Discartemon hypocrites

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Siriboon T, Sutcharit C, Naggs F, Rowson B, Panha S (2014) Revision of the carnivorous snail genus Discartemon Pfeiffer, 1856, with description of twelve new species (Pulmonata, Streptaxidae). ZooKeys 401 : 45–107, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2014-04-14, version 44220, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Discartemon_hypocrites&oldid=44220 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

Citation formats to copy and paste

BibTeX:

@article{Siriboon2014ZooKeys401,
author = {Siriboon, Thanit, Sutcharit, Chirasak, Naggs, Fred, Rowson, Ben AND Panha, Somsak},
journal = {ZooKeys},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {Revision of the carnivorous snail genus Discartemon Pfeiffer, 1856, with description of twelve new species (Pulmonata, Streptaxidae)},
year = {2014},
volume = {401},
issue = {},
pages = {45--107},
doi = {10.3897/zookeys.401.7075},
url = {http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/7075/abstract},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2014-04-14, version 44220, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Discartemon_hypocrites&oldid=44220 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}

}

RIS/ Endnote:

TY - JOUR
T1 - Revision of the carnivorous snail genus Discartemon Pfeiffer, 1856, with description of twelve new species (Pulmonata, Streptaxidae)
A1 - Siriboon T, Sutcharit C, Naggs F, Rowson B
A1 - Panha S
Y1 - 2014
JF - ZooKeys
JA -
VL - 401
IS -
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.401.7075
SP - 45
EP - 107
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2014-04-14, version 44220, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Discartemon_hypocrites&oldid=44220 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/zookeys.401.7075

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="Siriboon2014ZooKeys401">{{Citation
| author = Siriboon T, Sutcharit C, Naggs F, Rowson B, Panha S
| title = Revision of the carnivorous snail genus Discartemon Pfeiffer, 1856, with description of twelve new species (Pulmonata, Streptaxidae)
| journal = ZooKeys
| year = 2014
| volume = 401
| issue =
| pages = 45--107
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/zookeys.401.7075
| url = http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/7075/abstract
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2020-12-05

}} Versioned wiki page: 2014-04-14, version 44220, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Discartemon_hypocrites&oldid=44220 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Taxonavigation

Ordo: Pulmonata
Familia: Streptaxidae
Genus: Discartemon

Name

Discartemon hypocrites Benthem Jutting, 1954Wikispecies linkPensoft Profile

  • Discartemon hypocrites Benthem Jutting, 1954: 92–94, fig. 8. Type locality: Bukit Chuping, Perlis, Malaysia. Benthem Jutting 1959[1]: 168. Richardson 1988[2]: 183. Maassen 2001[3]: 87.

Material examined

Holotype ZMA 3.34.017 (Fig. 6C). Paratypes: ZMA 3.54.018 (5 shells). Bukit Chuping, Perlis, Malaysia (6°29'36.2"N, 100°15'53.2"E): CUMZ 6011 (2 shells; Fig. 6D). Guplu Bukit, Perlis, Malaysia: CUMZ 6198. Kaki Bukit, Perlis, Malaysia: CUMZ 6199 (1 specimen in ethanol; Figs 2D, 12C, D, 18A–E, 22C).

Description

Shell. Shell depressed-heliciform, white and semi-transparent; whorls 5–5½, spire only slightly convex with distinct suture. Shell surface glossy with thin transverse ridges that diminish below periphery; varices present. Whorls regularly coiled; last whorl rounded, regularly expanded; umbilicus very wide, deep and showing all preceding whorls. Aperture triangular; peristome discontinuous, thickened, expanded and reflected. Apertural dentition with one sinuous parietal, one palatal, one columellar and one supracolumellar lamella (Fig. 6C).
Radula. Each row consists of 43 teeth with formula (21)-1-(21). Central tooth very small and triangular with a pointed cusp. Lateral and marginal teeth undifferentiated, unicuspid and lanceolate. Latero-marginal teeth gradually reduce in size, with outermost teeth much smaller and shorter than inner teeth (Fig. 22C).
Genital organs. Atrium (at) long and thick. Proximal penis (p) with short and stout penial appendix (pa) about two-thirds of penis length; distal penis slender (Fig. 12C). Penial sheath retractor muscle (psr) very thin, originating at genital orifice wall and inserting distally on penial sheath (Fig. 12C). Vas deferens (vd) passes through about a quarter of penial sheath length before entering into penis distally (Fig. 12D). Penial retractor muscle (pr) thin and very long, inserting at penis and vas deferens junction.
Internal wall of atrium generally smooth with numerous atrial pores (Fig. 18A). Penial wall with dense and brownish penial hooks, about 4 hooks/200 µm2 (Fig. 18B). Hooks located on laterally-flattened penial papillae (pp), which are separated by thin reticulated folds. Penial hooks very small (< 0.01 mm in length), expanded at base, pointed at tip and curved towards genital orifice (Fig. 18C, D).
Vagina (v) short. Gametolytic duct (gd) enlarged and stout at base, and suddenly tapering to small and long tube extending as far as albumin gland; gametolytic sac (gs) ovate. Free oviduct (fo) proximally large with equivalent diameter to vagina, tapering to smaller tube distally. Oviduct (ov) enlarged and folded; prostate gland inconspicuous and bound to oviduct. Talon (ta) small, short and club shaped. Hermaphroditic duct (hd) bearing long and thick seminal vesicle (sv) about one and half times longer than the length from talon to branching point of seminal vesicle (Fig. 12C).
Vaginal wall with reticulated vaginal folds (Fig. 18E).

Distribution

This species is known from several limestone hills in Perlis, Malaysia.

Remarks

Discartemon hypocrites can be distinguished from Discartemon plussensis, Discartemon leptoglyphus and Discartemon platymorphus by the apertural dentition with one sinuous parietal, one columellar, and one supracolumellar lamella. The latter three species exhibit one straight parietal and one palatal lamella. In addition, Discartemon plussensis has a lower spire, an inflated last whorl and a sinulus; Discartemon leptoglyphus has transverse ridges over the entire shell; and Discartemon platymorphus has a larger shell and lower spire. Discartemon hypocrites also differs from Discartemon leptoglyphus in having a slender penis with short and stout penial appendix, the vas deferens passing through about a quarter of penial sheath length, the pointed penial hooks located on laterally-flattened penial papillae, and the vagina having reticulated folds.

Taxon Treatment

  • Siriboon, T; Sutcharit, C; Naggs, F; Rowson, B; Panha, S; 2014: Revision of the carnivorous snail genus Discartemon Pfeiffer, 1856, with description of twelve new species (Pulmonata, Streptaxidae) ZooKeys, 401: 45-107. doi

Other References

  1. Benthem Jutting W (1959) Catalogue of the non-marine Mollusca of Sumatra and of its satellite islands. Beaufortia 7: 41-191.
  2. Richardson L (1988) Streptaxacea: Catalog of species, Part I, Streptaxidae. Tryonia 16: 1-326.
  3. Maassen W (2001) A preliminary checklist of the non-marine Molluscs of West-Malaysia. “A handlist”. De Kreukel, Extra Editie 2001: 1-155.

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