A. P. (ed.), Puteshestvie v Tourkestan. Reisen in Turkestan. Zoologischer Theil. Nachr Ges Moskau 19: 1-58. [in Russian]
  15. Simon E (1908) Etude sur les espèces de la famille des Eresidae qui habitent l’Egypte. Bulletin de la Société entomologique d’Egypte 1: 77-84.
  16. Franganillo B (1925) Contribución al estudio de la geografía aracnológica de la Península Ibérica. Boletin de la Sociedad Entomologica de Espana 8: 31-40.
  17. Franganillo B (1926) Arácnidos de Andalucía. Boletin de la Sociedad Entomologica de Espana 9: 69-82.

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