Lebrunia coralligens

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González-Muñoz R, Simões N, Tello-Musi J, Rodríguez E (2013) Sea anemones (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Actiniaria) from coral reefs in the southern Gulf of Mexico. ZooKeys 341 : 77–106, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2013-10-08, version 38229, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Lebrunia_coralligens&oldid=38229 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

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BibTeX:

@article{González-Muñoz2013ZooKeys341,
author = {González-Muñoz, Ricardo AND Simões, Nuno AND Tello-Musi, José Luis AND Rodríguez, Estefanía},
journal = {ZooKeys},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {Sea anemones (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Actiniaria) from coral reefs in the southern Gulf of Mexico},
year = {2013},
volume = {341},
issue = {},
pages = {77--106},
doi = {10.3897/zookeys.341.5816},
url = {http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/5816/abstract},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2013-10-08, version 38229, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Lebrunia_coralligens&oldid=38229 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}

}

RIS/ Endnote:

TY - JOUR
T1 - Sea anemones (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Actiniaria) from coral reefs in the southern Gulf of Mexico
A1 - González-Muñoz R
A1 - Simões N
A1 - Tello-Musi J
A1 - Rodríguez E
Y1 - 2013
JF - ZooKeys
JA -
VL - 341
IS -
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.341.5816
SP - 77
EP - 106
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2013-10-08, version 38229, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Lebrunia_coralligens&oldid=38229 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/zookeys.341.5816

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

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| author = González-Muñoz R, Simões N, Tello-Musi J, Rodríguez E
| title = Sea anemones (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Actiniaria) from coral reefs in the southern Gulf of Mexico
| journal = ZooKeys
| year = 2013
| volume = 341
| issue =
| pages = 77--106
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/zookeys.341.5816
| url = http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/5816/abstract
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2020-07-05

}} Versioned wiki page: 2013-10-08, version 38229, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Lebrunia_coralligens&oldid=38229 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Taxonavigation

Ordo: Actiniaria
Familia: Aliciidae
Genus: Lebrunia

Name

Lebrunia coralligens (Wilson, 1890)Wikispecies linkPensoft Profile

Material examined

Isla Verde reef (19°13'26"N, 96°05'56"W; three specimens); Isla Sacrificios reef (19°10'36"N, 96°05'39"W; three specimens).

Diagnosis

Fully expanded oral disc and tentacles to 18–22 mm in diameter. Oral disc smooth, 3–5 mm in diameter, beige and translucent (Figure 7B). Tentacles hexamerously arranged in 3–4 cycles (about 24–52 in number), moderately long (about 5–8 mm length), tapering distally, inner ones longer than outer ones, contractile, gray or beige, translucent, with tips whitish or yellowish and scattered bluish dots along the entire length (Figure 7B, C). Column short, smooth, 3–6 mm in diameter and 6–10 mm in height, bright-brown with faint stripes corresponding to mesenterial insertions. Column distally with 4–6 outgrowths (pseudotentacles). Pseudotentacles branched, ending in globular-shaped vesicles with batteries of macro- and micro-basic p-amastigophores and basitrichs; bluish with gray or brown circle in center (Figure 7A–C). Pedal disc well-developed, circular, 3–7 mm in diameter, light brown or beige, translucent (Figure 7C). Mesenteries hexamerously arranged in 2–3 cycles (12–24 pairs in specimens examined): first cycle perfect and sterile, others imperfect and fertile; more mesenteries proximally than distally (two and three cycles, respectively). Hermaphroditic (Figure 7G). Two pairs of directives each attached to a well-developed siphonoglyph (Figure 7D). Retractor muscles diffuse, strong; parietobasilar muscles with short and thick mesogleal pennon (Figure 7E, F). Basilar muscles relatively poorly developed (Figure 7H). Marginal sphincter muscle absent. Ectodermal longitudinal muscles in distal column. Longitudinal muscles of tentacles ectodermal (Figure 7I). Zooxanthellae present (Figure 7F). Cnidom: basitrichs, macrobasic and microbasic p-amastigophores, and spirocysts (Figure 7J–V; see Table 2).

Natural history

Lebrunia coralligens inhabits narrow fissures of live coral with only the end of the pseudotentacles visible, between 3–6 m. During the day, the tentacles remain contracted and the pseudotentacles fully expanded allowing the zooxanthellae (particularly abundant in this area) to capture sunlight; at night the situation is the opposite, allowing tentacles to capture food (Sebens and DeRiemer 1977[4]).

Distribution

Western Atlantic, from Bahamas to Brazil, and along the Caribbean Sea (Wilson 1890[1], Manjarrés 1978[5], Acuña et al. 2013[6], Varela 2002[7], Herrera-Moreno and Betancourt 2002[8]). Lebrunia coralligens has been recorded in the Mexican Caribbean (Jordán-Dahlgren 2008[9]), and in the VRS (González-Muñoz 2005[10], see Table 1).

Remarks

Currently there are two valid species of Lebrunia, both of them distributed in the Western Atlantic (Fautin 2013[11]). They differ in the branched pseudotentacles: those of Lebrunia danae are long and dark-brown whereas those of Lebrunia coralligens are shorter, bright bluish-gray, with rounded ends (González-Muñoz et al. 2012[12]).

Taxon Treatment

  • González-Muñoz, R; Simões, N; Tello-Musi, J; Rodríguez, E; 2013: Sea anemones (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Actiniaria) from coral reefs in the southern Gulf of Mexico ZooKeys, 341: 77-106. doi

Other References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Wilson H (1890) On a new actinia, Hoplophoria coralligens. Studies at the Biological Laboratory of the John Hopkins University 6: 379-387.
  2. Duerden J (1898) The Actiniaria around Jamaica. Journal of the Institute of Jamaica 2: 449-465.
  3. Stephenson T (1922) On the classification of Actiniaria. Part III. Definitions connected with the forms dealt with in Part II. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science 66: 247-319.
  4. Sebens K, DeRiemer K (1977) Diel cycles of expansion and contraction in coral reef anthozoans. Marine Biology 43: 247-256. doi: 10.1007/BF00402317
  5. Manjarrés G (1978) Nuevos encuentros de actinias (Hexacorallia) en la región de Santa Marta, Colombia. Anales del Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas Punta Betín 10: 127-132.
  6. Acuña F, Garese A, Excoffon A, Cortés J (2013) New records of sea anemones (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) from Costa Rica. Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía 48(1): 177-184. doi: 10.4067/S0718-19572013000100015
  7. Varela C (2002) Nuevas consignaciones de Actiniarios (Anthozoa: Actiniaria) para aguas cubanas. Revista de Investigaciones Marinas 23: 233-234.
  8. Herrera-Moreno A, Betancourt L (2002) Especies de anémonas (Coelenterata: Actiniaria, Corallimorpharia, Zoanthidea y Ceriantharia) conocidas para la Hispaniola. Universidad INTEC, Santo Domingo, Revista Ciencia y Sociedad 27: 439-453.
  9. Jordán-Dahlgren E (2008) Arrecifes Coralinos de Cozumel. In: Mejía L (Ed) Biodiversidad Acuática de la Isla de Cozumel. Plaza and Valdéz–UQROO, 418 pp.
  10. González-Muñoz R (2005) Estructura de la comunidad de anémonas del arrecife La Galleguilla, Veracruz. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Tesis, México.
  11. Fautin D (2013) Hexacorallians of the World. http://geoportal.kgs.ku.edu/hexacoral/anemone2/index.cfm [accessed 25 May 2013]
  12. González-Muñoz R, Simões N, Sánchez-Rodríguez J, Rodríguez E, Segura-Puertas L (2012) First inventory of sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria) of the Mexican Caribbean. Zootaxa 3556: 1-38.

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