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Holotype: ♂, “BOLIVIA: Cochabamba/117 km E Yungas/(Cochabamba-Villa Tunari Rd)/17°6'32"S; 65°41'12"W/ca. 1,040 m alt., 1–6-II-1999; R. Hanley ex. flight/intercept trap BOL1H99 028//SMO754884/KUNHM-ENT”.
Paratypes: 2♂♂, ♀, same date and locality data as holotype (♂, SEMC barcode number “SMO75489”, completely disarticulated; ♂, SEMC barcode number “SMO75488”, abdominal segments VII–X dissected off; ♀, SEMC barcode number “SMO754880”, head and abdominal segments VIII–X dissected, spermatheca not recovered). ♂, ♀, ?, same locality data as the holotype, differing data reads “8–10-II-1999”, “BOL1H99 062” (♂, SEMC barcode number “SMO 754864”, abdominal segments VIII–X dissected off; ♀, SEMC barcode number “SMO754858”, completely disarticulated; ♀, SEMC barcode number “SMO754860”, right antennomeres VI–XI and abdominal segments VIII–X dissected off; ♀, SEMC barcode number “SMO754863” and additional label reading “Termitohospitini/new genus/det. K. T. Eldredge 2011”, abdominal segments VIII–X dissected off; ?, SEMC barcode number “SMO754857”, hind wings removed); ♂, “BOLIVIA: Cochabamba/117 km E. Cochabamba, ai/Lagunitas, 1000m, 17°6'22"S/65°40'57"W, 6–8-II-1999/F. Genier, mountain evergreen/forest, ex. flight intercept trap/99-037// SMO754908/KUNHM-ENT”, completely disarticulated.
All type specimens are deposited in the Snow Entomological Museum Collection (SEMC).
This species is diagnosable based on the generic diagnosis above.
Body (Figs 1–2) approximately 2 mm in length (1.84–2.00 mm, N = 2), almost uniformly orange brown, but head slightly darker. Dorsal surface of head (Fig. 3) sparsely covered with setae, a pair of long setae present at anterior margin of clypeus. Eyes with uniform cover of inter-ommatidial setae. Antennae (Fig. 4) sparsely covered with setae; antennomere I with a long macroseta at middle of internal lateral surface; antennomere II with 4–5 macrosetae around apical margin, one macroseta conspicuously longer; antennomere III with 4 thick, very long macrosetae at apical margin; antennomeres IV–X with 3–4 macrosetae around apical margin; antennomere XI with several macrosetae near middle and apex. Labrum (Fig. 5) dorsal surface with 2 pairs of setae at anterolateral corners, 3 pairs of longer and 3 pairs of shorter setae at mesal area of disc; epipharynx (Fig. 5) with two pairs of lateral setulae. Mandible (Figs 6–7) dorsum with 2 pairs of scrobal setae near middle of aboral margin, six setae around base of disc. Maxillary (Fig. 8) lacinia with 2 pores at middle; galea with 3 pores apicomedially; maxillary palpal article I with a long seta at lateral margin and a medial pore, article II sparsely covered with setae, article III sparsely covered with setae and 2 stronger setae medially.
Pronotum (Fig. 11) transverse (pronotum length = 0.30–0.40 mm, pronotum width = 0.54–0.72 mm, N = 7), densely covered with setae, with a pair of long macrosetae at anterolateral corners. Elytra (Fig. 12) longer than wide (elytra length = 0.42–0.44 mm, elytra width = 0.30–0.34 mm, N = 5), densely covered with setae, setae of lateral margins longer. Mesoventrite (Fig. 13) sparsely covered with minute setae at central and posterolateral areas. Metaventrite (Fig. 13) posterior one third sparsely covered with setae. Fore leg (Fig. 14) uniformly covered with setae; coxa with a macroseta near dorsomedial of anterior surface and 5–6 long setae at apical margin; femur with longer setae near anterior inner margin; tibia with apical setae stronger, 2 spurs present at apex. Mid leg (Fig. 15) uniformly covered with setae except coxa; coxa with several long setae around anterior margin; tibia with long macroseta at middle on dorsal surface, 3 spurs present at apex. Hind leg (Fig. 16) uniformly covered with setae, coxa medially nude; coxa with 3 longer setae along cavity; trochanter and femur with a macroseta near middle of anterior surface; tibia with one longer and shorter macroseta on anterior surface, 3 apical spurs present.
Tergites and paratergites III–VIII (Figs 1, 17) sparsely covered with setae. Macrochaetotaxy of abdominal tergites III–VIII = 0-0-2-2-0-2. Sternite VIII (Fig. 18) sparsely covered with setae; 3 pairs of macrosetae present, 2 pairs at mediolateral margin and one near apex. Tergite IX (Fig. 19) with pores around anterior margin, several setae near middle of disc, 2 pairs of macrosetae at mediolateral margin and apex present. Tergite X (Fig. 19) covered in setae, 4 longer setae at apex, 2 pairs of macrosetae present at mediolateral margin and apex.
Male. Median lobe of aedeagus (Figs 20, 21) copulatory piece flagellate, suspensoria associated with lateral base of copulatory piece. Paramere (Fig. 22) apical lobe with pores at base.
Female. Spermatheca (Fig. 23) cuticle at apex with wrinkle-like sculpture.
The specific epithet is derived from its type locality of Bolivia Latinized. The gender is masculine.
All known specimens of Neotermitosocius bolivianus were collected with a passive sample method (flight intercept trap) and nothing is known about its biology. It is hypothesized to be a termite symbiont based on phylogenetic relationships but the host is unknown.
- Kanao, T; Eldredge, K; Maruyama, M; 2012: Two new genera and species of the termite symbiont lineage Termitohospitini (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae) from Bolivia and peninsular Malaysia ZooKeys, 254: 67-87. doi