Ivalia (Duckett, Catherine N., Prathapan, K. D. & Konstantinov, Alexander S. 2006)
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- Ivalia Duckett, Catherine N., 2006, Zootaxa 1363: 51-54.
Other uncommon characters occuring in Ivalia and some other Oriental genera include the following: a. Metatibia curved in dorsal view with long metatibial spur (Figs 1, 3 E, F), first metatarsomere as long as or longer than two following tarsomeres combined (Figs 2 D, 3 F); b. Labrum deeply emarginated (Fig. 3 A); c. Thoracic sternites with elevated processes; d. Head with frontal ridge wide and swollen together with anterofrontal ridge in one callosity (see Figs 2 C, E, 3 A–B); e. Antennal calli poorly separated from vertex and from each other, sometimes not separated at all (Figs 2 C, E, and 3 A); f. Anterolateral callosity of pronotum very long, commonly reaching midpoint of lateral margin of pronotum (Figs 1, 2); g. Vaginal palpi of female genitalia relatively short with proximal ends fused (Fig. 4 E). Overall there are no characters to separate Ivalia, Amphimeloides, and Taizonia. As Ivalia is senior to Taizonia, Ivalia remains valid and because Amphimeloides and Ivalia were published in the same paper, we here choose Ivalia as the name to use. Diagnostic characters of Ivalia. Adult beetles small to medium sized (2–5mm), convex in lateral view. Color metallic or nonmetallic dark or light shades with spots or stripes. Antennal calli poorly to moderately developed, flat to slightly raised, anterior ends somewhat triangular, entering into interantennal space, sulci surrounding antennal calli poorly developed. Eyes small, lateral, orbit narrow, antennal sockets separated by a distance subequal to two times width of orbit or more. Frontal ridge short, wide, flat to moderately raised; anterofrontal ridge wide, flat to moderately raised. Antenna hardly reaching middle of elytron, distal antennomeres widened. Labrum deeply incised. Maxillary palp long, second and third palpomeres moderately thick, distally enlarged, last pointed. Pronotum transverse, without impressions, anterior coxal cavities open behind. Elytron with irregular punctures, posteriorly narrowed; epipleuron wide, horizontal, reaching near apex. Hind wing present or absent. Thoracic sternites with raised process in middle: prosternal intercoxal process with longitudinal vertically raised ridge along middle, process on metasternum usually circular. Metacoxa greatly enlarged, ventrally with a groove and ridge for reception of femur. Metatibia in dorsal view characteristically curved with either ends directed laterally; dorsal surface with sharp lateral margin and flat mesal margin. Tarsal claw appendiculate. Vaginal palpi joined at proximal end. Spermathecal duct not coiled.
Material examined.Amphimeloides dorsalis Jacoby: Holotype. Labels: 1) Type HT; 2) Ceylon, G. Lewis, 1910 – 320; 3) Dikoya, 3,800–4,200 ft. 6.XII– 16.I. 82; 4) Amphimeloides dorsalis Jac.; 5) Right hind leg mounted in balsam, S. Maulik, 1929; 6) HT found in dwr. parts missing G. A. Samuelson det. 1974 (BMNH). Ivalia viridipennis Jacoby: Syntypes male and female. Labels: 1) Ceylon, G. Lewis, 1910 – 320; 2) Dikoya, 3,800–4,200 ft. 6.XII– 16.I. 82; 3) Syntype Ivalia viridipennis Jacoby (2BMNH).
Taizonia bella Chen: Holotype male. Labels: 1) Kankau (Koshun) Formosa, H. Sauter V. 1912; 2) Holotypus; 3) Taizonia bella n. g. n. sp. S. H. Chen det. (DEIM). Schereria martensi Medvedev: Holotype male. Labels: 1) 179 a Kaski Dist., oberhalb, Dhumpus Berlese, 2100m, Martens & Ausobsky 8 / 10 Mai80; 2) Holotypus; 3) Holotypus; 4) Schereria martensi m. L. N. Medvedev det. 1983; 5) Senckenberg Museum Frankfurt/Main (SMFM).
- Duckett, Catherine N.; Prathapan, K. D.; Konstantinov, Alexander S.; 2006: Notes on identity, new synonymy and larva of Ivalia Jacoby (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) with description of a new species, Zootaxa 1363: 51-54. doi