Salvatoria clavata

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Liñero-Arana I, Díaz Díaz O (2011) Syllidae (Annelida, Polychaeta) from the Caribbean coast of Venezuela. ZooKeys 117 : 1–28, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2011-07-08, version 12620, , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

Citation formats to copy and paste


author = {Liñero-Arana, Ildefonso AND Díaz Díaz, Oscarn},
journal = {ZooKeys},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {Syllidae (Annelida, Polychaeta) from the Caribbean coast of Venezuela},
year = {2011},
volume = {117},
issue = {},
pages = {1--28},
doi = {10.3897/zookeys.117.858},
url = {},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2011-07-08, version 12620, , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}


RIS/ Endnote:

T1 - Syllidae (Annelida, Polychaeta) from the Caribbean coast of Venezuela
A1 - Liñero-Arana I
A1 - Díaz Díaz O
Y1 - 2011
JF - ZooKeys
JA -
VL - 117
IS -
UR -
SP - 1
EP - 28
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2011-07-08, version 12620, , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/zookeys.117.858

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="Liñero-Arana2011ZooKeys117">{{Citation
| author = Liñero-Arana I, Díaz Díaz O
| title = Syllidae (Annelida, Polychaeta) from the Caribbean coast of Venezuela
| journal = ZooKeys
| year = 2011
| volume = 117
| issue =
| pages = 1--28
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/zookeys.117.858
| url =
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2023-03-30

}} Versioned wiki page: 2011-07-08, version 12620, , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Ordo: Aciculata
Familia: Syllidae
Genus: Salvatoria


Salvatoria clavata (Claparède, 1863)Wikispecies linkPensoft Profile

  • Grubea clavata Fauvel 1923[1]:296–298, fig. l14a–e.
  • Brania clavata Pettibone 1963[2]:133, fig. 35b.–Imajima 1966[3]:393, fig. la–g.–Taylor, 1971:198–200.–Gardiner 1976[4]:130, fig. 10l–n.–Uebelacker 1984[5]:16–19, figs. 10a–e.–Russell 2007[6]:51–52.
  • Salvatoria clavata San Martín 2003[7]:176–181, figs. 89–93.–Gobin 2010[8] (list only).

Material examined

BMIL197, (23); BMIL498, (18); BMPL398, (2), all specimens associated with Aplysina fistularis, 1–3 m depth; BMIL397, (50); BMPL398, (13); BMPL501, (14), all specimens associated with Ircinia felix, 1–2m depth; GCPG198, (6), on artificial substrate (PVC pipes), 1 m depth.


Length to 3.8 mm width to 0.4 mm. Body small, slender; complete specimens with up to 33 chaetigers. Prostomium with two pairs of lentigerous eyes on posterior region of prostomium and two ocular spots near posterior base of palps. Subulate enlarged antennae. Palps fused dorsally. Tentacular and dorsal cirri fusiform. Dorsal tentacular cirri about twice length of ventral ones. Ventral cirri digitiform. Dorsal simple chaeta bidentate with subdistal serrations (Fig. 1.15). Compound bidentate falcigers with serrated blades (Fig. 1.16). Bidentate ventral simple chaeta subdistally serrated, only present on posterior chaetigers (Fig. 1.17). Pharynx extending through 4 chaetigers, with anterior rhomboidal dorsal tooth. Proventriculus extending through 3–4 chaetigers, with 19–22 rows of muscle cells. Pygidium with a pair of cirriform anal cirri.


Africa, Mediterranean, Yellow Sea, Japan, Okhotsk Sea, Bering Sea, North Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, Belize, Caribbean Sea.

Taxon Treatment

  • Liñero-Arana, I; Díaz Díaz, O; 2011: Syllidae (Annelida, Polychaeta) from the Caribbean coast of Venezuela ZooKeys, 117: 1-28. doi

Other References

  1. Fauvel P (1923) Polychètes errantes. Faune de France 5:1-488.
  2. Pettibone M (1963) Marine polychaete worms of the New England Region. 1. Aphroditidae through Trochochaetidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 227:1-356.
  3. Imajima M (1966) The Syllidae (Polychaetous Annelids) from Japan. I. Exogoninae. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory 13:385-404.
  4. Gardiner S (1976) Errant polychaete annelids from North Carolina. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 91:77-220.
  5. Uebelacker J (1984) Family Syllidae Grube, 1850. In: Uebelacker J Johnson P (Eds) Taxonomic Guide to the Polychaetes of the Northern Gulf of Mexico. Barry A Vittor & Assoc., Inc., Mobile, Alabama, IV, 1–151.
  6. Russell D (2007) Exogoninae (Polychaeta: Syllidae) from the Belizean barrier reef with a key to species of Sphaerosyllis. Journal of Natural History 25 (1):49-74. doi: 10.1080/00222939100770061
  7. San Martín G (2003) Annelida, Polychaeta II: Syllidae. In: Ramos M (Eds) Fauna Ibérica, vol. 21. Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales. CSIC, Madrid, 554 pp.
  8. Gobin J (2010) Free-living marine polychaetes (Annelida) inhabiting hard-bottom substrates in Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies. Revista de Biología Tropical 58 (1):147-157.