Qwaqwaia

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This page should be cited as follows (rationale):
Noort S, Buffington M, Forshage M (2015) Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). ZooKeys (493) : 1–176, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2017-04-10, version 139435, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Qwaqwaia&oldid=139435 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

Citation formats to copy and paste

BibTeX:

@article{Noort2015ZooKeys,
author = {Noort, Simon van AND Buffington, Matthew L. AND Forshage, Mattias},
journal = {ZooKeys},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera)},
year = {2015},
volume = {},
issue = {493},
pages = {1--176},
doi = {10.3897/zookeys.493.6353},
url = {http://zookeys.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=5015},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2017-04-10, version 139435, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Qwaqwaia&oldid=139435 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}

}

RIS/ Endnote:

TY - JOUR
T1 - Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera)
A1 - Noort S
A1 - Buffington M
A1 - Forshage M
Y1 - 2015
JF - ZooKeys
JA -
VL -
IS - 493
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.493.6353
SP - 1
EP - 176
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2017-04-10, version 139435, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Qwaqwaia&oldid=139435 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/zookeys.493.6353

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="Noort2015ZooKeys">{{Citation
| author = Noort S, Buffington M, Forshage M
| title = Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera)
| journal = ZooKeys
| year = 2015
| volume =
| issue = 493
| pages = 1--176
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/zookeys.493.6353
| url = http://zookeys.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=5015
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2020-07-08

}} Versioned wiki page: 2017-04-10, version 139435, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Qwaqwaia&oldid=139435 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Taxonavigation

Ordo: Hymenoptera
Familia: Cynipidae

Name

Qwaqwaia Liljeblad, Nieves-Aldrey & Melika, 2011Wikispecies linkPensoft Profile

Remarks

Qwaqwaia has a dorsally wide pronotum, a character shared with members of the Synergini and the Aylacini (especially some species of Phanacis). However, the presence of only two prominent teeth on the right mandible and a parascutal carina that extends anteriorly all the way to the notaulus separate Qwaqwaia scolopiae from species of these two tribes (Liljeblad et al. 2011[1]).

Diagnosis

Qwaqwaia has a strong, sharp occipital carina, which distinguishes this genus from both other Afrotropical representatives of this family where the carina is absent. Marginal cell of forewing closed, with veins heavily pigmented, a character state shared with Rhoophilus, however, the areolet is elongate rhomboidal whereas it is triangular in Rhoophilus. The hypopygium is short, abrupt, without a projecting ventral spine (present in both other genera), with dense setae forming an apical tuft.

Biology

Gall inducer on Scolopia mundii (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Warb. (Salicaceae), a tree in the eudicot subclass Rosidae (Liljeblad et al. 2011[1]).

Distribution

South Africa: Kwazulu-Natal; Mpumalanga.

Species richness

Qwaqwaia scolopiae Liljeblad, Nieves-Aldrey & Melika, 2011 (South Africa)

Taxon Treatment

  • Noort, S; Buffington, M; Forshage, M; 2015: Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera) ZooKeys, (493): 1-176. doi


Other References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Liljeblad J, Nieves-Aldrey J, Neser S, Melika G (2011) Adding another piece to the cynipoid puzzle: the description of a new tribe, genus and species of gall wasp (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) endemic to The Republic of South Africa. Zootaxa 2806: 35–52.