Lytopylus sandraberriosae

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Sharkey M, Clutts S, Tucker E, Janzen D, Hallwachs W, Dapkey T, Smith M (2011) Lytopylus Förster (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Agathidinae) species from Costa Rica, with an emphasis on specimens reared from caterpillars in Area de Conservación Guanacaste. ZooKeys 130 : 379–419, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2011-09-24, version 15013, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Lytopylus_sandraberriosae&oldid=15013 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

Citation formats to copy and paste

BibTeX:

@article{Sharkey2011ZooKeys130,
author = {Sharkey, Michael J. AND Clutts, Stephanie AND Tucker, Erika M. AND Janzen, Daniel AND Hallwachs, Winnie AND Dapkey, Tanya AND Smith, M. Alex},
journal = {ZooKeys},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {Lytopylus Förster (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Agathidinae) species from Costa Rica, with an emphasis on specimens reared from caterpillars in Area de Conservación Guanacaste},
year = {2011},
volume = {130},
issue = {},
pages = {379--419},
doi = {10.3897/zookeys.130.1569},
url = {http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/1569/abstract},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2011-09-24, version 15013, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Lytopylus_sandraberriosae&oldid=15013 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}

}

RIS/ Endnote:

TY - JOUR
T1 - Lytopylus Förster (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Agathidinae) species from Costa Rica, with an emphasis on specimens reared from caterpillars in Area de Conservación Guanacaste
A1 - Sharkey M
A1 - Clutts S
A1 - Tucker E
A1 - Janzen D
A1 - Hallwachs W
A1 - Dapkey T
A1 - Smith M
Y1 - 2011
JF - ZooKeys
JA -
VL - 130
IS -
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.130.1569
SP - 379
EP - 419
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2011-09-24, version 15013, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Lytopylus_sandraberriosae&oldid=15013 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/zookeys.130.1569

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

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| author = Sharkey M, Clutts S, Tucker E, Janzen D, Hallwachs W, Dapkey T, Smith M
| title = Lytopylus Förster (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Agathidinae) species from Costa Rica, with an emphasis on specimens reared from caterpillars in Area de Conservación Guanacaste
| journal = ZooKeys
| year = 2011
| volume = 130
| issue =
| pages = 379--419
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/zookeys.130.1569
| url = http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/1569/abstract
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2022-08-11

}} Versioned wiki page: 2011-09-24, version 15013, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Lytopylus_sandraberriosae&oldid=15013 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Taxonavigation

Ordo: Hymenoptera
Familia: Braconidae
Genus: Lytopylus

Name

Lytopylus sandraberriosae Sharkey sp. n.Wikispecies linkZooBank linkPensoft Profile

Description

Body length 8.9 mm (sole female) 7.9 – 8.2 (2 males). Ovipositor length 8.9 mm. Gena rounded or with an obtuse angle posterolaterally. Longitudinal groove on interantennal prominence absent. Protuberances on occiput absent. Propodeum with carinae forming areolae, median areola rounded anteriorly, or with carinae forming areolae, median areola not rounded anteriorly. Notauli well-impressed, smooth without crenulae, or with one or two crenulae restricted to extreme anterior apex along border of mesoscutum. Posterior margin of syntergum 2+3 straight. Median syntergite 2 + 3 mostly weakly rugose with fine transverse striae apically. Forewing banded yellow and infuscate. Color as in Figs 27, 28. Color variation: There is little color variation across the three specimens examined.

Molecular data

BOLD process ID/ Janzen parasitoid voucher/GenBank accession:
ASBC960-07/DHJPAR0021148/JN034729.

Distribution

Guanacaste province, Costa Rica.Click here for a distribution map.

Biology

All three rearings are from Pyralidae (Epipaschiinae) gregarious leaf webbers (Deuterollyta oediperalis) that live in conspicuous groups of 2–50 sib larvae moving freely through the silk and leaf mass in the crowns of rain forest understory Lauraceae (in this case, Nectandra hihua and an unidentified species of Lauraceae). Oviposition into one of the unrestrained caterpillars in the silk and leaf tangle will be a quite different challenge from oviposition into a single larva in its nest between two silked-together leaves (as is the case with other Lytopylus). Only DHJPAR0021148 has successfully barcoded, so the grouping of these three individuals as one species is based solely on their morphology. Their host records give credence to this grouping.
The wasp cocoon is spun in the caterpillar’s prepupal chamber on the leaf surface (Fig. 29). The inventory has reared 5,422 epipaschiine pyralids from various food plants in ACG rain forest and dry forest (about half in the Lauraceae) during 33 years, to yield these three Lytopylus specimens (plus one Alabagrus and two Austroearinus). Lytopylus sandraberriosae is a strange agathidine morphologically, biologically, and in COI composition. When we included another outgroup, a species of Alabagrus, in parsimony and NJ analyses (not shown), Lytopylus sandraberriosae did not nest with the other Lytopylus. Rather, Braunsia was positioned as the sister to the remaining Lytopylus. The species could well represent a new genus, but more molecular data is needed to confirm this suspicion.

Etymology

Named in honor of Sandra Berrios Torres of Atlanta, Georgia, who has enthusiastically supported the conservation of the ACG forest occupied by this parasitoid wasp.

Material examined

Holotype: ♀, H6432 (DHJPAR0040220) Costa Rica: Alajuela: Area de Conservación Guanacaste: Sector Rincon Rain Forest: Conguera, 2.vii.2010, 10.9159N, 85.2663W, 420m [AEI].
Paratypes [AEI, HIC, INBio]: Costa Rica: Guanacaste: Area de Conservación Guanacaste: Sector Rincon Rain Forest: Conguera, 10.9159N, 85.2663W, 420m: ♂ H6428 (DHJPAR0040219) 4.vii.2010. Camino Rio Francia, 10.9042N, 85.2865W, 410m: ♂ H6628 (DHJPAR0021148) 7.vii.2007.

Original Description

  • Sharkey, M; Clutts, S; Tucker, E; Janzen, D; Hallwachs, W; Dapkey, T; Smith, M; 2011: Lytopylus Förster (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Agathidinae) species from Costa Rica, with an emphasis on specimens reared from caterpillars in Area de Conservación Guanacaste ZooKeys, 130: 379-419. doi

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