Physiphora alceae (Chen, Xiao-Lin & Kameneva, Elena P. 2007)
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- Physiphora alceae Chen, Xiao-Lin, 2007, Zootaxa 1398: 17-22.
Diagnosis. Similar to P. longicornis in having cell r 4 + 5 narrowly opened, fore leg with basitarsomere mostly whitish yellow, scutum and scutellum with green to blue sheen, but differing by head redbrown, the sheen of scutum and scutellum more bluish than green, aculeus about 8.6 times as long as wide at base.
Description.Head. Frons redbrown, subshiny, with two tomentose areas adjacent to each eye margins; slightly wider than eye, 1.1 times as long as wide, almost parallelsided. Ocellar triangle and vertical plates usually black; vertical plates bare and subshiny. Ventral half of median facial plate and clypeus brown to darkbrown; dorsal half of median facial plate and antennal groove gray microtrichose; median facial plate slightly wider than antennal groove. Parafacial and gena brown, gena about 1 / 3 as high as eye. Occiput black, with brown area behind ocellar triangle. Mouthparts black. Antenna redbrown, 1 st flagellomere rounded apically, 1.5 –2.0 times as long as wide; arista bare (Figs. 1–2).
Thorax. Scutum and scutellum brown to black with goldengreen sheen, without mictotrichose areas. All setae and setulae darkbrown. Wing. Completely hyaline, posteroapical extension of cell cup long, about 3.0 times as long as transverse section of vein CuA 2, Cell r 4 + 5 narrowly opened (Fig. 3). Legs. All coxae, femora and tibiae brown to black; foreleg basitarsomere mostly whitish yellow, blackbrown at very apex, other tarsomeres dark brown; mid and hind tarsi yellow to yellowbrown. Abdomen. Both tergites and sternites brown or blackbrown, sometimes with purple or blue reflection, tergite 2 with black setulae only. Male terminalia: sternite 8 brown to black; epandrium dark brown (Figs. 6– 7); subepandrial sclerite setulose (Fig. 7: x), with 2 somewhat thickened setae at posteroventral margin; proctiger (Fig. 7: c) with paired nipplelike ventral projections, each with short sensilla on apex; glans as on Fig. 8, basalmost spine not longer than phallus width at apex; ejaculatory apodeme (Fig. 9) wide fanlike. Female: aculeus 8.6 times as long as wide at base, cercal unit with 1 pair basal dorsal setae 1.5 times and pair of subapical lateroventral setae twice as long as cercal unit width (Fig. 4); 3 spherical spermathecae (Fig. 5). Measurements: Wing length: 3.5 mm. Body length: 6.0 mm.
Abbreviations: C = proctiger (cerci); X = subepandrial sclerite (decasternum).
Material examined:China: Xinjiang: 10 Ψ, 3 ɗ: Tulufan, 20–140m, 8.VI. 1956 (Wang Guang) (IZCAS); Xinjiang: 3 Ψ, 7 ɗ: Ku Er Le, 1000–1020m, 13. VIII. 1958 (Li Changqing) (IZCAS); Xinjiang: 2 Ψ, 3 ɗ: A ke Su, 1210–1240m, 31. VIII. 1958 (Li Changqing) (IZCAS); Beijing: 3 Ψ, 4 ɗ: Da Xing, 16. VIII. 1970 (no collector) (IZCAS); Jiangsu: 1 ɗ: Xu Zhou, VI. 1960 (no collector) (IZCAS). Japan: 1 ɗ: "[TaisyakuKyou], Jinsekicho, Hiroshima Pref., Honshu", 18.VII. 1995 (Sueyoshi) (BKUF).
Biology and Ecology
Biology: Larvae apparently associated with various dead plant matters and also with dung (Hennig, 1940).
Distribution:China (new records from Xinjiang, Beijing, Jiangsu); Japan; Europe, Iraq, Iran, Central Asia, India, Pakistan, south of Arabian Peninsula, North Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Australia, North and South America.
Diagnosis. Similar to P. hainanensis Chen, n. sp. in vein M and vein R 4 + 5 forming petiolate at wing tip, head yellowbrown, and scutellum with whitish microtrichose beneath, but differing by the thorax and abdomen with goldengreen and goldenred sheen, and by spemathecae spherical.
Description.Head. Frons yellowbrown to redbrown, subshiny, with two tomentose areas adjacent to eye margins; 1.2 times as long as wide, almost as wide as eye and parallelsided. Ocellar triangle and vertical plates usually black; vertical plates bare and subshiny. Ventral half of median facial plate and clypeus brown to darkbrown, dorsal half of median facial plate and antennal groove gray microtrichose, median facial plate slightly wider than antennal groove. Parafacial and gena brown, gena about 1 / 3 as high as eye. Occiput black, with brown area behind ocellar triangle and narrow tomentose areas adjacent to eye margins. Mouthparts black. Antenna redbrown, 1 st flagellomere rounded apically, 1.5 –2.0 times as long as wide; arista bare (Figs 10–11).
Thorax. Scutum and scutellum brown to black, usually with different sheen: scutum goldengreen and scutellum goldenred. Scutellum with gray microtrichose beneath. All setae and setulae darkbrown. Wing. Completely hyaline, posteroapical extension of cell cup long, about 2.0 times as long as transverse section of vein CuA 2, cell r 4 + 5 completely closed, forming petiolate at wing tip (Fig. 13). Legs. Yellowbrown except fore leg with basitarsomere pale yellow and other tarsomeres black brown, tarsi dark brown. Abdomen. Both tergites and sternites brown or blackbrown, with green, redgolden, purple or blue reflection; abdominal tergite 2 yellowish white setulose on sides. Male postabdomen (Figs. 15–19) yellow, otherwise as described for P. a l c e a e. Female terminalia: aculeus 6.5–8 times as long as wide at base, similar to that of P. alceae (Fig. 14); 3 spherical spermathecae (Fig. 12).
Measurements: Wing length: 3.8–4.2 mm. Body length 4.0–6.0 mm.
Material examined.Type: Syntypes M. aenea: 2 specimens [sex? — heads and abdomens entirely destroyed]: “ aenea ” [Fabricius handwriting] (ZMUC: Kiel collection). Syntype U. clausa: 1 Ψ U. clausa: Indonesia: “M. h. Java” [blackframed gray paper handwritten label (“Bosc’s style”)], “ 526 ”, “ Ulidia / clausa ” [Macquart’s handwriting], “Museum Paris / Coll. Bosc 1828 ” [printed] (MNHNP). Nontype: China: Taiwan: 2 ɗ, 2 Ψ: “Chaipin”, VII. 1912; 1 ɗ, 2 Ψ: “Pilam”, VII. 1912; 7 ɗ, 2 Ψ: “Tainan” VII–XI. 1912; 2 ɗ, 4 Ψ: “Anping”, V. 1912 (Sauter) (DEI), 1 Ψ: same locality, V. 1910; 3 Ψ: “Takao”, 27.VI. 1907 (Sauter) (ZMHB); Yunnan: 1 Ψ: Mangshi, 1000m, 4.VI. 1956 (Huang Tianrong); 1 ɗ: 900m, 1955. V. 16 (Wu Le & Bu Xike) (IZCAS); 1 Ψ, 4 ɗ: Menga, Xishuangbanna, 1050–1080 m, 5.VII. 1958 (Chen Zhizi); 1 ɗ, 5 Ψ: same locality, 14.X. 1958; 7 Ψ, 12 ɗ: same locality, 15.X. 1958 (no collector) (IZCAS); Hainan: 1 Ψ, 1 ɗ, Bao Ting, 80 m, 17.V. 1960 (Li Suofu); 2 Ψ, 4 ɗ, Bao Ting, 80 m, 26.VII. 1960 (Zhang Xuezhong); 1 ɗ: Wantian, Lingui, 260 m, 30.VI. 1963 (Wang Shuyong) (IZCAS); Guangxi: 1 Ψ, 2 ɗ: Guilin, 25.VIII. 1952 (no collector) (IZCAS). Japan: 15 specimens: “Kuste 92 º n. Breite”, IV. 1895 (collector unknown) (DEI); India: 1 ɗ: “Calcutta, Indian Museum”, “ Chloria clausa Mcq. ” (NHMW); Sri Lanka: 5 ɗ, 7 Ψ: “ Ceylon ” (DEI); 2 ɗ, 1 Ψ: “ Ceylon ” (Nietner) (ZMHB); Vietnam: 1 ɗ, 1 Ψ: “Kieng Giang, Tho Tu Isl.”, 9–10.IV. 1987 (Ponomarenko) (SIZK); Philippines: 1 ɗ, 1 Ψ: “Manilla” (ZMHB); Singapore: 2 ɗ: 14.I. 1933 (DEI); Indonesia: 1 ɗ: Java, 1922; 1 ɗ: “Yelok Ayer, Borneo”, 27.IX. 1906; 1 Ψ: “Borneo”, 29.VIII. 1906 (ZMHB); 2 ɗ: “Java”, “aeneus”, “coll. Winth[em] (NHMW). Additional 226 specimens from Arabian Peninsula, Africa, Australia and America (DEI; ZMHB; NHMW; USNM; BMNH and other collections) examined, but not listed here.
Biology and Ecology
- Chen, Xiao-Lin; Kameneva, Elena P.; 2007: A review of Physiphora Fallén (Diptera: Ulidiidae) from China, Zootaxa 1398: 17-22. doi