Eurypauropus arcuatus
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BibTeX: @article{Scheller2011ZooKeys115, RIS/ Endnote: TY  JOUR Wikipedia/ Citizendium: <ref name="Scheller2011ZooKeys115">{{Citation See also the citation download page at the journal. 
Ordo: Pauropodina
Familia: Pauropodidae
Genus: Eurypauropus
Name
Eurypauropus arcuatus Scheller, 2011 sp. n. – Wikispecies link – ZooBank link – Pensoft Profile
Material
Holotype, ad. 9(♀), USA, Virginia, Fairfox County, Dead Run, 1948.x.10, E.A. Chapin leg. – Paratype, 1 ad. (♀), same data as holotype. – Non type material, 1 subad. 8 (♀), same data as holotype.
Etymology
From the Latin ‘arcuatus’ = bend like a bow (referring to the curved antennal globulus g).
Diagnosis
Eurypauropus arcuatus is close to the two species earlier known from North America, Eurypauropus spinosus Ryder, 1879, and Eurypauropus washingtonensis Scheller, 1985, the former widespread in USA, the latter known from National Olympic Park in Washington only. The new species is distinguished from both these species by the shape of the antennal globuli, g, curved in Eurypauropus arcuatus, not straight, globulus g’ of 3rd antennal segment, as long as wide, not at least twice longer than wide, by the shape of the sternal antennal branch s, anterior and posterior margins subsimilar in length, not the posterodistal margin distinctly shorter than the anterodistal one, by the shape of the setae st of the pygidial tergum, simply curved inwards, not Sshaped, and by the shape of the anal plate, no posterolateral appendages, distinct in both Eurypauropus spinosus and Eurypauropus washingtonensis.
Description
Length 1.37–1.42 mm. Antennae (Fig. 8) glabrous. Segment 3 with two setae and globulus g’, segment 4 with three setae. Globulus g’ short, as long as wide. Relative lengths of setae on 4th segment: p=100, p’=84, p”=88. These setae cylindrical, pointed, striate. Tergal seta p 0.5 of the length of tergal branch t. The latter cylindrical, 4.5 times as long as greatest diameter and as long as sternal branch s. The latter branch cylindrical, 4.0 times longer than greatest diameter, anterodistal and posterodistal corners equally truncate; its seta q as setae similar to those of segment 4, and inserted 0.4 from proximal end of s, with length 0.7 of the length of s. Relative lengths of flagella (base segments included) and base segments: F1=100, bs1=(10)11, F2=66, bs2=10, F3=85(87), bs3=12. F1 0.9 of the length of t, F2 and F3 1.3 and 1.7 times as long as s respectively. Distal calyces of flagella conical, glabrous. Globulus g slender, 4 times longer than wide, stalk thin, curved, ≈10 thin bracts; diameter of g 0.6 of greatest diameter of t.
Trunk. Setae of collum segment (Fig. 9) short, probably simple, subsimilar, short, tapering, pointed, densely pubescent. Sternite process triangular, pointed anteriorly. Appendages short, wide, caps thin. Process and appendages glabrous.
Tergites with two types of protuberances (Figs 10, 11), large, curved, setose, glabrous, pointed spines, proximally scalelike and evenly spaced on background of more numerous, small craterlike protuberances with pleated sides.
Bothriotricha (Figs 12–14). Relative lengths: T1=100, T2=97(112), T3=67(71), T4=117, T5=102(104). T1 (Fig. 12) and T2 with very thin axes, distal half with short erect pubescence; T3 (Fig. 13) glabrous, with thick axes and distal longish endswelling, T4 and T5 (Fig. 14) glabrous too but thin, somewhat tapering, blunt distally.
Legs (Figs 15–16). All legs 5segmented. Setae on coxa and trochanter (Fig. 15) of leg 9 thin, simple, cylindrical, striate. Tarsus of leg 9 distinctly tapering (Fig. 16), (2.8)3.2 times as long as greatest diameter, two tergal setae and one sternal, all pointed glabrous; proximal tergal seta longest, almost 0.4 of the length of tarsus, (1.8)2.2 times as long as distal tergal seta and 1.6 times as long as sternal seta. Length of main claw 0.4 of the length of tarsus.
Pygidium (Fig. 17).
Tergum. Posterior margin evenly rounded. Relative lengths of setae: a1=a2=10, a3=(22)23, st=7. a1, a2 and st similar, tapering, pointed, a1 and st curved inwards with a knee close to proximal end, a2 evenly curved, a1 and st strongly and a2 inconsiderably converging; a3 evenly curved inward and somewhat diverging. Distance a1a1 (2.1)2.4 times as long as a1, distance a1a2 about as long as distance a2a3; distance stst 3.2 times as long as st and 1.1 times as long as distance a1a1.
Sternum. Posterior margin with low posteriomedian bulge below anal plate. Relative lengths of setae (pygidial a1=10): b1=(23)27, b2=13 and 16 in the holotype, and 18 in the paratype, b3=12. b1 with fusiform, and shortly pubescent base, tapering into a subcylindrical, striate distal half terminated with a small, striate endswelling; b2 similar to b1 but with cylindrical distal part, proportionately much shorter and without endswelling; b3 subcylindrical, striate. Length of b1 (as long as )1.2 times as long as interdistance, b2 0.70.9 of distance b1b2, b3 on the same level as b2, length 1.4 times as long as interdistance.
Anal plate narrowest at base and consisting of two broad lobes posteriorly separated by Vshaped incision ≈0.3 of the length of plate; posterolateral corners without appendages but each with very small tooth; each lobe with a bladdershaped posteriorly directed appendage with distinct erect pubescence, length of appendages 0.9 of the length of plate.
Original Description
 Scheller, U; 2011: Notes on Pauropoda (Myriapoda) from USA, with descriptions of two new species ZooKeys, 115: 1926. doi
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