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- Mygale plantaris C. L. Koch, 1842; 71 tab. CCCXII, fig. 736 (syntypes 2 immatures, Brazil, ZMB 2026, examined). Syn. n.
- Eurypelma plantaris: C. L. Koch 1850: 74.
- Avicularia plantaris: Simon 1892: 172; World Spider Catalog 2016.
C. L. Koch (1842) published the description of Mygale plantaris in the same year of Mygale leporina. As Mygale leporina, the procurve anterior row of eyes, the digitiform posterior article of spinnerets, the color pattern and type locality (Brazil) of the syntypes match with Iridopelma (Fig. 220). Therefore, we transfer Mygale plantaris to Iridopelma, making the new combination Iridopelma plantaris (C. L. Koch, 1842) comb. n. Like Mygale leporina, the syntypes of Mygale plantaris are immature specimens. Iridopelma species present very intense ontogenetic changes in color pattern, thus different life stages present very distinct abdominal color pattern. This could be the reason why C. L. Koch (1842) described both forms as two different species when they could be the same. As we can’t assuredly affirm they are the same species, since the types are not adults or even in good condition, we decided to keep them as separate species and to consider Iridopelma plantaris (C. L. Koch, 1842) comb. n. nomen dubium.
- Fukushima, C; Bertani, R; 2017: Taxonomic revision and cladistic analysis of Avicularia Lamarck, 1818 (Araneae, Theraphosidae, Aviculariinae) with description of three new aviculariine genera01 ZooKeys, (659): 1-185. doi
- Koch C (1850) Übersicht des Arachnidensystems. Nürnberg, Heft 5, 1–77. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.39561
- Simon E (1892) Histoire naturelle des araignées. Paris, tome 1, 1084 pp. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.51973
- World Spider Catalog (2016). World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern http://wsc.nmbe.ch, version 17.5
- Koch C (1842) Die Arachniden. Nürnberg, 57–108 , 1–36 . https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.43744