Discartemon

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Siriboon T, Sutcharit C, Naggs F, Rowson B, Panha S (2014) Revision of the carnivorous snail genus Discartemon Pfeiffer, 1856, with description of twelve new species (Pulmonata, Streptaxidae). ZooKeys 401 : 45–107, doi. Versioned wiki page: 2014-04-14, version 44196, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Discartemon&oldid=44196 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

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BibTeX:

@article{Siriboon2014ZooKeys401,
author = {Siriboon, Thanit, Sutcharit, Chirasak, Naggs, Fred, Rowson, Ben AND Panha, Somsak},
journal = {ZooKeys},
publisher = {Pensoft Publishers},
title = {Revision of the carnivorous snail genus Discartemon Pfeiffer, 1856, with description of twelve new species (Pulmonata, Streptaxidae)},
year = {2014},
volume = {401},
issue = {},
pages = {45--107},
doi = {10.3897/zookeys.401.7075},
url = {http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/7075/abstract},
note = {Versioned wiki page: 2014-04-14, version 44196, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Discartemon&oldid=44196 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.}

}

RIS/ Endnote:

TY - JOUR
T1 - Revision of the carnivorous snail genus Discartemon Pfeiffer, 1856, with description of twelve new species (Pulmonata, Streptaxidae)
A1 - Siriboon T, Sutcharit C, Naggs F, Rowson B
A1 - Panha S
Y1 - 2014
JF - ZooKeys
JA -
VL - 401
IS -
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.401.7075
SP - 45
EP - 107
PB - Pensoft Publishers
M1 - Versioned wiki page: 2014-04-14, version 44196, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Discartemon&oldid=44196 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.

M3 - doi:10.3897/zookeys.401.7075

Wikipedia/ Citizendium:

<ref name="Siriboon2014ZooKeys401">{{Citation
| author = Siriboon T, Sutcharit C, Naggs F, Rowson B, Panha S
| title = Revision of the carnivorous snail genus Discartemon Pfeiffer, 1856, with description of twelve new species (Pulmonata, Streptaxidae)
| journal = ZooKeys
| year = 2014
| volume = 401
| issue =
| pages = 45--107
| pmid =
| publisher = Pensoft Publishers
| doi = 10.3897/zookeys.401.7075
| url = http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/7075/abstract
| pmc =
| accessdate = 2020-12-05

}} Versioned wiki page: 2014-04-14, version 44196, https://species-id.net/w/index.php?title=Discartemon&oldid=44196 , contributors (alphabetical order): Pensoft Publishers.</ref>

See also the citation download page at the journal.


Taxonavigation

Ordo: Pulmonata
Familia: Streptaxidae

Name

Discartemon Pfeiffer, 1856Wikispecies linkPensoft Profile

  • Discartemon Pfeiffer, 1856: 173. Ancey 1884[1]: 399. Tryon 1885[2]: 58. Gude 1903[3]: 226. Benthem Jutting: 1954[4]: 71–94. Zilch 1960[5]: 560. Richardson 1988[6]: 182–185: Schileyko 2000[7]: 784. Hemmen and Hemmen 2001[8]: 42.
  • Odontartemon (Discartemon) – Kobelt 1905–1906[9]: 91, 96.

Type species

Streptaxis discus Pfeiffer, 1853, by subsequent designation by Ancey (1884[1]: 399).

Description

Shell. Shell flattened to globose-heliciform, white, semi-transparent to translucent. Whorls 4–7; spire flattened to conical. Shell surface glossy, nearly smooth or with transverse ridges; varices often present. Embryonic shell, about 2½ whorls, with a smooth surface; following whorls regularly coiled or at most only slightly axially deflected. Last whorl rounded to angular, often with peripheral keel, whorls regularly to rapidly expanded. Umbilicus open to very widely open. Aperture semi-ovate to triangular. Peristome discontinuous, thin to thick, expanded and reflected. Longitudinal furrows outside aperture may be present. Apertural dentition always with one parietal lamella; other lamellae may be present including: upper palatal, palatal, basal, columellar and supracolumellar lamellae.
Radula. Teeth unicuspid, elongate lanceolate, and arranged in anteriorly V-shaped rows. Central tooth tiny with pointed cusp. Lateral and marginal teeth undifferentiated. Latero-marginal teeth gradually reduce in size, with outermost teeth smaller and shorter than inner teeth.
Genital organs. Penis short to long, sometimes with a penial appendix. Penial sheath short (less than half of penis length) to long (equivalent to penis length). Internal wall of introverted penis with transparent to brown penial hooks. Vas deferens passes through a short section of penial sheath before connecting distally to penis. Vagina and free oviduct short to long. Seminal vesicle present, convoluted, short to long.
External features. Live specimens exhibit a semi-transparent dark yellow to pale yellow body, covered with reticulated skin, and sometimes with brownish spots. Upper tentacles long with black eye-spot on the tip, yellow to orange; lower tentacles short. Brownish digestive gland and black kidney may be visible through transparent shell. Foot narrow, undivided and with short tail.

Remarks

The genitalia of Discartemon are distinguished from those of other Southeast Asian streptaxid genera in sometimes having a penial appendix, in lacking vaginal hooks, and also as follows: Indoartemon has the vas deferens attached to the distal end of the penial sheath by a narrow band of connective tissue; in Perrottetia the gametolytic duct and sac may not extend as far as the albumin gland; and Haploptychius and Oophana have a long penial sheath and very short seminal vesicle respectively (Stoliczka 1871[10], Berry 1963[11], 1965[12], Schileyko 2000[7], Siriboon et al. 2013[13], Siriboon et al. in press[14]).
An identification key to species follows. In addition we propose an informal subdivision of Discartemon into three groups of species, based mainly on shell shapes as shown in Figure 1, that may be useful as an alternative aid to identification. The figures of shells are presented in the same order. Further remarks on the systematics and biogeography of the genus are made in the Discussion.
Group I: Discartemon discus-group. Have a generally flattened shell with a concave to flattened spire, and a very wide umbilicus. The H/W ratio ranges between 0.3–0.5 (average 0.40). This group comprises 10 species: Discartemon discus (Pfeiffer, 1853), Discartemon planus (Fulton, 1899), Discartemon sykesi (Collinge, 1902), Discartemon nummus (Laidlaw, 1929), Discartemon khaosokensis Panha & Burch, 1998, Discartemon circulus sp. n., Discartemon discadentus sp. n., Discartemon discamaximus sp. n., Discartemon deprima sp. n., and Discartemon expandus sp. n.
Group II: Discartemon plussensis-group. Have a depressed-heliciform shell with a flattened to only slightly convex spire, and a widely open umbilicus. The H/W ratio ranges between 0.4–0.6 (average 0.50). This group comprises 7 species: Discartemon plussensis (Morgan, 1885), Discartemon hypocrites Benthem Jutting, 1954, Discartemon leptoglyphus Benthem Jutting, 1954, Discartemon platymorphus Benthem Jutting, 1954, Discartemon afthonodontia sp. n., Discartemon epipedis sp. n., and Discartemon flavacandida sp. n.
Group III: Discartemon roebeleni-group. Have a globose-heliciform shell with a conical to elevated conical spire, and a widely open umbilicus. The H/W ratio ranges between 0.5–0.8 (average 0.63). This group comprises 10 species: Discartemon lemyrei (Morlet, 1883), Discartemon roebeleni (Möllendorff, 1894), Discartemon collingei (Sykes, 1902), Discartemon stenostomus Benthem Jutting, 1954, Discartemon sangkarensis Benthem Jutting, 1959, Discartemon vandermeermohri Benthem Jutting, 1959, Discartemon conicus sp. n., Discartemon kotanensis sp. n., Discartemon megalostraka sp. n., and Discartemon triancus sp. n.

Taxon Treatment

  • Siriboon, T; Sutcharit, C; Naggs, F; Rowson, B; Panha, S; 2014: Revision of the carnivorous snail genus Discartemon Pfeiffer, 1856, with description of twelve new species (Pulmonata, Streptaxidae) ZooKeys, 401: 45-107. doi

Other References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Ancey C (1884) Sur les divisions proposées dans le genre Streptaxis. Le Naturaliste 50: 399.
  2. Tryon G (1885) Manual of Conchology, Structure and Systematic, with Illustrations of the Species. Volume 1. The Academy of Natural Science of Philadelphia, 364 pp. doi: 10.5962/bhl.title.6534
  3. Gude G (1903) A synopsis of the genus Streptaxis and its allies. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London 5: 201-244.
  4. Benthem Jutting W (1954) The Malayan Streptaxidae of the genera Discartemon and Oophana. Bulletin of the Raffles Museum 25: 71-106.
  5. Zilch A (1960) Gastropoda, Euthyneura. In: Schinderwolf O (Ed) Handbuch der Paläozoologie. Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin 6: 401–834.
  6. Richardson L (1988) Streptaxacea: Catalog of species, Part I, Streptaxidae. Tryonia 16: 1-326.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Schileyko A (2000) Treatise on recent terrestrial pulmonate molluscs: Rhytididae, Chlamydephoridae, Systrophiidae, Haplotrematidae, Streptaxidae, Spiraxidae, Oleacinidae and Testacellidae. Ruthenica Supplement 2 Part 6: 731–880.
  8. Hemmen J, Hemmen C (2001) Aktualisierte liste der terrestrischen gastropoden Thailands. Schriften zur Malakozoologie 18: 35-70.
  9. Kobelt W (1905–1906) Die Raublungenschnecken (Agnatha). Zweite Abtheilung: Streptaxidae und Daudebardiidae. Systematisches Conchylien- Cabinet von Martini und Chemnitz. 1 (12b) (2): 1–96, pls 42–59 [1905]; 97–211, pls 60–71 [1906].
  10. Stoliczka F (1871) Notes on the terrestrial mollusca from the neighbourhood of Moulmein, with descriptions of new species. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 40: 143-177.
  11. Berry A (1963) The anatomy of two Malayan limestone hill Streptaxidae, Sinoennea kanchingensis Tomlin and Oophana diaphanopepla van Benthem Jutting with special reference to the genital system. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London 35: 139-150.
  12. Berry A (1965) The genital systems of Discartemon stenostomus van Benthem Jutting and Huttonella bicolor (Hutton) (Pulmonata, Streptaxidae) from Malaya. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London 36: 221-228.
  13. Siriboon T, Sutcharit C, Naggs F, Panha S (2013) Three new species of the carnivorous snail genus Perrottetia Kobelt, 1905 from Thailand (Pulmonata, Streptaxidae). ZooKeys 287: 41-57. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.287.4572
  14. Siriboon T, Sutcharit C, Naggs F, Rowson B, Panha S (in press) Revision of the carnivorous snail genus Indoartemon Forcart, 1946 and a new genus Carinartemis from Thailand (Pulmonata: Streptaxidae). Bulletin of the Raffles Museum.

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