Gliophorus europerplexus

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Ainsworth A, Cannon P, Dentinger B (2013) DNA barcoding and morphological studies reveal two new species of waxcap mushrooms (Hygrophoraceae) in Britain. MycoKeys 7 : 45–62, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2013-09-09, version 36702, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Gliophorus_europerplexus&oldid=36702 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

Citation formats to copy and paste

BibTeX:

@article{Ainsworth2013MycoKeys7,
author = {Ainsworth, A. Martyn AND Cannon, Paul F. AND Dentinger, Bryn T. M.},
journal = {MycoKeys},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {DNA barcoding and morphological studies reveal two new species of waxcap mushrooms (Hygrophoraceae) in Britain},
year = {2013},
volume = {7},
issue = {},
pages = {45--62},
doi = {10.3897/mycokeys.7.5860},
url = {http://www.pensoft.net/journals/mycokeys/article/5860/abstract},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2013-09-09, version 36702, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Gliophorus_europerplexus&oldid=36702 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}

}

RIS/ Endnote:

TY - JOUR
T1 - DNA barcoding and morphological studies reveal two new species of waxcap mushrooms (Hygrophoraceae) in Britain
A1 - Ainsworth A
A1 - Cannon P
A1 - Dentinger B
Y1 - 2013
JF - MycoKeys
JA -
VL - 7
IS -
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/mycokeys.7.5860
SP - 45
EP - 62
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2013-09-09, version 36702, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Gliophorus_europerplexus&oldid=36702 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/mycokeys.7.5860

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="Ainsworth2013MycoKeys7">{{Citation
| author = Ainsworth A, Cannon P, Dentinger B
| title = DNA barcoding and morphological studies reveal two new species of waxcap mushrooms (Hygrophoraceae) in Britain
| journal = MycoKeys
| year = 2013
| volume = 7
| issue =
| pages = 45--62
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/mycokeys.7.5860
| url = http://www.pensoft.net/journals/mycokeys/article/5860/abstract
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2019-11-21

}} Versioned wiki page: 2013-09-09, version 36702, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Gliophorus_europerplexus&oldid=36702 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Taxonavigation

Genus: Gliophorus

Name

Gliophorus europerplexus Dentinger, A.M.Ainsw., & P.F.Cannon sp. nov.Wikispecies linkPensoft Profile

Holotype

UNITED KINGDOM. Wales. Pembrokeshire (vice county 45): Hundleton, Somerton Farm, 51°39.88'N, 4°59.54'W (Nat. Grid Ref. SM931004), 11 Oct 2012, D.J.Harries DJH064B WX664 (K(M)181246)

Description

Pileus 10–25 mm diam., hemispherical to conical or campanulate, sometimes with incurved margin, becoming plano-convex or remaining broadly conical, often umbonate, sometimes with irregular, lobed outline, margin faintly to strongly translucently striate to half-way, viscid or at least very lubricous, sometimes partially flared, at first usually pink-brown to orange-brown (brick, rusty tawny to fulvous), margin paler sometimes with orange (sienna to apricot) tints, hygrophanous, dried pilei dull orange (saffron to rust). Lamellae ventricose, mostly narrowly to broadly adnate with some slightly decurrent elements, intervenose, concolorous with pileus near pileal attachment, becoming paler towards free edge. Stipe 12–60 × 2–8 mm, cylindrical or compressed, sometimes with clavate base, hollow, sometimes flexuose, viscid but usually slightly less so than pileus, apically concolorous with pileus, paler below, sometimes basally tinted orange (apricot). Dried lamellar trama (lens) often darker than subhymenium and lamellar surfaces. Green pigments entirely absent. Without distinctive taste or smell, although one specimen [K(M)181241*] was noted to have a faint rubbery smell reminiscent of Gliophorus laetus. Spores [70, K(M)181241*, K(M)181245*, K(M)181246*] (6.5–)7.0–9.0 × (4.0–)4.5–5.5(–6.0) µm, per-basidioma mean values 7.5–8.0 × 5.0 µm, Q=1.3–1.8, mean 1.6, short-ellipsoidal to ellipsoidal, not constricted. Basidia predominantly 4-spored, clavate with attenuated base, (30–)34–57 × 5–9 µm excluding sterigmatal length (3.0–7.0 µm). Clamp connections on basidia, within lamellar trama and pileipellis usually normal, occasionally with conspicuously looped hook cells (medallion clamps). Lamellar trama subregular, compartments 20–120 × 4–21 µm. Stipitipellis and pileipellis are ixotrichoderms.

Distribution

Identified from two sites in west Wales (Merionethshire and Pembrokeshire) supported by DNA sequence data. Fruiting was probably observed at the type locality by D.J. Harries on 6 August 2009 but no material was kept.

Ecology

In unimproved short acid-neutral rough pasture in Merionethshire and found fruiting on bare soil near mosses on an almost vertical south-facing earth bank on farmland in Pembrokeshire.

Etymology

Named to distinguish this European taxon from the morphologically similar Hygrophorus perplexus A.H.Smith & Hesler, a species with North American type material.

Conservation status

Initially, it seemed likely that historic British collections assigned to Hygrocybe psittacina var. perplexa would be redetermined as Gliophorus europerplexus following DNA sequencing. However, two specimens filed in K under the former name yielded distinct ITS sequences (Fig. 1). Therefore, the distribution of Gliophorus europerplexus is currently unknown and it should be assessed as Data Deficient.

Other specimens examined

United Kingdom. Wales. Merionethshire (vice county 48): Croesor, Cnicht, 52°58.34'N, 4°0.22'W (Nat. Grid Ref. SH64 but estimated to be SH655435 for conversion to latitude and longitude), 11 Oct 2011, E.J.M.Arnolds WX359 (K(M)181241*). Pembrokeshire (vice county 45): Hundleton, Somerton Farm, 51°39.88'N, 4°59.54'W (Nat. Grid Ref. SM931004), 19 Aug 2012, D.J.Harries DJH064A WX663 (K(M)181245*; immature).

Original Description

  • Ainsworth, A; Cannon, P; Dentinger, B; 2013: DNA barcoding and morphological studies reveal two new species of waxcap mushrooms (Hygrophoraceae) in Britain MycoKeys, 7: 45-62. doi

Images

Other References

  1. Shorthouse D (2010) SimpleMappr, an online tool to produce publication-quality point maps. http://www.simplemappr.net [accessed 27 Feb. 2013]