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Sphyradium Charpentier 1837 – Wikispecies link – Pensoft Profile
- Sphyradium doliolum (Bruguière 1792)
- Bulimus doliolum Bruguière Encyclopédie méthodique: 351. (1792)
- Sphyradium dobrogicum Grossu, new synonym Travaux du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle ‘’Grigore Antipa’’ 28: 7–13. Bucureşti. [Dobrogea, département de Tulcea, près du Monastère Cocoş de la Forêt Luncaviţa.] (1986)
- Sphyradium dobrogicum, — Grossu: Gastropoda Romaniae 2: 228–230, fig. 120. [‘’pădurea Luncaviţa în apropierea Mănăstirei Cocoş, jud. Tulcea’’]. (1987)
- Orcula dobrogica, — Welter-Schultes, European non-marine molluscs:143. (2012)
Sphyradium dobrogicum was described based on a single shell. The holotype could not be located in the collection of the Grigore Antipa National Museum of Natural History (Bucharest) during a recent search (2012). It could still be in Grossu’s house (Oana Popa, pers. comm., 2011) but, at present, the holotype seems to be lost.
Bank (2011) and Welter-Schultes (2012) assigned the species to Orcula without supporting evidence. Sphyradium dobrogicum has a domed apex, a ribbed shell and very weak lamellae (see original description and drawing), indicating that it may represent a dwarf specimen of Sphyradium doliolum. We visited the type locality of Sphyradium dobrogicum in 2011 but found only Sphyradium doliolum.
Based on available information we suggest using Sphyradium dobrogicum as a synonym of Sphyradium doliolum.
- Páll-Gergely, B; Deli, T; Irikov, A; Harl, J; 2013: Subgeneric division of the genus Orcula Held 1837 with remarks on Romanian orculid data (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Orculidae) ZooKeys, 301: 25-49. doi
- ↑ Bruguière J (1792) Encyclopédie méthodique. Histoire naturelle des vers. Tome premier. [ABE-CON]. Panckoucke, Paris, 1–18. http://biodiversitylibrary.org/item/105173#page/7/mode/1up
- ↑ Bank R (2011) Fauna Europaea: Orcula dobrogica. Fauna Europaea version 2.5, http://www.faunaeur.org/full_results.php?id=429997 (accessed in 02.04.2013)
- ↑ Welter-Schultes F (2012) European non-marine molluscs, a guide for species identification. Planet Poster Editions, Göttingen, 679 pp.