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Holotype CUMZ 6253 (Fig. 10A). Measurement: shell height 8.0 mm, shell width 12.0 mm, and with 7 whorls. Paratypes: CUMZ 3657 (5 shells), 6031 (9 shells), 6233 (3 specimens in ethanol), NHMUK 20130681 (2 shells), and SMF (2 shells) from the type locality.
Nam Tok Tao Thong, Tub Pud, Phangnga, Thailand, 8°29'0.8"N, 98°35'4.8"E.
Other material examined
Wat Tam Seua, Krabi: CUMZ 6029. Ban Chong, Krabi: CUMZ 6030. Wat Sathit Khirirom, Khirirat Nikhom, Suratthani: CUMZ 6234 (1 specimen in ethanol). Tam Wang Badan, Suratthani: CUMZ 6235 (2 specimens in ethanol).
This species differs from Discartemon lemyrei in its widely open umbilicus and apertural dentition of six lamellae. It differs from Discartemon roebeleni in having a much larger shell, higher spire, upper palatal and supracolumellar lamellae, a very long penis, penial sheath and free oviduct, shorter seminal vesicle, and in having atrial pores. Discartemon megalostraka sp. n. can be distinguished from Discartemon stenostomus in its larger shell, higher spire, transverse ridges, sub-quadrangular aperture, its straight parietal lamella, and in having upper palatal and basal lamellae.
Shell. Shell globose-heliciform, white and translucent; whorls 7–7½, spire elevated conical, with a distinct suture. Shell surface glossy with fine transverse ridges that diminish below periphery; varices present. Embryonic shell large, about 2½ whorls, with a smooth surface; following whorls regularly coiled. Last whorl rounded and regularly expanded; umbilicus widely open and deep. Aperture sub-quadrangular; peristome discontinuous, thickened, expanded and reflected. Apertural dentition of one strong parietal, one small upper palatal, one palatal, one basal, one columellar and one small supracolumellar lamella (Fig. 10A).
Radula. Each row consists of 19–21 teeth with formula (9-10)-1-(9-10). The central tooth is small and triangular with a pointed cusp. Lateral and marginal teeth are undifferentiated and large, unicuspid and lanceolate. Latero-marginal teeth gradually reduce in size, with outermost teeth much smaller and shorter than inner teeth (Fig. 22G).
Genital organs. Atrium (at) very short. Penis (p) very long and slender. Penial sheath (ps) thin, extending about third-fourths of penis length. Penial sheath retractor muscle (psr) very thin, originating at genital orifice wall and inserting distally on penial sheath (Fig. 16A). Vas deferens (vd) passes a very short distance through penial sheath before entering into penis distally (Fig. 16B). Penial retractor muscle (pr) thin and long, inserting at penis and vas deferens junction.
Internal wall of atrium with large atrial pores (Fig. 21A). Penial wall with scattered and transparent penial hooks, about 9 hooks/200 µm2 (Fig. 21B). Hooks located on penial wall. Penial hooks small (<0.02 mm in length), expanded at base, tips pointed and curved towards genital orifice (Fig. 21C–E).
Vagina (v) very short. Gametolytic duct (gd) a long and narrow tube extending as far as albumin gland; gametolytic sac (gs) ovate. Free oviduct (fo) extremely long, proximal part a straight cylindrical tube, distal part corrugated. Oviduct (ov) enlarged and folded; prostate gland inconspicuous. Talon (ta) small, very short and club shaped. Hermaphroditic duct (hd) bearing a long seminal vesicle (sv) about four times as long as the length from talon to branching point of seminal vesicle (Fig. 16C).
Vaginal wall with longitudinal vaginal folds (Fig. 21F).
The specific epithet “megalostraka” is derived from the Greek “megalos” meaning “big” and “ostrako” meaning “shell”.
This species is known from several limestone hills in southern Thailand, particularly in the western part of the southern mainland. The animals can be found at altitudes up to 20 meters amsl.
The genital system discriminates this new species from large individuals of Discartemon roebeleni, which is distributed throughout southern Thailand.
- Siriboon, T; Sutcharit, C; Naggs, F; Rowson, B; Panha, S; 2014: Revision of the carnivorous snail genus Discartemon Pfeiffer, 1856, with description of twelve new species (Pulmonata, Streptaxidae) ZooKeys, 401: 45-107. doi