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Holotype: male (TL) 96 mm) (RMNH.CRUS.D.57217), Hoa Creek, Teminabuan region, Kepala Burung (Vogelkop) Peninsula, West Papua, Indonesia, collector unknown, 5 October 2002. Paratypes: 1 male (TL 94 mm), 1 female (TL 90 mm) (RMNH.CRUS.D.57218), same data as holotype. All animals collected by and exported through Maju Aquarium, Jakarta, Indonesia.
9 males (TL 83–98 mm), 1 female (TL 83 mm), from Aquarium Dietzenbach in Germany, 5 April 2004.
Description of male holotype
(Figs 2–5). Body and eyes pigmented. Eyes not reduced. Body subovate, slightly compressed laterally. Pleon narrower then cephalothorax (width 17 mm and 20 mm respectively). Rostrum (Fig. 3A) slender, reaching about to end of ultimate antennular peduncle and about three times as long as wide (width 5 mm at base, length 14 mm). Upper surface smooth, few scattered setae present at the tip of the rostrum; lateral margins of rostrum almost straight in basal part, distally rather strongly tapering towards apex. Margins strongly elevated continuing in rostral carinae on carapax. Lateral rostral margin bearing 3 prominent teeth in distal half, on right side the third distal tooth (from base) is smaller than the others, few short hairs are present on outer margins. Rostral carinae extending as slight elevation posteriorly on carapace fading just before reaching cervical groove. Postorbital ridges well developed terminating in slightly upturned corneous spines anteriorly, fading at two-thirds of occipital carapace length, posteriorly. Scaphocerite (Fig. 3B) broadest at midlength, convex in distal part becoming narrower in basal part; thickened lateral margin terminating in large corneous spine. Right scaphocerite 11 mm long and 4 mm wide. Antennulae and antennae typical for the genus. Mouthparts typical for the genus.
Eyes rather large; cornea globular, darkly pigmented, about as long as eyestalk; eyestalk slightly narrower than cornea. Epistome broadly triangular, anteriorly becoming lance-shaped, scattered setae present, with corneous spine at anterior tip, lateral surface with small tubercles; central surface smooth, excavate.
Coxocerite of antennal peduncle with acute tooth anteriorly; basicerite with strong lateral spine. Cervical groove distinct, non-setose. Surface anterior to cervical groove smooth, anterior branchial margin at junction with cervical groove with 3, anteriorly directed, rather closely set spines just posterior to groove, uppermost at level of antennae. Areola length 13 mm narrowest width 9 mm. Length of areola 34.6% of total length of carapace (45 mm).
First pereopods equal in form and size. Right chelae (Fig. 3) 41 mm long and 8 mm high, 17 mm wide, strongly compressed. Fingers shorter than palm (dactylus 16 mm long). Dactylus broad at base, tapering slightly towards tip, becoming about 1/3 as broad as at base. Tip with sharp, corneous, hooked tooth pointing outwards at an angle of 45°. Cutting edge of dactyl with a continuous row of rather small granular teeth and one large prominent tooth at about middle of cutting edge. Ventral and dorsal surface of movable finger with scattered punctuation. Fixed finger triangular, merging gradually into palm, ending in sharp, corneous, hooked tooth, standing almost perpendicular to axis of finger. Upper surface of palm practically smooth, slightly pitted, more densely pitted at margins. Chelae non-setose except for ventral cutting edge of fixed fingers. Setae short, present only in posterior part. First cheliped of adult male with soft, decalcified swollen area (Fig. 5A) in distal part of the lower margin,characteristic of the subgenus. Soft area extending from the first third of the fixed finger to the distal third of the fixed finger covering slightly more than half (22 mm) of the distal part of the lower margin. Carpus with slightly elevated part ventral, ending in a corneous spine. Three prominent spines present at the proximal part of the carpus. Ventral surface smooth and pitted but with median portion elevated into a prominent, broad ridge ending in corneous spine. Dorsal surface of merus smooth, with slight excavation in middle part, with a distomesial spine and a tubercle on the dorsolateral surface and dorsodistal margin. Dorsolateral margin with 1 corneous spine. Ventral surface with 3 large corneous spines. Ischium smooth with single spine on ventral surface.
Second pereopod reaching anteriorly about to middle of scaphocerite and a bit further when stretched. Fingers as long as palm, of same height. Short setae present on dactyl and fixed finger. Carpus slightly longer than palm. Merus about 1.5 times longer than carpus. Ischium about half as long as merus.
Third pereopod overreaching second. Fingers shorter than palm.
Fourth pereopod reaching distal margin of scaphocerite. Dactylus with corneous tip. Short scattered setae present. Propodus more than twice as long as dactylus, about 1.5 times as long as carpus; somewhat flattened, carrying many stiff setae on lower margin. Merus just slightly longer than propodus.
Fifth pereopod similar to fourth, slightly shorter.
Dorsal surface of pleon smooth in median region; pleura smooth, slightly pitted becoming densely pitted on sixth somite and telson. Telson with posterolateral spines. Uropodalm protopod with distal spine on mesial lobe. Exopod of uropod with two well defined spines. one distal spine on mesial lobe, with prominent median rib ending in a spine in middle of uropod. Posterior margin of proximal segment of exopod of uropod with row of small spines overlapping diaresis.
Description of paratype female
(Fig. 6). Chela of first pereiopods equal, about 3 times as long as broad (30 mm and 11 mm respectively), with no decalcified areas on lower margin. Mesial margin of palm slightly elevated, forming slender serrated ridge with row of 9 small granular teeth. Cutting edge of dactyl with rather small granular teeth in posterior part and one slightly larger tooth in about middle. Cutting edge of fixed finger with small granules and one slightly larger granules. Small scattered short setae visible along ventral cutting edge of chelae, more dense in posterior area. Cervical groove distinct, non setose. 3 spines present on lateral surface of cephalothorax. At level of antenna, two weakly developed anteriorly directed spines present. Pleon just slightly narrower than cephalothorax (widths 16 mm and 17 mm respectively).
In young males, the first chelae resembles those of the female or is slightly broader. A young male of TL 74 mm (non type material )has the decalcified area small, in the process of developing, present on both chelae, about 10 mm long.
The males examined have a carapace length of 35–47 mm, and a total length of 75–98 mm (n = 11); the females have a carapace length of 37–39 mm and a total length of 83–90 mm (n = 2).
The living animals (Fig. 1) are coloured as follows: Chelae light blue to dark blue, decalcified swollen area in distal part of the lower margin white or cream coloration, rostrum greenish blue. Anterior part of the cephalothorax pinkish to striking pink fading laterally to a greenish grey. Walking legs light blue to dark blue. Dorsal pleon dark blue to black becoming pinkish grey and cream coloured to the margins. Some individuals greenish-grey with few pinkish spots on pleon. Chela light blue with cream coloured margins. Walking legs bluish. Distal margin of tail-fan cream to pinkish.
The presence of a decalcified area on the lower margin of the chelae of the first pereiopods in adult males shows that the new species belongs to the subgenus Astaconephrops. Seven species/subspecies are known from New Guinea: Cherax (Astaconephrops) lorentzi lorentzi Roux, 1911; Cherax (Astaconephrops) lorentzi aruanus Roux, 1911; Cherax (Astaconephrops) minor Holthuis, 1996; Cherax (Astaconephrops) monticola Holthuis, 1950; Cherax (Astaconephrops) misolicus Holthuis, 1949; Cherax (Astaconephrops) albertisii (Nobili, 1899) and Cherax (Astaconephrops) boesemani Lukhaup & Pekny, 2008.
The name is derived from the Latin “pulcher” meaning beautiful, alluding to the colourful appearance of the species.
Known only from the Hoa Creek and the general Hoa Creek Drainage area. The water is clear, and has pH 6.6. Currents are strong in the narrower parts of the creek, including the upper reaches. The substrate of the creek is rocky, and mostly covered with sand, stones and large rocks. To improve the knowledge of the distribution of the species more collecting trips are necessary.
- Lukhaup, C; 2015: Cherax (Astaconephrops) pulcher, a new species of freshwater crayfish (Crustacea, Decapoda, Parastacidae) from the Kepala Burung (Vogelkop) Peninsula, Irian Jaya (West Papua), Indonesia ZooKeys, (502): 1-10. doi