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Holotype CUMZ 6251 (Fig. 7E). Measurement: shell height 5.7 mm, shell width 11.7 mm, and with 6½ whorls. Paratypes: CUMZ 3574 (25 shells), 3576 (9 shells), 3579 (1 shell), 3580 (3 shells), 3675 (7 shells), 3676 (33 shells), 3677 (1 shell), 4214 (26 shells), 6006 (22 shells), 6216 (2 specimens in ethanol; Figs 3B, 14C, D, 19J–N), NHMUK 20130679 (2 shells), and SMF (2 shells) from the type locality.
Tam Phra Khayang, Kra Buri, Ranong, Thailand, 10°19'33.4"N, 98°45'54.7"E.
This new species is distinguished from Discartemon plussensis, Discartemon leptoglyphus, Discartemon platymorphus, Discartemon roebeleni and Discartemon collingei by having a larger shell with a smooth shell surface, a shouldered and slightly axially deflected last whorl, two longitudinal furrows and seven apertural lamellae. Its genitalia are distinctive in having a long but thick penial appendix.
Shell. Shell depressed-heliciform, white and translucent; whorls 6–6½, spire only slightly convex, with distinct suture. Shell surface glossy, smooth with thin growth lines.
Embryonic shell large, about 2½ whorls and with smooth surface; following whorls regularly coiled. Last whorl shouldered, slightly axially deflected, regularly expanded, and two short longitudinal furrows present. Umbilicus widely open and deep. Aperture semi-ovate; peristome discontinuous, expanded and reflected. Apertural dentition with strong parietal and small upper parietal lamellae separated at right angle, one small upper palatal, one palatal, one basal, one columellar, and one small supracolumellar lamella (Fig. 7E).
Genitalia organs: Atrium (at) long and slender. Penis (p) long; proximal penis slender; middle part enlarged with a long but thick penial appendix (pa) about half of penis length; distal penis long and slender (Fig. 14C). Penial sheath (ps) thin, extending about half of penis length; penial sheath retractor muscle (psr) very thin, originating at atrium and inserting distally on penial sheath. Vas deferens (vd) passes through about one-fifth of penial sheath length before entering into penis distally (Fig. 14D). Penial retractor muscle (pr) thin and very long, inserting at penis and vas deferens junction.
Internal wall of atrium generally smooth with numerous atrial pores (Fig. 19J). Penial wall with scattered light brown penial hooks, about 10 hooks/200 µm2 (Fig. 19K). Hooks located on penial wall. Penial hooks small (<0.03 mm in length), expanded at base, tips pointed and curved towards genital orifice (Fig. 19L, M).
Vagina (v) very short, about one-fourth of penis length. Gametolytic duct (gd) a long narrow tube extending as far as albumin gland; gametolytic sac (gs) ovate. Free oviduct (fo) very long, slender, proximal with equivalent diameter with vagina, and tapering to smaller tube distally. Oviduct (ov) folded and prostate gland inconspicuous. Talon (ta) small, and very short. Hermaphroditic duct (hd) bearing long seminal vesicle (sv) about one and half times longer than the length from talon to branching point of seminal vesicle (Fig. 14C).
Vaginal wall generally smooth, surface with numerous pores (Fig. 19N).
The specific epithet “flavacandida” is derived from the Latin “flavus” meaning “yellow” and “candidus” meaning “bright or transparent”.
This species seems to be restricted to limestone at the type locality.
Apparently rare and only extensive searching yielded living animals.
- Siriboon, T; Sutcharit, C; Naggs, F; Rowson, B; Panha, S; 2014: Revision of the carnivorous snail genus Discartemon Pfeiffer, 1856, with description of twelve new species (Pulmonata, Streptaxidae) ZooKeys, 401: 45-107. doi